The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey manages and operates the Port of New York. It is responsible for planning, administering, constructing, operating, and maintaining port infrastructure for the transportation network of the Port of New York and the bi-state region. The port authority is oversees the airports, the marine ports and terminals, the rail system, six tunnels, and bridges that link New York and New Jersey. The Port of New York and New Jersey is the busiest port on the United States' East Coast, and it is the third busiest in the Nation after Los Angeles and Long Beach.
The port authority for the Port of New York and New Jersey manages the port district which encompasses an area with a radius of about 40 kilometers (25 miles) radiating from the Statue of Liberty. The port district contains many facilities: Port Newark, the Howland Hook Marine Terminal, the Red Hook Container Terminal, the Elizabeth Port Authority Marine Terminal, the Brooklyn-Port Authority Marine Terminal, and the Port Jersey Port Authority Marine Terminal, among many others.
The port authority for the Port of New York operates and maintains public berths where shippers load and unload their cargoes. The Port of New York handles cargoes that include automobiles and bulk and breakbulk. Most of the space for containers is leased to private terminal operators. Established in 1921, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey was the first bi-state agency in the United States. It was created to tackle projects that neither state could accomplish on its own like developing the infrastructure for the harbor on which both ports were located.
The Port of New York and New Jersey's port authority has a goal to ensure a steady flow of containerships in the Port of New York and New Jersey, both today and tomorrow, in the Upper New York Bay. In keeping with this goal are today's projects to deepen the harbor areas to 15.2 meters (50 feet) and to address current height constraints presented by the Bayonne Bridge. The port authority for the Port of New York and New Jersey recently acquired waterfront property on the Port Jersey peninsula. They are expanding the Port Jersey-Port Authority Marine Terminal with this 98-acre tract to make it a high-capacity 170-acre container terminal.
In 2009, the Port of New York and New Jersey handled a total of 77.9 million tons of cargo, including over 58.6 million tons of imports and almost 19.3 million tons of exports. The total of 77.9 million tons included 28.2 million tons of general cargo and 49.7 million tons of bulk cargo. In 2009, cargoes through the Port of New York and New Jersey included about 4.6 million TEUs of containerized cargo and 617.8 thousand motor vehicles (including nearly 423.5 thousand imports and 194.4 thousand exports). The value of cargoes moving through the Port of New York and New Jersey was over US $146 billion.
The Port of New York Container Terminal also has four post-Panamax cranes, 63 yard tractors, 22 full-container-handlers, nine empty-container-handlers, many heavy-lift forklifts, and 42 stevedoring chassis. The Port of New York Container Terminal boasts 24 paperless computerized truck gates, a variety of computer-equipped vehicles. To ensure the quick movement of trucks in and out of the terminal, the Port of New York Container Terminal has 24 operable gates and 13 scales.
Paperless gate operations at this Port of New York terminal are accomplished by the use of an automated terminal control system, and customers are able to check the status of their shipments 24 hours a day via the Internet. The Port of New York Container Terminal has easy access to Interstate Highways 278, 95, 78, and 287 and to US Routes 1 and 9 and to State Highway 440. The Arlington Yard provides for stating inbound/outbound trains to and from the Port of New York Container Terminal. The yard can handle trains to 2743 meters (9000 feet) long.
In addition to facilities at the berths, the Port of New York Container Terminal includes an over 1.8 thousand meter (20 thousand square foot) deep-freeze warehouse, a 1.5-acre (6.1 thousand meter or 66 thousand square foot) refrigerated warehouse, a 3.6-thousand meter (39 thousand square foot) office building, and an almost 2.7 thousand square meter (over 28.7 thousand square foot) equipment maintenance and repair shop.
The Port of New York Container Terminal has recently undergone a US$32 million renovation effort and can handle up to 425 thousand containers each year. The terminal can accommodate three vessels at the same time at its berths. With 147 acres of open storage area for containers, the Port of New York Container Terminal also has an almost 4.6-acre warehouse area for stuffing and stripping.
