Located just six nautical miles east of the Port of Mumbai across the Thane Creek, the Port of Nhava Sheva, also known as Jawaharlal Nehru Port, was created to ease the pressure of Mumbai's increasing cargo volumes. The Port of Nhava Sheva is the busiest port in India and handles almost half of the country's maritime trade.
With immediate access to Mumbai and its hinterland, as well as most of North India, the Port of Nhava Sheva handles a wide range of exports that include textile-related products like embroidery machines, knitted t-shirts, cotton shirts, carpets, and sporting goods. The Port of Nhava Sheva imports chemicals, plastics, machinery, aluminum and other non-ferrous metals, and vegetable oils.
The Thane Creek Bridge was opened in 1973, opening the New Bombay area for residences and development of a new port to take the pressure off the busy Port of Mumbai. The Port of Nhava Sheva is connected to Mumbai's Bombay suburban railway system via the Thanes Creek Bridge.
Today, New Bombay is home to about 200 thousand people and includes some 95 villages, an industrial zone, vast agricultural lands, and the Port of Nhava Sheva. Offering opportunities to Mumbai's growing middle class, New Bombay has grown haphazardly. It has few public facilities, and pollution is a major problem.