The City of Cumana is the hometown of Antonio Jose de Sucre, one of South America's most important leaders in struggles for independence, and one of the country's most outstanding poets, Andres Eloy Blanco.
Visitors to Cumana will find a range of well-preserved colonial architecture. The 17th Century Castillo de San Antonio de la Eminencia, which can be seen from the Port Sucre beach, withstood many pirate attacks, but it was seriously damaged by earthquakes, having to be rebuilt twice. Its outer walls made of coral-rock are the originals. With 16 guns, the Castillo was one of two forts built in the 1680s to protect what was the world's biggest salt deposit at the time, and it was built completely out of coral.
The Museo del Mar (Museum of the Sea) offers exhibits of maritime and marine artifacts.