The Port of Gdynia Authority SA oversees the maritime activities in the port. In 2008, the Port of Gdynia handled a total of almost 15.5 million tons of cargo and 610.8 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo. This included 9.6 million tons of general cargo, 2.3 million tons of other bulk cargoes, over 1.3 million tons of coal and coke, 1.3 million tons of grain, 804 thousand tons of oil products, and 40 thousand tons of timber.
The Port of Gdynia is open 24 hours a day throughout the year. It is protected by a 2.5 kilometer breakwater. It has three anchorages available east of the breakwater and south of the line to the main entrance. Depths of the anchorages are 10 to 20 meters. Anchorage 3 serves only tankers. Vessels enter the Port of Gdynia by three routes. The main entrance to the harbor is 150 meters wide and 14 meters deep. The Port of Gdynia is a non-tidal port. Pilotage is required for vessels over 40 meters in length, and towage is required for vessels over 90 meters long and for vessels carrying dangerous goods that are over 70 meters long. The Port of Gdynia covers a total area of 755.4 hectares, including 492.6 hectares of land. It contains 17.7 kilometers of quays with 11 kilometers dedicated to commercial use.
The Baltic Bulk Terminal Limited (Polish) (BBT) is a joint venture between the Port of Gdynia and Zaklady Azotowe "PULAWAY" SA that exports Polish chemical products, primarily fertilizers. This Port of Gdynia terminal contains two cargo-handling and storage terminals, one dedicated to liquid bulk and one for bulk cargoes. Since 1999, the Port of Gdynia two terminals have been used for the import and export of bulk cargoes, bulk storage in bonded warehouses, processing and packaging of bulk cargoes, and import and export of liquid and neutral fire-safety-class liquid cargoes. The terminals are located in the Port of Gdynia's oldest section near the port entrance at Szwedzkie Quay and Wendy Quay.
The Port of Gdynia's BBT liquid products terminal handles exports of ammonium nitrate and imports of fuel oils. The terminal has three steel tanks with capacity for seven thousand cubic meters each and four pumps, each with capacity to move 400 cubic meters per hour. The terminal is equipped to discharge up to 12 rail cars at the same time, and it can load four cars at the same time. The Szwedzkie Quay in the Port of Gdynia can accommodate vessels carrying liquid cargoes with maximum length of 250 meters, maximum width of 27 meters, and maximum draft of 10.8 meters. The Port of Gdynia's Wendy Quay accommodates liquid cargo vessels of up to 90 meters long with maximum draft of 6.7 meters.
The Port of Gdynia's bulk products terminal at the BBT terminal handles primarily Polish ammonium sulfate and other fertilizer imports, exports, and transshipments. The bulk terminal contains two silos, each with capacity for 10 thousand cubic meters, and two silos with capacity for 20 thousand cubic meters each. The Port of Gdynia's BBTL bulk warehouse covers 400 square meters and is equipped with conveyor belts that can move from 300 to 1000 tons per hour. The Szwedzkie Quay can accommodate bulk vessels up to 200 meters long and 27 meters wide with maximum draft of 10.8 meters and maximum airdraft of 12 meters.
The Baltic Container Terminal Limited (BCT) in the Port of Gdynia has capacity to handle 750 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo per year, and it has potential for 1.2 million TEUs. BCT is one of the biggest container terminals in the Baltic region, and it is one of Poland's leading container terminals. In 2007, the Port of Gdynia's BCT handled a record 493.9 thousand TEUs, ranking it third among Baltic ports. Since 2003, International Container Terminal Services, Inc., a Manila-based company, has held 20-year concession to develop, operate, and manage the Port of Gdynia container terminal.
The Port of Gdynia Container Terminal SA (GCT) has been transformed into a state-of-the-art container-handling facility since Hutchison Port Holdings (HPH) purchase of majority interest in the Wolny Obszar Gospodarczy shipyard company. In 2005, HPH began several projects to modernize the facility. These ongoing efforts include developing the Port of Gdynia terminal to enhance productivity and capacity, improving terminal services, investing in and developing highly-qualified staff, and responsibly managing the terminal to make best use of natural resources and protect the environment. The Port of Gdynia believes that GCT help the port emerge as a world-class port of call for containerized goods.
The GCT owns and is located at the Port of Gdynia's Bulgarskie Wharf. The terminal covers 18.6 hectares of land and 625 meters of shoreline. The wharf is 450 meters long and contains 366 meters with alongside depth of 10.5 meters dedicated to container lift-on/lift-off operations. The GCT improvement program has already completed the improvement of the wharf, the development of 6.9 hectares of container yards in the Port of Gdynia with 192 reefer points and ability to handle hazardous cargoes, a rail terminal with four tracks, a gatehouse with eight entrance and exit lanes, a container freight station, and marshaling yards for customs processing of containerized cargoes. Stage Two improvements, which should be completed in 2009, will double the container-handling capacity of the Port of Gdynia's Container Terminal.
The Baltic General Cargo Terminal Gdynia Limited (BTDG) contains an area dedicated to roll-on/roll-off transshipments. This area contains three modern ramps and several new or refurbished storage facilities. These Port of Gdynia storage facilities include 26.8 thousand square meters of warehouse space, sheds with capacity for about 126 pieces of RT trailers, storage areas for about 113 pieces, a dedicated container storage area of 7.7 thousand square meters with capacity for 352 TEUs, and parking space for about 120 road trucks. Three quays serve the Port of Gdynia's BTDG. The Stanow Zjednoczonych Quay is 290 meters long with alongside depth of 8.3 meters. The Czechoslowackie Quay is 215 meters long with alongside depth from 7.7 to 8 meters. The Rumunskie Quay, which is partly dedicated to the BTDG, is 855 meters long with alongside depth of 8.7 meters at the ramp.
