The Port of Vancouver USA has been overseen by a Board of Commissioners, with 33 individual commissioners serving since 1912. The Port of Vancouver district is made up of three districts, each of which has an elected Commissioner. The Commissioners serve six-year terms and set policy for the Port of Vancouver. The Port of Vancouver's Executive Director supervises a staff of over 100 who operate the port on a daily basis.
Cargoes handled in the Port of Vancouver are diverse and include breakbulk, containers, automobiles, liquid bulk, dry bulk, and project cargoes. The Port of Vancouver handles wind energy products, forest products, steel and aluminum, mineral ores, fertilizers, bauxite, grains, clays, and agricultural bulk.
The Port of Vancouver contains about 324 hectares of developed marine and industrial property, and there are over 243 hectares of land and 2.4 kilometers (1.5 miles) of waterfront access available for future development.
The Port of Vancouver offers services to support a wide range of shippers, unique cargoes, and specialized industrial customers. The Port of Vancouver continuously updates and improves its facilities and services to meet every need.
Located at the terminus of the deep draft (13.1 meters or 43 feet) shipping channel of the Columbia River, the Port of Vancouver contains five terminals and 13 berths. Two North American railroads meet at the Port of Vancouver, and the port linked to the United States' Interstate Highway network in all directions.
The Port of Vancouver offers over 6.4 hectares of dockside warehouse for bulk and general cargoes, and the Port of Vancouver maintains over 100 hectares of marshaling yards and open storage adjacent to its docks.
There are over 11 hectares of waterfront warehouses in the Port of Vancouver, assuring storage space for shippers. The Port of Vancouver has two mobile harbor cranes, each with capacity to lift up to 140 metric tons. Port of Vancouver terminals are enclosed and protected by 24-hour security complemented by camera and video surveillance. The Port of Vancouver's Terminal 5 is used for long-term storage and rail loading. In the future, there will be a potash export facility at Terminal 5 in the Port of Vancouver.
The Port of Vancouver receives cargo from Monday through Friday (except for holidays and during severe weather) from 8am until 5pm. Shippers can also make appointments 24 hours in advance for receipt and delivery of cargo.
The Port of Vancouver's major categories of cargo include imported and exported bulk commodities like soy beans, grain, mineral oils, corn, fertilizers, concentrates, bauxite, clays, and agricultural commodities.
The Terminal 2, Berth 7, Dry Bulk Export Dock in the Port of Vancouver exports a variety of heavy mineral bulk commodities. Kinder Morgan Bulk Terminals Inc. operates the facility. Equipped with a specialized covered conveyor system, the Dry Bulk Export Dock in the Port of Vancouver has berthing distance of 243.8 meters (800 feet) alongside depth of 13.1 meters (43 feet).
The dock has a bottom dump pit, and the conveyor system facilitates the direct transfer of iron ore from rail car to vessel. There are 1.5 hectares of bulk sheds at the Port of Vancouver's Dry Bulk Export Dock. The dock also has portable conveyors and hoppers, front-end loaders, and dump trucks that make the Port of Vancouver's Dry Bulk Export Dock an efficient and effective transshipment location for many types of dry bulk.
The Terminal 2 Grain Elevator Wharf in the Port of Vancouver has berthing distance of 217.9 meters (715 feet) alongside depth of 13.1 meters (43 feet). The Port of Vancouver owns the grain terminal, and United Grain Corporation leases and operates the terminal. United Grain Corporation is the West Coast's biggest wheat exporting elevator and one of the world's most efficient grain handlers.
The combined dock and a barge dock at the Terminal 2 Grain Elevator Wharf in the Port of Vancouver can support simultaneous off-loading of barge at over 1000 metric tons per hour and loading of a vessel at 2177 metric tons per hour. The Port of Vancouver grain elevator has capacity to store five million bushels, and it has over 250 silos where types of soybean, grain, and corn can be segregated.
Terminal 2, Berth 2, in the Port of Vancouver is used for export of bulk scrap. The dock has berthing distance of 167.6 meters (550 feet) alongside depth of 13.1 meters (43 feet). This environmentally-friendly state-of-the-art facility handles a wide range of scrap commodities.
