The Port of Hachinohe faces the Pacific Ocean in northern Japan’s Aomori Prefecture on the main island of Honshu. The Port of Hachinohe is one of Japan’s major deep-sea fishing ports. Since the early 20th Century, marine products have been processed there, and heavy industry was introduced to the city in the latter half of the Century. In 2005, over 244 thousand people called the Port of Hachinohe home.
During the Tokugawa era from the early 17th to late 19th Centuries, the Port of Hachinohe was a castle town and a small commercial and fishing center for the region. Today’s Port of Hachinohe was incorporated in 1929 to become one of the country’s major fishing ports. The fishing port boasts modern facilities to process and store the catch. The port has grown to serve cargo vessels as well as the fishing industry.
Since the 12th Century, the area around the Port of Hachinohe has been well-known for its breed of horses. Farming horses have been the base for local livelihood as well as for folk stories and dances. The symbol of the Port of Hachinohe is the Yawata-uma, a black horse with golden saddle and decorative plume. The art of Yawata-uma, carving and painting wooden horses, has become a regional art form.
During the late 19th and early 20th Centuries, known as the Meiji era, the Port of Hachinohe was considered for the capital of the new Aomori Prefecture; however, the new town of Aomori was selected.
In 1951, the Port of Hachinohe was designated a national principal port. In 1964, it was further designated a new industrial city. In 2005, the Port of Hachinohe merged with the village of Nangō.
The Port of Hachinohe has expanded into a busy commercial port, and the area around the city has developed industries beyond the traditional fishing industry. Today, several high-tech companies process and assemble a variety of materials.