The 80-acre Port of New York's Red Hook Container Terminal in Brooklyn handles containers and roll-on/roll-off and breakbulk cargoes. Operated by American Stevedoring Inc. (ASI), this Port of New York terminal includes 634 meters (2080 feet) of berths for containerships and 1039 meters (3410 feet) for breakbulk cargoes. The depth at the docks is 12.8 meters (42 feet) MLW.
This Port of New York Red Hook facility has six container cranes including two 60-ton, two 50-ton, and two 40-ton cranes. In addition to the cranes, the Red Hook Container Terminal in the Port of New York is equipped with 45-ton toploaders, three 26-ton forklifts, 22 54-inch paper clamps, 30 100-ton yard hustlers, and 73 reefer plugs.
The Port of New York's Red Hook Container Terminal in Brooklyn includes about 9.2 acres (37.1 thousand square meters or 400 thousand square feet) of warehouse space and two substantial bulk-handling yards. Services available at the Port of New York's Red Hook Container Terminal include on-site maintenance, repair, and reefers and roadability inspections.
ASI offers rail service to the Port of New York through ExpressRail Elizabeth. The Canadian Pacific, CSX, and Norfolk Southern railroads provide double-stack rail services carrying cargoes between the Port of New York and Eastern Canada, New England, and Pennsylvania as well as the United States' Midwest and Far West.
For information on the Port of New York and New Jersey container terminals located in the State of New Jersey, please refer to those article on the World Port Source website. These include the APM Terminals in Elizabeth and the Port Newark Container Terminal.
The area covered by the Port of New York and New Jersey is one of the world's biggest, most affluent, and most diverse consumer markets with high demand for a wide range of products from all over the world. That demand includes goods like produce from South America, cheeses from France, exotic Asian fruits, ice cream, meats, and juice concentrates. Products like this need special handling and storage facilities that are temperature-controlled, and the Port of New York provides them.
For information on the Port of New York and New Jersey bulk and breakbulk terminals located in the State of New Jersey, please refer to that article in the World Port Source website. They include the Global Marine Terminal in Jersey City and the Maher Terminal in Elizabeth.
The Port of New York's SBMT covers 74 acres and contains 213 meters (700 feet) of berths with alongside depth of 10.1 meters (33 feet) MLW. Operated by the Axis Group Inc. for handling import, export, and processing automobiles, the SBMT modernization project includes adding a new berth and three big pier sheds ranging from over 4.6 thousand square meters (50 thousand square feet) to almost 9.3 thousand square meters (100 thousand square feet). Total shed space available at the SBMT in the Port of New York is almost 4.6 acres (18.6 thousand square meters or 200 thousand square feet). Renovations also include rail access to the national rail freight system through the Bay Ridge Line and Fresh Pond Junction. Sims Metal Management will also use the Port of New York's SBMT for a new recycling facility serving New York City.
Located on the Bay Ridge Channel in Sunset Park, the Port of New York's SBMT was closed as a cargo terminal in the 1980s and used for the city's tow-pound facility. The Port of New York SBMT rehabilitation project undertaken by the New York City Economic Development Corporation includes three distinct projects for improving: the area covered by the Axis Group, rail infrastructure, and the Sims Recycling area.
Improvements of the Axis Group areas, scheduled for completion in late 2011, include modernizing electrical infrastructure, creating a new stevedoring work area, rebuilding the Port of New York's 39th Street Pier north face, and dredging the main berth to 10.1 meters (33 feet). Improvements to the rail infrastructure, also scheduled to be completed in late 2011, include new direct rail connection to SBMT along 1st Avenue and building new rail infrastructure inside this Port of New York terminal.
