The Petroleum Dock Port is located at the head of the Gulf of Suez and at the southern end of the Suez Canal. Some 3.3 kilometers south of downtown Port Suez, it is about 160 kilometers south of the canal's other terminus at Port Said. Please refer to the article on Port Suez for details about the area's history and tourist attractions.
The Petroleum Dock Port is one of the more modern parts of the ancient trading site of Suez. Once called Clysma by the Greeks who lived there, it became the Muslim Qulzum in the 7th Century AD.
The Ottoman Turks conquered Suez in the 16th Century. They made relied on the city as a trading port with Arabia, India, and Yemen. After Ottoman rule, the port declined and remained relatively unimportant until the Suez Canal opened in 1869.
Today, Port Suez and the Petroleum Dock Port are important to Egypt's commerce and military maritime activities. With many petroleum refineries, the Petroleum Dock Port is a major economic support to Suez.