The Port of Toyohashi is lies on the shores of Atsumi Bay in east central Honshu, Japan’s mainland island, in Aichi Prefecture. Originally called Yoshida, much fighting took place in this castle town in the 16th Century, and it was held by many different rulers in the Tokugawa period. In 2005, over 372 thousand people called the Port of Toyohashi home.
Until after the Second World War, it was one of Japan’s biggest centers for the manufacture of silk. Since the war and with less demand for silk, the Port of Toyohashi has moved to synthetic and cotton textiles. The Port of Toyohashi is also one of Japan’s leading sources of quail. The city is also a leader in agricultural production, particularly for vegetables. It also produces the popular Toyohashi writing brush.
In 1936, the Port of Toyohashi was created from the merger of the Toyogawa River Port with the ports of Maeshiba, Muro, and Osaki. It was designated a national port at that time.
In 1962, Mikawa Port was created when the ports of Toyohashi, Gamagori, Tahara, and Nishiura were combined and put under the Aichi Prefecture’s administrative control. In 1964, the Mikawa Port was designated a Major Port, and the East Mikawa District was designated a Special Area for Industrial Consolidation. In 1970, a third industrial sector was established in the Osaki area. In 1971, the first vessel entered the port.
The Port of Toyohashi opened as an international trade port in 1972, and the first foreign vessel entered the newly-designated port in 1973. The Port of Toyohashi also came under the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act and the Plant Protection Law in 1973. In 1974, it was a designated port under the Port Transportation Business Law. Then in 1978, the Port of Toyohashi became an animal quarantine port under the Domestic Animal Infectious Disease Control Law.
In 1981, the Higashi-Mikawa Coastal road was completed to join the Jinno and Funato Quays. The first 12-meter berth was completed at the Jinno Quay in 1986, and the Jinno Bridge was completed that year. In 1988, the Port of Toyohashi was designated a quarantine port.
In 1997, Mikawa Port was created and designated as a Specified Port while the Port of Toyohashi celebrated 25 years as an international trading port. The sailing vessel Kaiomaru entered the Port of Toyohashi that year. In 1998, the Toyohashi Container Terminal opened, and regular container liner services between South Korea and Japan began. Then in 1999, construction began on the Nakayama Channel Route, at 700 meters wide and a depth of 14 meters. Regular domestic liner services started that year.
By 2001, three regular container services were operating weekly between the Port of Toyohashi and South Korea. In 2002, container liner services started between the Port of Toyohashi and Dalian, Qingdao, and Shanghai in China.
In 2003, the Port of Toyohashi was designated a Recycling Port, and it was approved as an International Automobile Special Zone. In 2004, the first berth at Jinno No. 8 Quay came into use.