Port of Odessa
Port Commerce

The Odessa Commercial Sea Port is one of the Black Sea's biggest ports, so busy, in fact, that an outport, the Port of Illichivsk, was established in 1857 to handle the volumes of cargo that the Port of Odessa could not accommodate.

In 2008, the Port of Odessa handled a total of over 34.5 million tons of cargos, including 17.4 million tons of dry cargo and 17.1 million tons of liquid cargoes.

The facilities at the Port of Odessa have capacity to handle over 18 million tons of dry cargo and 25 million tons of liquid cargo each year. The Port of Odessa handles a wide range of cargoes including oils, condensed gas, containers, metals, ores, raw sugar, grain, paper, and perishable cargoes.

The 133.3-hectare Port of Odessa contains eight cargo-handling complexes, including a modern container terminal with capacity for over 500 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo and a Special (free) Economic Zone. There are 54 berths in the Port of Odessa with quays of over nine thousand meters that can accommodate vessels up 100 thousand tons and up to 300 meters in length with maximum draft of 13 meters. The Port of Odessa's Passenger Terminal, located in the city's historic district, is the largest in Ukraine with capacity for cruise vessels up to 300 meters long and serves up to four million passengers a year.

The Transit-Cargo Terminal in the Port of Odessa operates 24 hours a day and maintains a six-hour turnaround time on containers passing through the port. The terminal includes two warehouses, each covering over two thousand square meters with capacity for 3650 pallets or packages. The warehouses can serve nine trucks at the same time, and they are equipped with state-of-the-art security, fire protection, and ventilation systems.

The Port of Odessa's Universal Handling Complex No. 11 (called the PHC complex) began operating in 2003. The complex specializes in handling metal products, general cargo, sawn timber, bulk cargoes, foodstuffs, and containers. The complex has three cargo berths from 170 to 185 meters in length with alongside depth of up to 10 meters. This Port of Odessa complex is equipped to handle long-length and heavy-weight cargoes in containers. In the future, the Port of Odessa will further develop the berths to handle greater volumes of general cargoes and containers.

The Port of Odessa's Shipyard Ukraine repairs ships of all kinds up to 30 thousand DWT. The dockyards have existed as long as the city of Odessa, and some of the USSR's greatest ships were repaired there. Today, 75-thousand square meter Shipyard Ukraine serves ships from all countries. Its berths are a total of 1230 meters long. The ship-repair berths are 570 meters long with alongside depth of 7.1 meters, and the shipyard is equipped with six 10-30-ton gantry cranes as well as ample equipment and a railway spur line.

The PHC wharves in the Port of Odessa handle a wide range of cargoes. PHC-1, Berth 2 specializes in containers. The berth is 310 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 12.3 meters. The Port of Odessa's PHC-7, Berths 3 and 4 handle bulk grain, iron ore, ferroalloys, cast iron, and rolled ferrous metals. Berth 3 is 230 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 11.8 meters, and Berth 4 is 270 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 11.5 meters.

PHC-2 in the Port of Odessa, Berths 7 and 8 specialize in rolled ferrous metals, bulk grain, equipment, and cast iron. Berth 7 is 350 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 11.5 meters, and Berth 8 is 280 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 9.3 meters.

The Port of Odessa's PHC-3, Berths 10-13 specialize in handling rolled ferrous metal, cast iron in bulk, and paper. Berth 10 is 270 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 11.3 meters. Berth 11 is 810 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 11.5 meters. Berth 12 is 200 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 11.5 meters, and Berth 13 is 200 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 11.7 meters.

PHC-6, Berth 14 in the Port of Odessa handles rolled ferrous metal, cast iron in bulk, sawn timber, and general cargoes. The berth is 270 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 9.9 meters.

The Port of Odessa's PHC-4, Berths 22, 25, and 26 handle rolled ferrous metal, refrigerated and food cargoes, general cargoes, cast iron in bulk, ferroalloys, iron ore, and equipment. Berth 22 is 150 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 8.9 meters. Berths 25 and 26 are each 200 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 10 meters.

Specializing in bulk grain, raw sugar, rolled metal, iron ore, and equipment, the Port of Odessa's PHC-5, Berths 29-33 are a total of 915 meters long. Berth 29 is 255 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 12.5 meters. Berth 30 is 160 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 9.7 meters. Berth 31 is 160 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 10.1 meters. Berth 32 is 170 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 10.9 meters, and Berth 33 is 170 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 11.6 meters.

The Port of Odessa's PHC-11, Berths 4z, 5z, and 17z specialize in handling rolled ferrous metal, general cargoes, sawn timber, and foods. It also provides the service of stuffing and unstuffing containers. Berth 4z also handles vegetable and tropical oils and bulk fats. Berth 4z is 180 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 9.5 meters. Berth 5z is 180 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 6 meters, and Berth 17z is 150 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 6.4 meters.

