The City of Alexandria (Arabic) is Egypt's second largest city and its most important seaport. This modern Port of Alexandria of over four million people is also one of the world's most precious historical treasures. Once the glorious capital of an Egypt ruled by Pharaohs, The Port of Alexandria contains far too many attractions to describe here. For more detailed information on the many things to see and do in Alexandria, please refer to the Tour Egypt website.
The Port of Alexandria has a Mediterranean climate with humid hot summers and rainy mild winters. Summer evenings are cooler and more breezy than the days, and winter nights can be down-right cold. The Port of Alexandria is humid year-round. The best time to visit the Port of Alexandria is in the spring from March to June and in the autumn from September to November. Summers are nice, but they are crowded with Egyptians escaping Cairo's heat to enjoy the Alexandrian beaches. Temperatures range from an average high of 30 ° C (87 ° F) in August to an average low of 9 ° C (48 ° F) in January. December through February are the rainiest months.
Visitors to Alexandria have a wide range of choices among places to visit and things to do. One must-see is the Al-Montazah Palace. Overlooking a wonderful beach from a low plateau east of the Port of Alexandria, the Palace is surrounded by gardens and woods. It contains several buildings including Al-Haramlek, once the summer residence of the royal family, and the Palestine Hotel. The Montazah Palace Gardens covers about 155 hectares and contains flowers, palms, and many trees. The grounds also contain a museum, the best beach in Alexandria, and natural bays. Visitors will enjoy the tourist center, the hotel, the restaurants, and the 4.6-acre children's playground. They may want to stay in one of the many bungalows. The palace, which is now the President's residence, is in the Moorish style near a sandy cove with a Victorian bridge connecting a nearby island.
The Port of Alexandria's Graeco Roman Museum offers hours of interesting history in relics from the period when the Greeks and the Romans occupied Egypt from 332 BC to 395 AD. Many of the Greek and Roman statues are remnants. It seems that Egyptians never really detached their statues from the stone from which they were carved, so they were durable through the centuries. Greek and Roman statues were much more fragile due to the considerably less support and the greater detail, so that almost anything could break off. A favorite item in the museum is a giant black stone bath tub that had been turned into a sarcophagus.
Adventurers will want to visit the Port of Alexandria's Catacombs of Kom el Shaqafa. About 35 meters below ground, a spiral staircase descends a open shaft once used to lower corpses into the tombs. At the bottom of the staircase is a funerary complex with an intricate web of rooms and passages dating to the 2nd Century AD. (Many of the passages are younger, created by tomb robbers.) The first room is a burial chamber through a doorway guarded by Anubis (Egyptian god dressed in a Roman tunic) and Agathodaemon (neo-Greek god). The statues reveal the flexibility of Egyptian culture. Visitors can stop for a lunch or snack (that they have carried) in the triclinium where mourners once gathered.
Travelers who want to see the Port of Alexandria by sea can find a long list of scheduled cruises on the Cruise Compete website.