Internal Port of New York rail improvements include a new spur for breakbulk beside the SBMT's 39th Street shed, two new rail sidings for loading/unloading of auto racks, and a new rail connection for the Sims recycling facility. Improvements to the Sims recycling area of the SBMT include building an enclosed barge unloading facility, reconstructing the north and west faces of the 29th Street Pier, dredging the main berth to 3.7 meters (12 feet), regarding the 29th Street Pier, and modernizing the electrical infrastructure.
The Port of New York and New Jersey is North America's busiest port for import and export of automobiles. Two major vehicle terminals are located in the State of New Jersey. The Corbin Street Support Yard, part of ExpressRail in Elizabeth, is used for staging inbound/outbound trains carrying automobiles. The yard can accommodate four 3048-meter (ten thousand foot) trains at the same time. The Port of New York's Corbin Street Support Yard serves the Elizabeth terminals directly and provides connections to Staten Island, enabling combination of cars from all three rail facilities in the Port of New York and New Jersey.
For information on the Port of New York and New Jersey automobile terminals located in the State of New Jersey, please refer to that article in the World Port Source website. They include the Auto Marine Terminal in Jersey City and the Elizabeth Marine Terminal complex.
The New York City Economic Development Corporation owns, and Ports America operates the Manhattan Cruise Terminal. Located at the Port of New York's Piers 84 through 94 on Manhattan's West Side, just a few blocks from Times Square, the Manhattan Cruise Terminal is one of the United States busiest cruise terminals, and it is the major home port for cruise ships making trans-Atlantic crossings to/from Europe.
This Port of New York passenger terminal was born in the 1930s as the New York City Passenger Ship Terminal. During the early 20th Century, some of the world's most famous passenger ships docked at this Port of New York cruise terminal, so much so that it was called "Luxury Liner Row." It was also the embarkation point for thousands of GIs during World War II.
Today, the Manhattan Cruise Terminal in the Port of New York occupies Piers 88, 90, and 92. In 2004, the City of New York invested US$200 million in the Port of New York's Manhattan Cruise Terminal, renovating and expanding the terminal, adding modern gangways and pier aprons, and segregating embarking and disembarking passengers on separate levels to expedite traffic and reduce congestion. The Port of New York's Manhattan Cruise Terminal offers five 305-meter (1000-foot) berths that can accommodate the world's biggest cruise vessels.
Located in the Red Hook section of the borough, the Port of New York's full-service Brooklyn Cruise Terminal covers over four acres and can accommodate four thousand passengers. Jointly owned by the New York City Economic Development Corporation and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the Brooklyn Cruise Terminal opened in 2006 with the celebrated arrival of the RMS Queen Mary 2 in the Port of New York. Located on the Buttermilk Channel, this Port of New York terminal is across a tidal strait from Governor's Island. Originally a freight terminal, the Brooklyn Cruise Terminal in the Port of New York is home port for Carnival Cruise Lines (owner of Princess Cruises and Cunard).
The Cape Liberty Cruise Port in Bayonne, New Jersey, is operated by Cape Liberty Cruise Port LLC. For information on that facility, please refer to the World Port Source article on the Port of Bayonne.
McAllister Towing and Transportation has offered tugboat services to facilities in the Port of New York and New York Harbor since 1864. These New York-based tugs offer ship docking services, general harbor assistance, and offshore towing along the entire East Coast. Bouchard Transportation Company, based in Melville NY, is the only barge company in the State offering 24-hour services throughout the year. On the Port of New York's Staten Island, Miller's Tug & Barge serves customers in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. The company specializes in transporting passengers, towing, salvage support, surveying, controlling pollution, construction, and demolition in the Port of New York.
Launched in 2007, the ExpressRail Staten Island gives the Port of New York Container Terminal ship-to-rail service by linking to the Nation's rail freight network through five tracks. The 15.8 hectare Port of New York rail transfer yard can handle at least 100 thousand containers per year and has room for expanded services. ExpressRail provides dedicated rail facilities for each major container terminal in the Port of New York and New Jersey, including facilities in Elizabeth and Newark in New Jersey and Station Island in New York.
