The City of Trieste (Italian), located so near Italy’s border, has a unique cultural and artistic heritage. Its residents have a variety of cultural backgrounds: German, Slavic, Italian, and Mediterranean. The Port of Trieste holds an equally diverse architectural heritage and history. Being Italy’s smallest Province, Trieste has a surprisingly varied climate as well. While the Adriatic Sea gives it Mediterranean summers, cold north winds bring temperatures down considerably during the winter.
The Port of Trieste contains many places of historical, archaeological, and artistic interest for visitors and residents alike. The museums, historic buildings, and art galleries reveal the same variety as the people. Visitors will find prehistoric, Greek, Roman, and Eastern European influences everywhere.
The Museo di Storia Naturale contains many different collections telling the area’s story including its zoology, botany, geology, paleontology, and mineralogy.
The Roman Theatre of the Port of Trieste dates back further, but the walls that enclose it were built in around 33 BC by Emperor Octavius (Augustus Caesar). The theater lies at the foot of San Giusto and looks out to the sea. Taking advantage of the hill’s slope, the amphitheater’s top seats were probably made of wood. Statues that used to line the structure are now in the Town Museum.
The Il Faro della Vittoria (Victory Lighthouse) was built in the early 20th Century. Created by architect Arduino Berlam and sculptor Giovanni Mayer, it serves the traditional function of a lighthouse, but it is also a monument that commemorates the fallen soldiers of World War I. The lighthouse incorporates the anchor of the first Italian ship in the Port of Trieste, the Audace torpedo-boat from 1918.
The Port of Trieste is home to one of the biggest synagogues in Europe. Guided tours are available. The Museo della Comunita Ebraica di Trieste (Italian) (Museum of the Jewish Community of Trieste) features ritual art, mainly fabrics and silverware, belonging to members of the Port of Trieste’s Jewish community over the years.
The Museo della Risiera di San Sabba is a national monument and a reminder of Italy’s only Nazi extermination camp.
Travelers who want to see the Port of Trieste by sea can find a long list of scheduled cruises on the Cruise Compete website.