The Port of Cirebon lies on the shores of the Java Sea in the Jawa Barat (West Java) province of Indonesia almost 300 kilometers east of Jakarta. For centuries, it was an Islamic center that fiercely opposed Dutch colonial rule. Just south of the city of Cirebon lies Mount Ciremay, a volcano rising over three thousand meters above the city with sulfur and hot springs flowing from its slopes.
The Port of Cirebon is well-equipped with roads and railways, and it has a small airport. It is surrounded by agricultural areas producing tea, tobacco, rice, sugarcane, essential oils, cassava, peanuts, cinchona, and pulses. In 2000, over 272 thousand people lived in the Port of Cirebon.
The Port of Cirebon was part of the ancient Sunda Kingdom during the 16th Century AD. In 1844, a massive drought combined with a shift to cash crops from subsistence agriculture created a terrible famine.
The Dutch East India Company established the Port of Cirebon in 1865 in order to export spices, raw materials, and sugar cane. By the 1890s, the port contained warehouses and open storage areas. In the early 20th Century, a British-American cigarette factory was opened in the Port of Cirebon.
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