Luka Koper D.D. is the port authority for the Port of Koper. Luka Koper is a public limited company and a major contributor to the regional economy. The company provides logistics and port services, strives to improve the quality of life for the city and employees, and plays a major role in international trade and operations. Luka Koper is responsible for cargo-handling and warehousing for a wide range of goods, and it manages the commercial zone. The company develops and maintains the Port of Koper’s infrastructure.
In the future, Luka Koper will construct a new entrance at the Port of Koper for cargo traffic that includes a truck terminal. They will build storage buildings for cars to achieve covered space for 100 thousand cars. The Port of Koper’s Pier I will be expanded to include two post-Panamax ship-to-shore cranes and have capacity to handle 600 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo, and a new container Pier III will be added with two post-Panamax cranes that will increase the port’s capacity to handle one million TEUs of containerized cargo per year.
At Pier II, Luka Koper will add a new modern warehouse at the Port of Koper for dry and liquid bulk cargoes, new tanks for oil derivatives, and a new berth and warehouse for steel products. The Port of Koper’s European Energy Terminal will be covered to eliminate dust coming from the coal and iron ore operations. Luka Koper will also add municipal berths and a new sports center at Sat San Catharina. Finally, they will build a modern logistics center, a car terminal, and multi-purpose warehouses on 900 thousand square meters at the inland terminal in Sezana.
In 2008, the Port of Koper handled a total of over 16 million tons of cargo, including dry bulk (7.9 million tons), containers (3.0 million tons in 353.9 thousand TEUs), liquid bulk (2.9 million tons), general cargo (1.5 million tons), and 568.9 thousand vehicles (816.2 thousand tons). Of the 16 million tons of cargo, 12.3 million tons was imported and 3.7 million tons was exported.
The Port of Koper’s Container and Roll-on/Roll-off Terminal has three berths totaling 596 meters in length with maximum allowed draft of 11.4 meters. The terminal is connected to almost 2 thousand meters of railway tracks. This Port of Koper terminal can store up to 12.4 thousand TEUs at one time and includes 300 reefer outlets. The terminal covers 200 thousand square meters and has 123.5 thousand square meters of stacking area. The Container and Roll-on/Roll-off Terminal has capacity to handle more than 550 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo. It is equipped with four STS Panamax cranes, ten rubber-tired gantry cranes with capacity for 45 tons in the storage area, and two rubber-tired gantry cranes with capacity for 35 tons at the railway tracks. Port of Koper customers can get a variety of services at the terminal including stripping, stuffing, disinfection, chemical or steam cleaning, pre-trip inspections, container repair and maintenance, and 24-hour monitoring of reefer containers. The container terminal has weekly lines to the Far East and feeder services with important Mediterranean ports.
The Car Terminal in the Port of Koper contains paved, fenced, and lighted storage facilities as well as a five-story parking building with spaces for six thousand cars. The area is protected by 24-hour video surveillance. The quay is 800 meters long and contains seven berths, four roll-on/roll-off ramps, and six railway ramps. The Port of Koper Car Terminal contains 850 thousand square meters of open storage areas with capacity for 50 thousand cars, 105.1 thousand square meters of covered storage with capacity for over five thousand cars. The Car Terminal can handle 600 thousand units per year.
The Fruit Terminal at the Port of Koper is equipped with computerized storage areas with temperature, humidity, and circulation controls that can maintain freshness over long periods of time. The Fruit Terminal handles primarily bananas, citrus fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and frozen fish and meats. The Fruit Terminal has a 450 meter long quay and three berths with alongside depths from 8 to 11 meters. The Port of Koper Fruit Terminal has temperature-controlled warehouse space of 18.6 thousand square meters and refrigerated spaces of two thousand square meters for deep-freezing. It also has a banana-ripening facility that can accommodate 1.8 thousand tons per month. The Fruit Terminal can handle one thousand tons of break bulk per day, two thousand pallets per day, and three vessels at the same time.
The Port of Koper’s Timber Terminal handles mainly sawn wood and semi-finished wood products. Equipped with large areas of covered storage, the favorable climate at the Port of Koper allows for natural drying and higher-quality timber. The Timber Terminal has capacity for one million cubic meters per year. It has 60.5 thousand square meters of covered storage and 58.5 thousand square meters of open storage for timber. The Port of Koper’s Timber Terminal is equipped with three soaking facilities for anti-stain treatments and a drying facility with two cambers with capacity for 55 cubic meters.
The Minerals Terminal at the Port of Koper handles industrial minerals and other bulk goods like bauxite, cement, borax, clinker, phosphates, perlite, ilmenite, scrap, and sintermagnesite. This Port of Koper terminal can load/unload up to four train-sets per day. The 525-meter-long quay has three berths with alongside depths from six to 12.5 meters. The Minerals Terminal offers open storage facilities for 40 thousand tons and closed/covered storage for 80 thousand tons.
The Port of Koper’s Cereals and Fodder Terminal specializes in handling cereals, seeds, legumes, processed soya, and other food products. Silo and flat stores are available with computer-controlled monitoring and commercial scales. The quay is 500 meters long with alongside depth of 13.5 meters. The Port of Koper silo has capacity to store 60 thousand tons, and the flat stores can handle 55 thousand tons. The terminal also offers fumigation, separation, mixing, and other services for these cargoes.
The Alumina Terminal at the Port of Koper handles and stores the sandy type of alumina. It is equipped with an unloading machine and a closed conveyor belt system feeding into a 20-thousand-ton capacity silo and wagon-loading system. The quay is 250 meters long with one berth with alongside depth of 14 meters.
The Port of Koper’s European Energy Terminal handles and warehouses coal and iron oil. With a 3-berth, 630-meter long quay that serves vessels with up to 17.2 meters draft, the terminal is equipped with two 15-ton gantry cranes and two 32-ton bridge cranes. Daily capacity for unloading of cargoes is 17 thousand tons for coal on cape-sized vessels, 15 thousand tons of coal on Panamax vessels, and 25 thousand tons of iron ore on cape-size vessels. Daily loading capacity is 10 thousand tons of coal on handy size vessels and barges. The Port of Koper’s European Energy Terminal has capacity to store up to 500 thousand tons of coal and up to 300 thousand tons of iron ore. In addition, the terminal offers blending, crushing, and screening services. Luka Koper D.D. is extremely aware of the environmental aspects of operating this terminal in the Port of Koper and follows an intricate system of measures to protect the environment and minimize dust.
The Liquid Cargo Terminal at the Port of Koper specializes in handling and warehousing chemicals, minerals, and vegetable oils. The terminal offers 43 shore tanks with capacity from 300 to 20 thousand cubic meters of liquid cargo, with a total capacity for 110 thousand cubic meters. It has 28 mild steel shore tanks (10 of them with epoxy-coated insides), ten stainless steel tanks, and six reinforced polyester tanks. The terminal has four berths with alongside depths from 12 to 13 meters (-1 meter for dangerous cargoes).
The Port of Koper’s Livestock Terminal has stalls and related equipment for handling and care of livestock. Physically separate from the rest of the Port of Koper, the Livestock Terminal strives to give animals pleasant and calm transshipment to assure their well-being. The terminal also has modern washing and disinfection facilities for trucks, trailers, and other equipment. The Livestock Terminal has one berth with sea depths from 4 to 8 meters and two stables. It has capacity to store 1300 head of cattle at any one time.
The Passenger Terminal at the Port of Koper is at the beginning stages, but it is already receiving cruise ships from the Adriatic and Mediterranean Seas. The Port of Koper expects 70 to 80 vessel calls and from 25 to 30 thousand passengers per year.