The Jacksonville Port Authority (JAXPORT) is a modern corporation governed by a Board of Directors. It manages and markets the port, plans and executes port improvements, operates and secures terminals, manages cruise operations, administers finances and procurements, handles government and external relations, and promotes trade. JAXPORT owns and operates three public marine terminals and one cruise terminal in the Port of Jacksonville.
The Port of Jacksonville generates some $2.7 billion each year to Northeast Florida's economy, including $1.3 billion in wages, $743 million in business revenues, $239 million in local purchases, $119 million in state and local taxes, and $258 million in customs revenues.
In 2008, the Port of Jacksonville served 1827 cargo vessels carrying a total of almost 8.4 million tons of cargo, including more than 697 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo and 656.8 thousand automobiles. Cargoes included 3.6 million tons of containerized cargo, nearly 2.5 million tons of bulk cargo, almost 1.4 million of automobiles, and over 952.5 thousand tons of breakbulk cargoes. In 2008, the Port of Jacksonville welcomed 50 cruise vessel calls carrying over 76 thousand embarking passengers.
The Port of Jacksonville's Blount Island Marine Terminal is a 305-hectare container terminal and one of the country's biggest centers for handling vehicles in the United States. It also handles breakbulk and general cargoes. With a total 1.6 kilometers of berths, the terminal includes 22.3 thousand square meters of transit shed and an 8.4 thousand square meter Container Freight Station. This Port of Jacksonville facility offers quick access to several major highways, including I-95 (running along the US East Coast) and I-10 (running through the southern United States). The terminal is served by on-dock rail run by the CSX Corporation.
The 70-hectare Talleyrand Marine Terminal in the Port of Jacksonville has a total of almost 1.5 kilometers of berthing space with alongside depth of over 11.5 meters, and a current dredging project will increase that depth to 12.2 meters. The Talleyrand Marine Terminal handles containers, breakbulk, liquid bulk, and general cargoes as well as imported automobiles. Breakbulk cargoes include steel, paper, lumber, and chilled and frozen goods. Liquid bulk cargoes include vegetable oil and turpentine. This Port of Jacksonville terminal has 1.5 hectares of transit shed with facilities for refrigerated and frozen cargoes. It also has a 70-hectare warehouse for a range of cargoes that includes rolls of specialty papers and newsprint. On-dock rail services are managed by Talleyrand Terminal Railroad, Inc. with connections to the Norfolk Southern and CSX railroads. It is also located near Interstates -95 and -10.
The 237-hectare Dames Point Marine Terminal is the newest marine facility in the Port of Jacksonville. The Dames Point terminal handles containers, bulk cargoes, and cruise vessels. Located on the harbor's main shipping channel, it is almost 19 kilometers from the Atlantic Ocean. The Dames Point Marine Terminal in the Port of Jacksonville offers over 1.5 kilometers of berths with alongside depth of 12.2 meters. The 64-hectare TraPac Container Terminal is located here, serving vessels from Japan's Mitsui OSK Lines and other container carriers that travel ports throughout Asia. The Port of Jacksonville's TraPac terminal offers modern infrastructure and facilities that include two 365.8-meter long berths. Planned to open in 2013, a new 36-hectare Hanjin Container Terminal is being constructed northwest of the TraPac terminal. The Dames Point Marine Terminal in the Port of Jacksonville also includes sites that handle bulk aggregate materials.
The Port of Jacksonville began operating the St. John's River Ferry Service in 2007. The service is a 1.5 kilometer trip across the St. John's River, connecting the north and south ends of Florida State Road A1A and linking Mayport Village and Fort George Island to the mainland. The Ferry saves drivers a 45-kilometer trip across the Dames Point Bridge.
Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) 64 in the Port of Jacksonville occupies hundreds of acres at the Blount Island Marine Terminal and the Talleyrand Marine Terminal. Additional space is available at the Jacksonville International Airport. The Port of Jacksonville is currently expanding the FTZ to the Dames Point Marine Terminal area and to area industrial parks.
The JAXPORT Cruise Terminal is a temporary 5.8 thousand square meter facility near the Port of Jacksonville's Dames Point terminal. Carnival Cruises operates offices within the terminal building. Customs, border, and homeland security services also operate at the terminal. The Cruise berth is Berth 10, which is 390.1 meters long with alongside depth of 12.5 meters. Today, vessels calling at the Port of Jacksonville Cruise Terminal must pass under electric power lines and the Dames Point Bridge, and over 80% of vessels are too tall to make that trip. The Port of Jacksonville is now reviewing options for a permanent cruise terminal that will not have height restrictions.