Since 1921, the Port of Longview has served the planned community as well as neighboring Kelso, handling a wide range of cargoes. Just 106 kilometers (66 miles) from the Pacific Ocean, the Port of Longview includes eight marine terminals and industrial waterfront property. Three Port of Longview Commissioners are elected by the voters of the port district for six-year terms.
The Port of Longview handles a diverse range of international trade and cargoes that include bulk and breakbulk loads of lumber, logs, steel, pulp and paper as well wind-energy, project, and heavy-lift cargoes. The Port of Longview is the nearest full-service port to the Columbia River's mouth on the Pacific Ocean. It offers eight marine terminals with connections to barge transportation, a regional airport, railroads, and the highway network. Port of Longview facilities also include 275 acres of waterfront industrial property and 75 acres of adjacent laydown space. The Port of Longview supports more than 13 thousand jobs related to marine cargo in the metropolitan area.
In 2010, the Port of Longview dedicated the new Al Helenberg Memorial Boat Launch at Castle Rock, the first engineered boat launch in the Port district's northern area. The Port of Longview also operates the Willow Grove Boat Launch and Gerhart Gardens Boat Launch in Longview.
The Port of Longview owns and operates Berth No. 1 to ship and receive foreign and domestic conventional general cargo and dry bulk materials. The Port of Longview offices are located at the rear of Berth No. 1. This Port of Longview facility has berthing distance of 241.4 meters (792 feet) with alongside depth of 12.2 meters (40 feet). Hopper cars unload bulk materials at Building No. 9, which has storage capacity for 20 thousand tons. There is a 28-acre open storage area at the rear of the berth. Storage space of almost six hectares is also provided at 16 port-owned warehouses and sheds in the Port of Longview. One surface rail track joins tracks serving Building No. 9 and connects with the Industrial Rail Corridor.
Berths No. 2 and 3 in the Port of Longview are used to ship and receive foreign and domestic heavy-lift items and general cargo and to ship dry bulk materials. The wharf is contiguous with Berths No. 1 and 4, providing total contiguous berthing distance of 707.1 meters (2320 feet). The Port of Longview's Berths No. 2 and 3 have berthing distance of 257.6 meters (845 feet) with alongside depth of 12.2 meters (40 feet). A rail/truck pit at the rear of the berths serves the adjacent Building No. 3 which has storage capacity for 11 thousand tons of dry bulk material. There is about one hectare of open paved storage area at the wharf, and Berths 2 and 3 share the 28-acre open storage area mentioned under Berth No. 1 above. One surface rail track runs the length of the apron, and one rail track serves the car pit at the storage building. These tracks connect with the Industrial Rail Corridor.
The Port of Longview's Berth No. 5, the Petroleum Coke Wharf, is used to ship petroleum coke and logs. Berth No. 5 has berthing distance of 235.3 meters (722 feet) with alongside depth of 12.2 meters (40 feet). There are five storage tanks at the rear of the berth with total capacity for 44 thousand tons of petroleum coke. Logs are handled at this Port of Longview berth by ships' gear from vessels berthed at the wharf. Surface rail tracks at the rear storage tanks connect with the Industrial Rail Corridor.
Berths Nos. 6 and 7 in the Port of Longview ship and receive foreign and domestic conventional general cargo, containers, and roll-on/roll-off cargo trailers. The berths are also used to ship and receive logs and to receive miscellaneous bulk materials. The Port of Longview's Berths 6 and 7 have berthing distance of 457.2 meters (1500 feet) with alongside depth of 12.2 meters (40 feet). There are about five acres of open storage on the wharf and 33 acres of paved open storage area at the rear. The berths also have access to the 28-acre open storage area mentioned under Berth No. 1 above. The Port of Longview's Warehouse No. 8 is located at the upper end of Berth No. 7. These berths are served by three surface rail tracks on the apron and a platform-level rail track at the rear of the transit sheds. The rails connect with the Industrial Rail Corridor.
The Port of Longview's EGT Grain Terminal at Berth No. 9 began operating in early 2012 to serve US grain exporters seeking to meet increasing Asian demands. EGT is a joint venture between Bunge North America, Itochu International, and STX Pan Ocean). Chief Agricultural Negotiator for the Office of the United States Trade Representative, Islam Siddiqui, was the keynote speaker at the grand opening. Berth No. 9 features docks for barge unloading and ship loading. The Port of Longview owns the ship dock, and EGT owns the barge dock. The EGT can unload up to eight million tons per year of corn, soy beans, and wheat grown in US farms as far east as Minnesota. Exports leave this Port of Longview terminal bound for South Korea, China, and Japan. The EGT Grain Terminal has annual capacity to unload 600 mile-long train units and 500 barges, sending grain out on 200 ships each year. EGT has installed two state-of-the-art robots, an emerging technology, to open rail cars.
The Port of Longview is located within easy access of Interstate Highway 5, a major north-south trucking transportation trucking corridor. It is about 72 kilometers (45 miles) from the east-west Interstate Highway 84 in Oregon and about 193 kilometers (120 miles) from the east-west Interstate Highway 90 corridor in Washington State.
The Union Pacific and Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) Railway provide direct rail services to the Port of Longview's marine facilities and industrial sites. The Port of Longview developed the Industrial Rail Corridor, an alternative rail line, to provide direct and uninterrupted rail service to port customers. The 2.4-kilometer (1.5-mile) line connects the Port of Longview to the BNSF and parallels Interstate Highway 5.