The Port of Jinzhou is a district under the administration of the city of Dalian. Located on Jinzhou Bay off the Bo Hai, or Gulf of Chihli, on the Liaodong Peninsula, the Port of Jinzhou is China’s northernmost seaport. It is located just about 21 kilometers north of the city of Dalian, and its land transportation networks connect North and Northeast China. In 2007, 956 thousand people lived in the urban area.
The Port of Jinzhou is one of Manchuria’s most ancient towns. Known a thousand years ago as Thue, the Qin Dynasty unified six states and the Port of Jinzhou into the Liaodong township between 221 and 206 BC. During the Tang Dynasty (618-904 AD), it was the seat of the township government of Andong. It got the name Jinzhou first during the Liao Dynasty (907-1125 AD) when it was part of the Zhongjing prefecture. The Qing Dynasty (1644-1912 AD) changed the name to Jinxian. Before the arrival of the 20th Century and the Republican period in China, the Port of Jinzhou was the provincial capital of Liaoxi Province. Then in 1954, the provinces of Liaoxi and Liaodong were merged, and the Port of Jinzhou was under their jurisdiction.
During the 20th Century, nearby Dalian emerged as a leading city and port. The Port of Jinzhou remained a local market town, developing as an industrial satellite of Dalian. The Port of Jinzhou contains an important paper plant, heavy-machinery manufacturing, and big textile mills.
In 1992, the Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone was established, one of the first province-level zones in Liaoning Province. Pillar industries include the manufacturing of machinery, light industrial food, biological medicine, costumes and adornment, and electronic information.
Among the machinery products produced are precision bearings, automobile parts, high-tech equipment, and high-tech controlled machine tools. The light industrial food sector develops new technology and equipment for storing, maintaining freshness, and drying a variety of foods. Biological medicine products include biological medicines and materials, and bio-engineering technologies. The electronic information sector produces computer and communications equipment, multi-media systems, electronic measurement tools, and electronic components.