The Port of Gdynia BTDG terminal also handles and warehouses and provides additional services for conventional cargoes that include steel products, bagged cargoes, and heavy cargoes like granite blocks and containers. Bagged cargoes include rice, milk powder, sugar, coffee, cocoa, and fertilizers. Some of the warehouse space at the Francuskie berth is used to handle and store perishable goods like exotic fruits and bananas.
Five Port of Gdynia quays serve the BTDG terminal's conventional cargo-handling activities. The Rumunskie Quay, which also handles roll-on/roll-off cargoes, is 855 meters log with alongside depths from 8.7 to 9.3 meters, and it has 3.2 thousand square meters of warehousing space in five units and 28 thousand square meters of open storage area. The Rotterdamskie Quay is 300 meters long with alongside depth of 7.9 meters. It includes 7.5 thousand square meters of warehouse space and 7 thousand square meters of open storage.
The Polskie Quay in the Port of Gdynia is more than 1.1 kilometers long with maximum depth of 10.9 meters. It contains almost 34.4 thousand square meters of warehouse space in two Port of Gdynia zones and 30 thousand square meters of open storage. The Finskie Quay is 208 meters long with maximum depth of 8.8 meters, and it has 4.4 thousand square meters of warehousing and 1.2 thousand square meters of open storage. The Port of Gdynia's Francuskie Quay is 512 meters long with maximum depth of 13 meters, and it has 22 thousand square meters of warehouse, part of which is dedicated to exotic fruits, and 4.3 thousand square meters of open storage.
The Baltic General Cargo Terminal Gdynia is authorized to run duty-free warehouses. Warehouse No. 22, located at the Runumskie berth, has three duty-free storage sections totaling 5.4 thousand square meters. Warehouse S at the Port of Gdynia's Stanow Zjednoczonych Quay has two duty-free storage sections with a total of over five thousand square meters of storage space.
The Port of Gdynia's Baltic Grain Terminal Limited (BGT) has operated since 1937 to handle grain imports and exports. Before World War II, the terminal handled exports of Polish grain and transshipments of cereals from the Danube states. Today, the Port of Gdynia handles about half of all Poland's ocean-borne grain shipments. A management group was established to plan for the future and to make the grain terminal more competitive for long-term operations.
In the 1990s, Poland's grain market transformed from one that imported most grains into one where exports are increasingly important. To meet the changing nature of the cargoes, the Port of Gdynia started reworking the elevator and quay-side infrastructure of the Grain Terminal. The facilities were equipped with modern technological systems and electronic scales. New conveyor systems were added, and the area for trucks and wagons was modernized. In 1993, the refurbished terminal welcomed its first vessel.
In 1996, the Port of Gdynia's BGT opened new steel silos with capacity for 14 thousand tons of grain. In 1997, the elevator's storage capacity was increased to 26 thousand tons. In 2001, work was completed on the construction of a 25-thousand-ton capacity store for soya bean meal, bringing the total storage capacity of the Baltic Grain Terminal to 52 thousand tons. The Port of Gdynia plans to add a second grain-handling system to move 15 thousand tons of grain a day and double annual capacity to four million tons. In addition to handling grain cargoes, the Port of Gdynia's Baltic Grain Terminal offers cleaning, quality control, bagging, and forwarding services.
The universal Maritime Bulk Terminal Gdynia Limited (MTMG) is located at the Port of Gdynia's main entrance, and it had direct connections to the country's rail and road networks. The MTMG provides reloading, warehousing, big-bagging, and sorting services for all types of bulk cargoes. This Port of Gdynia terminal operates 24 hours a day, handling cargoes of coal, grain and feedstuffs, coke, ores, and other bulk and liquid bulk cargoes, including crude oil and its derivatives, and general cargoes.
The MTMG has a total of almost 1.7 kilometers of quays, storage yards of 58.6 thousand square meters, and two warehouses totaling over 12.2 thousand square meters. It also has a four-chamber dust-tight warehouse with capacity for 20 thousand cubic meters of cargo. It has ample and appropriate equipment to handle all types of cargoes.
Five Port of Gdynia quays support the MTMG. The Dutch Quay is 500 meters long with alongside depth of 13 meters, and it can accommodate vessels to 300 meters long. It includes 14.2 thousand square meters of storage yard as well as the four-chamber warehouse mentioned above. Accommodating vessels to 250 meters long, the Silesia Quay is 353 meters long with alongside depth of 8.6 meters, and it has storage yards of 21.2 thousand square meters.
The MTMG also offers services for the Liquid Fuels Reloading Post located on the Port of Gdynia's breakwater where it handles vessels from 100 to 200 meters in length with draft of up to 10.8 meters. The Swedish Quay in the Port of Gdynia is 444 meters long with alongside depth of 10.6 meters and can accommodate vessels of maximum length of 300 meters. The quay has almost 8.2 thousand square meters of storage yard and two flat warehouses totaling over 12.2 thousand square meters.
The Southern Pier of the Port of Gdynia's Danish Quay handles liquid bulk cargoes. It is 170 meters long and can handle vessels of 150 meters with draft of 9.5 meters. The Pier is served by pipelines, included one heated pipeline, and the reloading process is controlled electronically. The Port of Gdynia's Southern Pier has an almost 15 thousand square meters storage yard at the back of the Danish Quay that is used for handling dry bulk goods.