The General Directorate of Turkish State Railways (TCDD) is the port authority for the Port of Izmir. As the third largest city in Turkey and an important business center as well as the urban center of a large industrial and agricultural region, the Port of Izmir plays a vital role in the country's economy and export trade. The Port of Izmir handles all types of cargo, and it is well connected with Turkey's rail and highway networks.
In 2007, the Port of Izmir handled a total of almost 12.1 million tons of cargo, including 7.8 million tons of exports and 4.3 million tons of imports. This total included over 3.2 million tons of general and dry bulk cargoes and 8.9 million tons of containerized cargo in 898 TEUs.
The outer harbor of the Port of Izmir is 300 meters outside the old port breakwater and provides ample space for vessels to anchor. Two anchorage areas serve the Port of Izmir: one anchorage area west of Yenikale has depths of around 32 meters, and the second are in the middle-harbor area off the old breakwater has depths from 14 to 16 meters. Pilotage is required for all vessels leaving or entering the Port of Izmir, and the services provided by the Turkish Maritime Organization are available 24 hours a day. The main entrance to the inner harbor of the old port is 39.6 meters wide and 12.19 meters deep.
Vessels access the Port of Izmir from the Aegean Sea through the Izmir Inlet, with depths from 46 to 73 meters. The Port Authority recommends the use of radar to fix a vessel's position in the inlet, and it advises that there may be significant differences between charted depths and actual depth soundings between the approach and the middle harbor anchorage. The Port of Izmir's Port Authority also warns that areas adjacent to the channel may present significant dangers, as merchant ships have gone aground in the area of the Pelikan bank and hear Yenikale. Vessels should also give wide berth to Cakal Burnu point.
The cargo-handling facilities in the Port of Izmir include 24 berths with a total length of 3.3 thousand meters. The berths are well-equipped to handle all types of cargo with a 200-ton capacity floating crane, five 40-ton quayside gantry cranes, nine shore cranes, and 14 mobile cranes as well as numerous stackers, forklifts, loaders, and trailers.
The Port of Izmir also has ample storage facilities, with almost 216 thousand square meters of open yards and almost 27 thousand square meters of covered areas, including a warehouse for hazardous cargoes. With daily loading capacity of from 750 to 1000 tons per 8-hour shift, the bulk cargo facilities include a 76-thousand ton capacity grain silo with a conveyor that delivers from 2.5 to 3 thousand tons per day.
The Port of Izmir's Container Terminal has seven berths with alongside depth of 13 meters. The berths total 1050 meters, and the container terminal covers 152 thousand square meters. The terminal has holding capacity for 7074 TEUs, and the quays are served by five 40-ton capacity gantry cranes. Reefer facilities for refrigerated containers are available.
The Port of Izmir also has ship repair shops that perform engine and deck repairs, basic metal working and electrical work, and carpentry.
Berths 1 and 2 in the Port of Izmir serve passengers. Berth 1 is 140 meters long with alongside depth of 8 meters, and Berth 2 is 190 meters long with alongside depth of 8.5 meters. Berth 3 handles dry bulk and roll-on/roll-off cargos. It is 150 meters long with alongside depth of 10.5 meters.
The Port of Izmir's Berths 4-12 total 1065 meters in length and handle general cargo. Berths 4, 5, and 6 are 345 meters in length with alongside depth of 10.5 meters. Berths 7, 8, and 9 are 372 meters long with alongside depth of 9.5 meters. Berths 10, 11, and 12 are 348 meters long with alongside depth of 8 meters.
Berths 13-19 in the Port of Izmir handle containers and roll-on/roll-off cargoes, and they all have alongside depth of 13 meters. Berths 13, 14, 15, and 16 are 600 meters long, and roll-on/roll-off facilities are available at these berths. At 600 meters long, Berths 17, 18, and 19 handle both containers and roll-on/roll-off cargoes.
The Port of Izmir's Berths 20, 21, 22, and 23 handle general cargo. They are 360 meters long with alongside depth of 13 meters. Berth 24, at 360 meters long with alongside depth of 10 meters, handles dry bulk cargoes.