Saigon Port is the major seaport in southern Vietnam. With a 130-year history of outstanding performance in the country's economic development, Saigon Port was recognized with the Hero of Labor award by the Chairman of the State for its achievements from 1986 to 1995.
Saigon Port is an international port covering 570 thousand square meters and containing five major terminals with 2830 meters of wharves, 250 thousand square meters of open yards, and 80 thousand square meters of warehouses. Saigon Port has recently started handling containerized cargoes, opening a new era for development of Vietnam's seaports and international trade.
The mission of Saigon Port is to achieve sustainable development as the leading port in Vietnam and continue to serve as the international gateway for Vietnam. Immediate objectives for Saigon Port include improving service standards and developing and operating deep-water terminals serving southern Vietnam.
Saigon Port is a member of the Board of Directors of the Asia and Ocean Asia Region of the International Association of Ports and Harbors and a member of the Vietnamese Seaports Association (VPA). Saigon Port is the main VPA representative to the ASEAN Ports Association. Its sister ports are the Port of Zhanjiang in the Republic of China, the Port of Osaka in Japan, and the Port of Los Angeles in the United States.
Ocean-going vessels approach Saigon Port from the Vung Tau anchorage via the 85 kilometer long, 11-meter deep Soai Rap canal. The canal can accommodate vessels to 32 thousand DWT and maximum draft of 11 meters. The Thieng Lieng buoy berth can accommodate vessels to 60 thousand DWT with maximum draft of 13.5 meters.
Established in 1860 under French colonial rule, Saigon Port includes five areas: Ham Nghi, Nha, Nha Rong, Khanh Hoi, and the Fish Market area. Ham Nghi runs for four kilometers on the right bank of the Saigon river and contains three wharves for domestic ships. Nha Rong (the Old Place) runs along the Tau Hu river and contains three wharves for ocean-going vessels. Serving ocean-going vessels, the Khanh Hoi area contains 11 wharves a total of 1.25 kilometers long. The Fish Market area has three wharves and two berthing positions.
Saigon Port covers a total area of 475 thousand square meters and contains three terminals. The Nha Rong terminal contains 428 meters of wharves with a depth of 9.1 meters. The Khanh Hoi Terminal has a total of 1264 meters of wharves with alongside depths ranging from 7.3 to 10 meters, and the Tan Thuan Terminal has a total of 866.5 meters of wharves with alongside depths of 11 and 12.1 meters. Saigon Port also contains 31 mooring buoys along the river with depths from 4 to 13.5 meters.
The Saigon Port Real Estate Center contains a 7.8 thousand square meter warehouse for general cargo and a 1.6 thousand square meter bonded warehouse. The Nha Rong and Khanh Hoi Terminals contain nine 2.1 thousand square meter warehouses for general cargo and a 2.1 thousand square meter bonded warehouse. The Nha Rong and Khanh Hoi Terminals also contain a total of 112.2 thousand square meters of open storage for general cargo, 41 thousand square meters of sheds for general cargo and containers, and 26.2 thousand square meters of open storage for containers.
The Tan Thuan Terminal contains two 2.8 thousand square meter warehouses for general cargo and a 4.3 thousand square meter Container Freight Station. The Tan Thuan 2 Terminal has four warehouses with a total area of 8.7 thousand square meters for bulk and bagged cargoes. The Tan Thuan Terminal also contains 2.5 thousand square meters of sheds for general cargo and containers and four yards totaling 86 thousand square meters for containers. Tan Thuan 2 has 17 thousand square meters of open storage for bulk and bagged cargoes.
In 2008, Saigon Port handled a total of 13.2 million tons of cargo throughput, including 5.4 million tons of imports, 2.8 million tons of exports, and 4.9 million tons of domestic cargoes. Container traffic of over 500 thousand TEUs included about 260 thousand TEUs of imports and about 250 thousand tons of exports. Major cargoes included imports of fertilizer, clinker, iron and steel, wheat, machinery and equipment, and chemicals. Rice was the major export. Domestic cargoes included coal, rice, and cement.