The Sea Ports Corporation (SPC) is the port authority for Port Sudan. SPC was created in 1974 as an independent Sudanese maritime Body responsible for building, developing, and maintaining the country’s ports, harbors, and lighthouses. The Board of Directors at Khartoum oversees the work of the General Manager who runs day-to-day Port Sudan operations.
In 2007, Port Sudan handled a total of almost eight million metric tons of cargo, including 1.7 million tons of imports and 6.2 million tons of exports. Port Sudan handled over two million TEUs of containerized cargo, including 1.5 million TEUs for export and 588 thousand TEUs for import. Port Sudan also handled more than 1.3 million metric tons of petroleum in 2007, including 760.4 thousand tons of exports and 550.9 thousand tons of imports. Port Sudan’s primary exports are cotton, oilseed, senna, gum Arabic, and hides and skins. Its major imports include fuel oil, machinery, construction materials, and vehicles.
Port Sudan is divided into two components. The North quays include 11 berths of a total 1663 meters long with alongside depths from 8.7 to 10.7 meters. They handle primarily general cargo, edible oils, and molasses. The five berths that handle general cargo and molasses are a total of 822 meters long with alongside depths from 8.7 to 10.7 meters. Four berths of 365.8 meters with alongside depth of 10.7 meters handle general cargo and edible oils. Two Port Sudan berths handling sea bulk cement in the North quays are 98.3 meters long with alongside depth of 8.7 meters. The North quays have 27 stores covering a total of 57 thousand square meters, and they can handle up to five million tons of cargo per year. The North quays also include two berths of 122 meters with alongside depth of 6.1 meters for barges used to export livestock.
With four berths at a total 733 meters long with alongside depths from 10.7 to 12.6 meters, the Port Sudan South Quays handle containers, petroleum, and bulk grains. The Southern port covers about 400 thousand square meters and has capacity to handle three million tons of cargo per year. At 198.6 meters long with alongside depth of 10.7 meters, Berth 15 handles bulk grains. Port Sudan’s Berth 16 handles roll-on/roll-off cargoes and tankers with a 128 meter long berthing position with alongside depth of 10.7 meters. The South quay also contains two container and tanker berths of 426.8 meters with alongside depth of 12.6 meters.