Dos Bocas Port is located about five kilometers north of the town of Paraiso in the State of Tabasco, Mexico, on the southern shores of the Gulf of Mexico. The Puerto de Dos Bocas serves the States of Tabasco, Campeche, Chiapas, Veracruz, and the northern areas of Central America. The Puerto de Dos Bocas accounts for as much as 85% of Mexico’s oil production and imports equipment and machinery for oil exploration and development activities.
The Puerto de Dos Bocas also imports products, equipment, and machinery to support local agricultural production, much of which is exported. Puerto de Dos Bocas exports include bananas, mango, pineapple, Persian lemon, papaya, orange, coffee, sugar cane, cocoa, and peppers as well as products based on livestock.
Oil exports leave the Puerto de Dos Bocas for destinations that include the East Coast of the United States, Europe, the Caribbean, and North Africa. Exports of tropical agricultural products go to the US’s East Coast, Eastern Europe, Canada, and the Middle East.
The Puerto de Dos Bocas was constructed in 1979 and started operating in 1982. At first, the port had two buoys outside of the port that were used for exporting about 30 million tons of petroleum per year. The Puerto de Dos Bocas also had an oil supplying terminal to support offshore operations. When it opened, the Puerto de Dos Bocas had only two thousand meters of docks.
In 1982, new construction began, and the Puerto de Dos Bocas’ east and west piers were built, enlarging the port by 50%. In 1994, the Administración Portuaria Integral de Dos Bocas, S.A. de C.V. was established as the port authority for the Puerto de Dos Bocas. Its responsibilities included ensuring the continuity of oil exports, strengthening and enlarging port infrastructure, and opening the port for commercial activities beyond petroleum. The Puerto de Dos Bocas’s multi-purpose terminal began operating in 2005, and an Industrial Park was initiated.
Commercial vessels arrive at the Puerto de Dos Bocas’s commercial zone through a channel that is about of 2200 meters long with a depth of ten meters. A secondary channel of 240 meters and depth of seven meters serves boat building and repair of boats and oil platforms.
In 2008, the Puerto de Dos Bocas exported about 8 million tons of cargo, down dramatically from its peak in 2003 when over 30 million tons of foreign trade cargo was exported. The same year, the Puerto de Dos Bocas handled about 800 thousand tons of intercoastal trade with other Mexican ports. Foreign trade of 8.1 million tons consisted of 7.7 thousand tons of imports and 8.1 million tons of exports. Almost all exports were petroleum and petroleum derivatives. The Puerto de Dos Bocas also received about two thousand passengers in 2008.
The Puerto de Dos Bocas’ Multi-purpose Terminal has an access channel of 2100 meters at a depth of nine meters. The turning basin is 300 meters in diameter. The terminal can accommodate container ships to 1000 TEUs, roll-on/roll-off vessels to 27.5 thousand tons, bulk carriers and tankers to 13 thousand tons, and carriers to 21.5 thousand tons. The pier is 300 meters long with alongside depth of 7.3 meters.
Located at the old beach (called “El Limon”) west of Lake Mecoacán are the Puerto de Dos Bocas’ East and West Piers. The East Pier is about 1.9 thousand meters long, and the West Pier is 750 meters long. Both piers were constructed in 1982.
The Puerto de Dos Bocas contains 30 thousand square meters of paved yards and one thousand square meters of roofed areas. A 100 thousand square meter shelter for equipment and products is being constructed.
The Puerto de Dos Bocas contains seven major specialized terminals in addition to the multi-purpose terminal. Pemex Oil has a supply terminal at the Puerto de Dos Bocas. Other terminals include the asphalt terminal, fuel supply terminal, and commercial and tourist terminal. There are also two terminals in the Puerto de Dos Bocas for manufacturing and maintenance of (1) vessels and (2) oil platforms.