The Port of Gresik likes on the central northeastern shores of the island of Java. It is the capital of the Gerbangkartasusilo sub-region of the East Java province of Indonesia.
Since the 11th Century AD, Gresik has been a busy Asian commercial center with trading partners in Arabia, India, and China. The Port of Gresik, then called Bandar Agung, was founded in 1389. Trading merchants helped spread Islam throughout the area. In 1515, Portuguese traveler Tome Pires described the Port of Gresik as “the jewel of Java in trading ports” in his book, Suma Oriental.
Located about 16 kilometers northwest of the Port of Surabaya, the Port of Gresik is a busy inter-island port and anchorage for boats bringing timber from Celebes, Papua, and Kalimantan.
The port authority of the Port of Gresik is Pelabuhan Indonesia III (Indonesian), a state-owned company that manages 39 ports across Indonesia. Indonesian ports have been managed centrally by a state-owned organization since 1960. In 1985, the organization was changed to a public company, and in 1992, it was changed to a limited corporation, Pt. (Persero) Pelabuhan Indonesia III. The corporation has created subsidiaries and joint ventures to enhance efficient port management. Some of these are PT Terminal Petikemas Surabaya handling international container traffic, PT Portek Indonesia maintaining cargo-handling and port equipment, PT Rumah Sakit Pelabuhan Surabaya providing for port health and medical services, PT Aspalindo Tiga specializing in bulk asphalt, and PT Berlian Jasa Terminal Indonesia specializing in conventional cargo.
The Port of Gresik’s PT Semin Gresik (Persero) Tbk. produces and packages two types of cement for sale in bulk and jumbo bags.
In October 2008, the East Java Department of Economic and Development Affairs announced that East Java will develop the Port of Gresik as an economic zone to attract investors, boost provincial exports, and stimulate economic growth.
The Port of Gresik contains PT Smelting, Gresik Smelter, a copper-smelting and refining complex that produces copper anodes and process gases. The smelter complex has a 1.9 kilometer long jetty and wharf of 230 meters that can accommodate 350 DWT vessels. The wharf is also used for exporting CL-slag. Located 30 kilometers north of Surbaya, PT Smelting Gresik partners with Mitsubshi Materials, PT Freeport Indonesia, Mitsubishi Corporation, and Nippon Mining and Metals Company. In 2001, PTS made 214 thousand tons of cathodes, over its design capacity.
The Port of Gresik handles a wide range of cargoes. Imports include rice, wheat, sugar, sun flower mill, soya bean mill, pulp, steel ingots, steel sheets, coils, scrap iron, bronze, fertilizer, oil, and gas. The Port of Gresik ships exports from East Java that include paper rolls, HVS paper, wire, pellets, cocoa, steel sheets, pipes, tubes, dried tapioca, coconut oil cake, cement, and oil and gas.
The Port of Gresik supports many industries, primarily agricultural, and many cottage industries. It is home to PT Semen Gresik, the largest cement factory in Indonesia. Other industries important to the Port of Gresik economy are petrochemical plants, mills, plywood manufacturers, and a steel foundry.