The City of Naples (Italian) offers an almost endless variety of sights and activities. The heart of Napoli is its historic center, declared a World Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO. Underground Naples hides almost 80 kilometers of caves that have been in use since 400 BC. You can visit the city's website for tourist information on the Port of Napoli.
The Port of Napoli houses the biggest, most important archeological museum in Europe, the Museo Archeologico Nazionale. It contains not only most of the artifacts and findings from Pompeii but a luxurious setting for enjoying some of the finest Italian paintings and Roman sculptures as well as a fantastic view of the Bay of Naples. The museum building was completed in the early 17th Century and used as the "Palace of Royal Studies," Naples' university. When the university moved in 1777, King Ferdinand IV restored and adapted the building to contain a royal museum and library. By 1816, the Naples museum housed the breathtaking Farnese collection and the Vesuvian antiquities. Today, in addition to its earlier collections (which have grown with increased archaeological excavations), the museum contains collections of Egyptian antiquities, mosaics, coins, sculptures, and paintings.
Only 22 kilometers from the Port of Napoli are the excavations of Pompeii, the city destroyed by Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, burying most poor souls alive and covering the city with a three-foot layer of ash. Even nearer, Herculaneum was buried under a stream of mud and lava, and many travelers prefer this well-preserved reminder of the fragility of human life. These two excavations are among Italy's most popular tourist destinations.
Naples' Castel dell'Ovo is located on the ancient isle of Megaride where the ancient Cumaenns arrived in the 7th Century BC to found the infant city. In the 1st Century AD, the villa of Lucio Licinio Lucullo was built there, and some remains still exist. The Normans built the first castle on the isle in the 12th Century. The rectangular castle overlooks the Port of Napoli causeway. Inside are many buildings used for special events and exhibitions, and a large round tower stands outside the castle walls. The castle's name (Castle of the Egg) was born of an old legend that claims the poet Virgil put a magical egg in the foundations to support the Naples castle. From the castle, visitors get a wonderful view of the Naples waterfront and the Bay.
The Isle of Capri is a short five kilometers from the mainland Port of Napoli in the Bay of Naples. This beautiful spot has been a popular resort since the Roman Empire ruled the country, and Roman Emperors came here to relax. In Greek mythology, Capri was the island of the sirens that Homer wrote about in the Odysseus. The Emperor Tiberius had a villa on the island. Particularly crowded with Naples tourists in July and August, the island is calmer at other times of the year. The beautiful Grotta Azzurra (Blue Grotto) is a famous cave on the island where Romans bathed. Roman remains can still be seen when the tide is low on the floor of the cave. Capri was colonized by the Greeks and taken from them by the Emperor Augustus who fell in love with the island. Since the Grotta Azzurra was rediscovered in the 1800s, the Isle of Capri has been one of the world's most famous and popular resort areas.
Travelers who want to visit the Port of Napoli and the many wonders of Naples can find a long list of scheduled cruises on the Cruise Compete website.