The Port of Batumi is the capital of Georgia, just 15 kilometers north of the border with Turkey on the southeast coast of the Black Sea. Its main industry is an oil refinery that processes petroleum from Baku. It also contains a shipyard and industries that manufacture machines and furniture.
In addition to being a busy industrial city, the Port of Batumi is a popular resort and a pretty city. It has beautiful gardens and streets, and it is home to a popular nearby Botanical Garden. It is in the center of a citrus- and tea-growing area, with tea plantations at the city’s borders. About 138 thousand people call Batumi home.
The Port of Batumi has welcomed ships from all over the known world throughout its history. It has seen Phoenician sailing ships, Greek and Roman boats, galleys from Genoa and Venice, Portuguese and Spanish caravels, Russian corvettes, and feluccas from Turkey.
The Port of Batumi is Georgia’s most important seaport and gateway. The Port of Batumi was born during the Roman Empire under the rule of Emperor Adrian III. Greek and Roman merchants made it a major world trade center.
Batumi was first mentioned by Aristotle in the 4th Century AD. At the time, it was the bastion of Colchis power where the River Korolistskali’s meets the sea. The Port of Batumi was well-known to the ancient world. The story of Jason and the Argonauts tells of the Colchis tribes as the inventors of iron and steel and the producers of renowned jewelry, pottery, and steel.
The Port of Batumi has suffered many wars and conquest over its long history. It was conquered by Turkey in the 17th Century and then rejoined Georgia in 1878.
By the end of the 19th Century, trade and industry made the Port of Batumi a prosperous town. It was connected to other cities in Georgia in 1883, when it had free port status. In 1885, the Port of Batumi was reconstructed, and many new factories had appeared.
By the end of the 19th Century, its central geographic location and natural deep-water harbor made the Port of Batumi a world-class port, particularly for export of petroleum, and trade center. In 1888, it received city status.
Today, the Port of Batumi is one of Georgia’s most beautiful cities. It enjoys a moderate climate, breathtaking natural scenery, and a unique cultural life. Bordered by the Black Sea on one side and towering mountains on the other, it has something to offer everyone.