The Port of Fukui lies on the west central shores the Sea of Japan on Japan’s main island, Honshu. It is the capital of and biggest city in the Fukui Prefecture, backed by tall tree-covered mountains that meet a wide plain where rice paddies dominate the land. In 2005, over 820 thousand people lived in the urban area, while the Port of Fukui was home to about 270 thousand.
Paddy-rice farming and forestry are the major sources of employment in the Port of Fukui. It is also part of a larger and important silk and synthetic textile industry in the Prefecture, but there are also makers of electrical machinery in the city.
While the modern Port of Fukui was incorporated in 1889, the city had been important to the region for a thousand years. During the Edo period in the 17th to 19th Centuries, it was the capital of Echizen province.
Allied bombs devastated the Port of Fukui in 1945, and a major earthquake struck the city in 1948. Since then, the Port of Fukui has rebuilt and regained its energy, adopting the official symbol of the phoenix.