Residents of the Port of Newcastle call themselves “Novocastrians,” and they are an industry-oriented population. The city’s old central business district contains several historic buildings, including the Christ Church Cathedral and the 1920s City Hall.
Fort Scratchley, which defended the Port of Newcastle in 1942 during the Japanese submarine attack, is now a military museum that is being restored. Nobbys Island is connected to the mainland by a pier that was built by convicts in 1846. Open to pedestrians, the pier borders Nobbys Beach and provides excellent harbor views.
Being about 70 nautical miles from Sydney, the Port of Newcastle receives few visits from cruise ships.