The Kaliningrad Port Authorities are responsible for managing and regulating the Port of Kaliningrad. The Port of Kaliningrad is accessed from the Baltic Sea through a 24 nautical mile canal to Kaliningrad Bay. Maximum permissible draft for vessels using the canal is 8 meters, and maximum beam is 25 meters. Maximum permissible length in the Port of Kaliningrad for dry cargo vessels is 170 meters and for tankers is 140 meters. Due to wind conditions, maximum drafts can range above and below 8 meters, so it is important to check with port officials before entering the canal.
Traffic in the Port of Kaliningrad canal is one way by a schedule based on local time: inward from 0300 to 0400 and from 1500 to 1600 hours and outward from 0800 to 1100 and from 2000 to 2300. Vessels greater than 135 meters long can only use the Port of Kaliningrad canal during daylight, and the schedule is adjusted for them. Pilotage through the canal is required, and any cargo operations in the canal entry area must be approved beforehand.
The Port of Kaliningrad is accessible throughout the year without the use of ice-breakers. While some ice occasionally forms in the Port of Kaliningrad canal, the Port Authority uses a tug to clear it for small vessel convoys. However, this is an unusual event, having happened last in 1997.
Three stevedoring companies in the Port of Kaliningrad operate their own facilities for handling and storing cargo. Other independent companies use the port's infrastructure. The Kaliningrad Sea Commercial Port is the main cargo-handling company in the Port of Kaliningrad, and it handles general, bulk, containerized, and roll-on/roll-off cargoes. The Port of Kaliningrad operates customs offices in the Sea Commercial Port and Fishery Port and at the terminals in Baltiysk and Svetly. The Port of Kaliningrad is located about 18 kilometers from the Kaliningrad Airport, and it has access to Europe's rail and road networks.
The Port of Kaliningrad's Commercial Port has berths totaling over three thousand meters in length, shed space of 44 thousand square meters, including four thousand square meters of refrigerated shed for fruit, and open storage areas of 210 thousand square meters. The Port of Kaliningrad has daily capacity to handle up to 2500 tons of general cargo, five thousand tons of metal slabs, three thousand tons of grain, four thousand tons of coal, and five thousand tons of bulk fertilizers.
The TransBaltService Terminal is located at Berth 16 in the Port of Kaliningrad Commercial Port. The terminal can accommodate vessels to 135 meters in length and 17 meters with maximum draft of 7.4 meters. Larger vessels must have prior approval from the Port of Kaliningrad Harbor Master to dock at the terminal, and tugs are required for all vessels mooring at the pier. This Port of Kaliningrad terminal has storage capacity for eight thousand tons and loading capacity for up to one thousand cubic meters per hour.
The State Fishery Port in the Port of Kaliningrad handles general cargoes, bagged cargoes, roll-on/roll-off cargoes, bulk fertilizer exports, liquid fertilizer, and oil. Most general cargoes consist of frozen fish and meat. The State Fishery Port has a total of 3.1 kilometers of berths with maximum draft of 8.2 meters. The Port of Kaliningrad's State Fishery Port has 60 thousand square meters of shed space, including 20 thousand square meters of refrigerated sheds, and open storage of 80 thousand square meters. The State Fishery Port also has tank capacity for 70 thousand cubic meters. The liquid terminal at the Port of Kaliningrad's State Fishery Port includes three complexes with capacity for about 32 thousand tons of cargo. The bulk terminal also contains three complexes. The Port of Kaliningrad container complex includes two roll-on/roll-off berths, and all berths have two rail tracks. The Port of Kaliningrad's State Fishery Port has about 10 thousand square meters of container sites. The port also contains two oil terminal berths.
The Port of Svetly is located in the middle of the Port of Kaliningrad Sea Channel and handles fuel oil, coal, and frozen products. It also has a small ship repair yard. The Port of Svetly has maximum draft of from 4.5 to 5.5 meters.
Located at Svetly about midway in the canal, the Port of Kaliningrad's LukOil Terminal loads export oil cargoes. With three loading berths and storage capacity for about 120 thousand cubic meters, the LukOil Terminal has loading capacity of about one thousand cubic meters per hour. The Port of Kaliningrad's LukOil Terminal can accommodate tankers of up to 170 meters with maximum draft of 9.4 for outward passage in laden condition.
The Sodruzhestvo-Soya Terminal in the Port of Kaliningrad is located adjacent to the LukOil Terminal about 14 nautical miles from the Port of Kaliningrad's canal entrance. Handling soy oils, soya beans, and soya meal, the terminal can accommodate vessels to 186 meters long with maximum draft of 9.4 meters.
The Port of Kaliningrad's River Port handles mostly coal exports. Located on the upper river, the River Port is restricted to smaller vessels. The berth is 201 meters long, and the Port of Kaliningrad River Port uses another 130 meter berth in Svetly. The main berth on the upper river has capacity to store 35 thousand tons of coal, and the Svetly berth has capacity for 19 thousand tons.
With tank storage capacity of about 35 thousand cubic meters, the Port of Kaliningrad Oil Terminal's berth is about 310 meters long. The terminal has loading capacity for about eight thousand cubic meters per day. The BNK Baltiysk Oil Handling Terminal in the Port of Kaliningrad has one loading berth with capacity to store about 15 thousand cubic meters of cargo and to load up to 600 cubic meters per hour.
The Baltiysk Ferry Terminal in the Port of Kaliningrad handles roll-on/roll-off cargoes. The Port of Kaliningrad has weekly container and breakbulk services to/from Kiel, Germany, and Kolding, Denmark, through the TransMarine Line. North-Western Shipping Lines operates a weekly container service between the Port of Kaliningrad and Rotterdam and Antwerp. Five feeder service calls per week to/from Klaipeda State Seaport, Rotterdam, Bremerhaven, Hamburg, Felixstowe (England), and Antwerp are operated by the Kursiu Linija Line. Transrussia/Finnlines operates ferry services from the Port of Kaliningrad's Baltiysk Ferry Terminal to/from Luebeck, Germany, and St. Petersburg.