The Port of Haldia is a major seaport and industrial city in West Bengal, India. Located about 50 kilometers southwest of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), the Port of Haldia lies near the mouth of one of the distributaries of the Ganges, the Hugli River. It is currently being developed as a trade port for bulk cargoes serving Kolkata.
The Port of Haldia contains many factories, including many from foreign companies like Mitsubishi Chemicals, and several light industries. It is also a base for India’s Coast Guard, with a hover-port housing two of the Coast Guard’s six hovercrafts. In 2001, over 170 thousand people lived in the Port of Haldia.
With an excellent location and modern port facilities, the Port of Haldia has led to the establishment of public sector companies like the Indian Oil Corporation Refinery Unit and major private sector companies like TATA Chemicals, South Asian Petrochemicals Ltd., and Ruchi Soya Industries Ltd. With the arrival of Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd. and Mitsubishi Chemical Company’s purified terepthalic acid plant, the Port of Haldia promises considerable growth potential.
The Port of Haldia dock is located on the banks of the Hugli River off the Bay of Bengal. The port authority is Kolkata Port Trust, Haldia Dock Trust. Developing and promoting the Port of Haldia as an industrial center has been an important goal of the West Bengal government for some time. The Planning and Development act of 1979 established the Haldia Development Authority (HDA) to plan Haldia and integrate the Port of Haldia with the industrial region. The Haldia Development Authority was created to:
The Port of Haldia is the fourth biggest port in India, and it is part of the Port of Kolkata. In 2006, the Port of Haldia handled a record of about 43 million tons of cargo. The port can handle large vessels and has a fully-equipped container-handling facility. Siltation of the channel can be a problem for the Port of Haldia, and the government provides dredging services to maintain open navigation to the Haldia Dock Complex.
The Port of Haldia contains 15 berths with total length of 3.3 thousand meters and alongside depths from 8.5 to 11 meters. The berths include three oil jetties, four berths for coking coal, two berths for break bulk cargoes, two berths for liquid bulk cargoes, one berth for limestone, one berth for containers, one berth for coal, and one berth for both coal and general cargo.
The Port of Haldia imports fertilizers, food grain, sugar, paper and newsprint, coking coal, petroleum and metallurgical coke, soda ash, iron and steel, limestone, machinery, scrap, vegetables, and general cargoes. The Port of Haldia exports food grains, thermal coal, calcinated petroleum coke, jute and jute products, iron and steel, pig iron, tea, metal and metal products, machinery, mica, and other general cargoes.
The Port of Haldia’s Berth No. 1, the Satish Samanta Oil Jetty, handles crude; petroleum, oil, and lubricants; and liquid ammonia. It can accommodate vessels to 780 feet long, and the jetty can process at least four million tons of cargo per year. Berth No. 2, the second oil jetty, handles crude and petroleum, oil, and lubricants. It can accommodate vessels to 915 feet long, and it can process at least six million tons of cargo per year. Berth No. 3 handles thermal coal; coking coal; petroleum, oil, and lubricants; and dry bulk cargoes. It can accommodate vessels to 232 meters long and can process at least 1.8 million tons of cargo per year.
Berth No. 4 at the Port of Haldia can accommodate vessels to 232 meters long carrying thermal coal, and it can process at least 3.5 million tons per year. Berth No. 5 accommodates vessels to 198 meters long carrying coking coal and raw fertilizer materials. It can process at least 1.7 million tons of cargo per year.
The Port of Haldia’s Berths No. 6 and 7, in the Finger Jetty, handle non-hazardous liquid bulk, dry bulk, and general cargoes. They can accommodate vessels to 213 meters long and can process a total of 400 thousand tons of cargo per year. Berth No. 8, with capacity for at least 1.3 million tons per year, handles coking coal, dry bulk, and general cargoes. Berth No. 9, with capacity for at least 270 thousand tons per year, also handles coking coal, dry bulk, and general cargoes.
Within the Haldia Dock Complex, the quay for Berth 9 is 219.5 meters long with alongside depth of 13.7 meters. It includes 72.8 thousand square meters of open area and 9.3 thousand square meters of covered storage. The Port of Haldia’s container freight station at Berth 9 has 12 reefer points that can be extended.
The Port of Haldia operates its own railway. It has two interchange yards with direct connections to Indian Railways. The port also owns a fleet of locomotives. The port’s railway handles about seven million tons of cargo traffic per year. The Port of Haldia is also directly connected to the nation’s highway networks.