The Port of Vancouver USA handles a variety of breakbulk cargoes that include steel, plywood, pulp, aluminum, forest products, containers, trucks, and yachts. The Port of Vancouver has two mobile harbor cranes with capacity to lift up to 140 metric tons separately or 210 metric tons in tandem.
Terminal 3, Berths 8 and 9, in the Port of Vancouver have total berthing distance of 381 meters (1250 feet) alongside depth of 12.2 meters (40 feet). This Port of Vancouver facility includes 3.3 hectares of covered storage area and 26.3 hectares of open storage.
Berths 1, 3, and 4 at the Port of Vancouver's Terminal 2 have total berthing distance of 533.4 meters (1750 feet) alongside depths of 12.2 and 13.1 meters (40 and 43 feet). Berths 1 and 4 can handle up to 750 pounds per square foot, and Berth 3 can handle up to one thousand pounds per square foot. Berth 4 can handle roll-on/roll-off cargo at its 4.6-meter (15-foot) dock height. Berth 3 at the Port of Vancouver's Terminal 2 has a multi-purpose Paceco crane with capacity for 51 metric tons and a 35.1-meter (115-foot) outreach.
The Port of Vancouver USA has extensive experience handling project cargoes. The Port of Vancouver is a world leader in importing wind energy components. The port is a gateway for the Columbia-Snake River systems for large modularized oil and gas industry components going into North America. The project cargo berth is Terminal 2, Berth 3, which gives berthing preference to seaborne vessels carrying project cargo. The Port of Vancouver's Terminal 2 Berth 3 has berthing distance of 167.6 meters (550 feet) alongside depth of 13.1 meters (43 feet).
The Port of Vancouver's Terminal 2, Berth 5, is the Liquid Bulk Dock. Owned by the Port of Vancouver, Berth 5 is operated by NuStar Energy LP and Tereso Logistics. Liquid bulk cargoes handled here include jet fuel, methanol, caustic soda, diesel, and other petroleum products. This Port of Vancouver facility has berthing distance of 121.9 meters (400 feet) alongside depth of 12.5 meters (41 feet). Three pipelines connect the dock to storage tank farms with total capacity for more than three million barrels.
In 1995, the auto dock, leased auto-processing facility, and cargo-staging area at the Terminal 4, Berth 10 Auto Dock facility were completed. The facility can handle high-volume loading and unloading of roll-on/roll-off cargoes. The Auto Dock has a 347.5-meter (1140-foot) floating dock alongside depth of 12.2 meters (40 feet).
The Port of Vancouver is the West Coast's biggest importer of Subaru automobiles, and Subaru of America uses the facility to both import and export their automobiles at the roll-on/roll-off facility. Auto Warehousing Company is Subaru's auto processor, preparing vehicles for transfer to auto dealerships by rail or truck.
The Port of Vancouver USA is busy handling breakbulk and heavy lift cargoes. The Port of Vancouver is a gateway for rail and truck transportation to a large area of North America. By river, the Port of Vancouver offers 13 deep-draft berths that serve both ocean-going and river vessels. By rail, the Port of Vancouver is served by the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway, the Union Pacific Railroad, the Canadian National Railroad, and the Canadian Pacific Railroad. The Port of Vancouver is within two miles of the north-south US Interstate Highway 5 and within ten miles of the east-west US Interstate Highway 84. The Port of Vancouver is within 15 minutes of the Portland International Airport and access to worldwide airborne passenger and commercial freight services.
The Centennial Industrial Park at the Port of Vancouver has over 40 hectares of light industrial property ready for development, and another 20 hectares adjacent to the park is available for expansion. Today, there are 23.5 shovel-ready hectares for sale or for short- or long-term lease. The property is well suited for industry, manufacturing, and supply-chain activities. This Port of Vancouver industrial park is located near the shipping lanes, the BNSF and Union Pacific railroads, and the major interstate highways. There are also many retail and commercial services located near the industrial park. The City of Vancouver provides potable water and sewer services. Clark Public Utilities provides electric service, and there are fire hydrants located on-site.