The Port of New York is a hub for trucking and road transport of cargoes. It gives shippers access 100 million consumers in the Northeast and in major cities that are within 700 miles of the Port of New York. However, the Port of New York and New Jersey is concerned about the volume of greenhouse gas emissions it contributes to the region. To reduce this impact, the Port of New York and New Jersey is implementing a truck phase-out. Since January 2011, old drayage trucks are not allowed to access the Port of New York's marine terminals. Trucks whose engines do not meet federal 2007 model year emission standards will be denied access to the Port of New York after January 2017.
The Port of New York and New Jersey is also working to reduce environmental problems and highway congestion by redeveloping the Greenville Yards in Jersey City and by converting a brownfield site on Staten Island to Howland Hook, one of the port's new intermodal terminals. To increase that terminal's capacity, the Port of New York plans to expand the yard and add a fourth berth.
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey is also responsible for the regional airport system that adds cargo-movement capacity and plays an important role in the United States' international traffic. With over 3200 flights each day from the Port of New York and New Jersey to almost 250 cities around the world, port authority airports moved almost two million tons of air cargo in 2009. The air cargo functions of the Port of New York and New Jersey complement and support the port's marine cargo functions. JFK International Airport is one of the busiest international air cargo centers in the world. Newark Liberty has a 290-acre cargo-handling area adjacent to the Port of New York and New Jersey's Foreign Trade Zone 49.
Located within the Ports of Newark and Elizabeth in New Jersey, Foreign Trade Zone 49 is one of the country's biggest contiguous foreign trade zones. It is home to importers and processors of motor vehicles, operators of multiple-use warehouses, and an importer of frozen orange juice concentrates. It also supports businesses involved a wide range of industries including pharmaceuticals, manufacturing, chemicals, and petroleum products, among many others. Please refer to the World Port Source articles on the ports of Newark and Elizabeth to learn more about this foreign trade zone.
At least 15 distribution and warehousing centers support the Port of New York and New Jersey. These logistics centers are among the biggest and busiest transportation facilities in the United States, and they are the gateway to a regional market with 21 million consumers and with a consumer market of 100 million within one day's reach. Most of these facilities are located in Newark and Elizabeth, but three are in the Port of New York. Operating the Port of New York's Red Hook Container Terminal in Brooklyn, American Stevedoring manages almost 9.2 acres of warehouse space for customers of the Port of New York.
RPM Warehouse Inc. is a public warehousing and transportation company with more than one million square feet (almost 23 acres) of food-grade and general warehouse space in the Port of New York and New Jersey and in the Port of Norfolk, Virginia. Its facilities in the Port of New York on Staten Island handle a wide range of goods including, but not limited to, tea, green coffee beans, liquor, spices, non-perishable grocery goods, paper goods, and lumber. This Port of New York warehouse is certified to store and process organic foodstuffs, and it offers additional services like repackaging and bulking and blending tea and coffee.
The Port of New York Container Terminal on Staten Island has almost 9.6 acres of general warehouse space for general cargo and an additional 1.9 acres of temperature-controlled storages. This Port of New York terminal offers on-site US Customs exams, and there is an on-site Agriculture Quarantine Inspection station that helps expedite the shipment of agricultural goods. Their on-site vehicle and cargo inspection system streamlines the customs process. The Port of New York Container Terminal also has on-site cross-dock container stuffing and stripping services and rapid truck loading/unloading capacity.
In 2010, the Port of New York and New Jersey handled almost 231.5 thousand TEUs of temperature-controlled containerized cargo. The Port of New York and New Jersey combined marine terminals have over 4200 reefer plugs and additional capacity for mobile units. They are equipped with detailed Internet-based reefer monitoring systems, and they are operated by warehouse operators that specialize in frozen and refrigerated cargoes. These capacities extend to dry cargo as well.