The Port of Odessa's Oil and Gas Terminal is the Ukraine's largest oil harbor and handles all types of import and export oils products and condensed gas. The berths in the Port of Odessa's oil harbor can handle tankers with capacity from one thousand to 90 thousand tons.

At 230 meters long with alongside depth of 12.3 meters, the Port of Odessa's Oil Terminal Berth 1 can accommodate vessels up to 240 meters long. Berth 1 handles oil, fuel oil, and vacuum gas oil. Berth 2 can handle vessels of 250 meters in length. The berth is 270 meters long with alongside depth of 12.5 meters. Berth 4, at 120 meters long with alongside depth of 9.8 meters, can accommodate vessels to 175 meters in length.

Berth 5 in the Oil Terminal at the Port of Odessa is 240 meters long with alongside depth of 11.6 meters, and it can accommodate vessels to 240 meters long. At 150 meters long with alongside depth of 4.8 meters, Berth 6 can accommodate vessels to 125 meters in length. Berth 7 is 175 meters long with alongside depth of 8.5 meters, and it can accommodate vessels to 135 meters long.

Berths 1 and 2 handle oil, fuel, oil, and vacuum gas oil. Berth 4 handles diesel oil, fuel oil, vacuum gas oil, and condensed gas. Berth 5 handles oil, gasoline, diesel oil, fuel oil, vacuum gas oil, and petrol. Berth 6 handles gasoline and diesel oil, and Berth 7 handles condensed gas.

Oil cargoes are moved through specialized pipelines that connect the berths to tanks. The tanks have capacity for 245 thousand cubic meters of light or dark oil, 304 thousand cubic meters of fuel oil and vacuum gas oil, 112 cubic meters of diesel oil, and 10 thousand cubic meters of gasoline. The tank bases have rail sidetracks and overpasses. A common gas terminal is located three kilometers from the oil harbor with capacity to handle 700 thousand tons of condensed gas per year, and the oil harbor can handle a total of 25.5 million ton of crude oil and oil products per year. This includes 15.3 million tons of oil, 6.2 million tons of fuel oil, 2.5 million tons of diesel oil, and 800 thousand tons of other oil products.

The Port of Odessa contains one of the finest passenger terminals in the world. Located just four kilometers from the central railway station and eight kilometers from the airport, the Port of Odessa Passenger Terminal is in the heart of the city's historic district. The passenger terminal includes a marine art gallery, a four-star hotel complex, a concert and exhibition hall, a yacht complex, and offices of many travel agencies. About four million people pass through the Passenger Terminal each year traveling on cruise vessels from the United States, Britain, Germany, Norway, and Italy.

The Passenger Terminal in the Port of Odessa can accommodate five vessels at one time. Its seven piers are a total of 1370 meters long with depths from 9.5 to 11.5 meters. Inside the terminal are restaurants, banking stations, post office, and ticket offices for rail and air transport.

Berth 5 in the Port of Odessa's Passenger Terminal is 130 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 10 meters. Berth 16 is 280 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 11.3 meters. Berth 18 is 200 meters long with maximum permissible draft of 9.8 meters. Berth 19 is 200 meters long maximum permissible draft of 9.6 meters. Berth 20 is 160 meters long maximum permissible draft of 7.3 meters. Berth 21 is 150 meters long maximum permissible draft of 8.5 meters, and Berth 23 is 240 meters long maximum permissible draft of 9.3 meters.

The Exhibition and Concert Hall in the Passenger Terminal at the Port of Odessa covers 4.5 thousand square meters. It has a 140 square meter stage, seats for an audience of 500, eight make-up rooms, and a powerful Electrovoice sound system. The Diving Center in the Port of Odessa's Passenger Terminal offers diving equipment, instructors, excursions to the over 50 sunken ships and natural areas in the area. The bars and restaurants in the Passenger Terminal at the Port of Odessa offer national cuisine, live music, and dancing.

The Port of Odessa's Marine Art Gallery in the Passenger Terminal covers an exhibition area of 1070 square meters and is located at the shoreline. Its exhibits contain painting, sculpture, and graphic arts related to the sea created by artists from Ukraine and other countries. It also has space for meetings and conferences.

In the Passenger Terminal complex is St. Nicholas Church, the first church for seamen in the Port of Odessa. The church was founded in 1801 and rebuilt in the Passenger Terminal in 1993 in front of the Yacht Complex. It contains a library of Orthodox literature and a chapel where seamen and travelers can ask St. Nicholas, the patron saint for sailors, for protection as they set sail.

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