The Port of Gdansk Authority SA is a commercial partnership owned by the State Treasury, the Municipality of Gdansk, and entitled employees. Established in 1998, it is the only entity that manages the Port of Gdansk. The Port of Gdansk Authority SA is responsible for constructing and managing port properties and infrastructure, planning and developing the port, acquiring properties, providing services, and protecting the marine environment. Port services are provided by private companies.
In 2008, the Port of Gdansk handled a total of almost 17.8 million tons of cargo that included 185.7 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo. It also served almost 188.4 thousand passengers. By far the largest cargo volume through the Port of Gdansk was liquid fuels (10.4 million tons). The Port of Gdansk also handled three million tons of general cargo, 2.6 million tons of other bulk cargoes, 1.1 million tons of coal, 647 thousand tons of grains, and 30 thousand tons of ore.
The Port of Gdansk covers 653 hectares of land and 412.6 hectares of water surface. The Port of Gdansk is free of ice throughout the year. It contains a total of 21.2 kilometers of quays and contains 106.3 thousand square meters of warehousing space and 548 thousand square meters of open storage area. The Port of Gdansk's Inner Port can accommodate vessels with maximum draft of 10.2 meters and has annual cargo-handling capacity of 11.5 million tons. The Northern Port at the Port of Gdansk can handle vessels with maximum 15 meters draft and has annual cargo-handling capacity for 48.5 million tons.
A major international transportation hub, the Port of Gdansk plays a vital role in the Trans-European Transport Corridor No. 6 that connects Nordic countries with Eastern and Southern Europe. The Port of Gdansk contains two sections. The Inner Port lies along the Martwa Wisla (a branch of the River Vistula) and the port canal. The Port of Gdansk's Northern Port is located on the shores of the Gulf of Gdansk.
Operating since 2007, the Deepwater Container Terminal in the Port of Gdansk's Northern Port can accommodate the largest vessels (post-Panamax) that sail the Baltic Sea. With annual container-handling capacity for 500 thousand TEUs, it covers 40 hectares and has a 40-meter wide roll-on/roll-off ramp, ground slots for six thousand TEUs of containerized cargo, and 336 stations for refrigerated containers. The quay at the Port of Gdansk's Deepwater Container Terminal is 650 meters long, and it can accommodate vessels with maximum draft of 14.2 meters. It contains a warehouse covering 7.2 thousand square meters with mobile reloading ramps and storage capacity for 22 thousand TEUs. Two rail sidings at the terminal are each 620 meters long, and the terminal has a pre-gate parking area for a hundred lorries. In 2008, the first full year of operation, the terminal handled over 106.3 thousand TEUs, but the Port of Gdansk has planned capacity for the terminal at two million TEUs.
The Port of Gdansk has a long history and beautiful landscapes that make it a popular destination for passenger ships. Located about 15 minutes from the city center, the Polferries Terminal and Westerplatte Ferry Terminal offer easy access to Europe's road network. The Westerplatte Ferry Terminal has roll-on/roll-off ramps, a modern and comprehensive passenger terminal, and docking berths for cruise vessels. Cruise vessels also use the Oliwskie Quay that can accommodate the largest passenger vessels.
The Port of Gdansk's Polferries Terminal serves passenger and vehicle traffic with two ferries with daily routes (an 18-hour crossing) to Nynashamn in Sweden. The Polferries quay is 175 meters long with alongside depth of 6.4 meters, and it is equipped with a 30-ton ramp. At 146.1 meters long and 25.5 meters wide, the ferry Scandinavia can handle as many as 1800 passengers or 515 passenger cars or 38 lorries and 175 passenger cars. It offers restaurants, cafes, coffee rooms, a cinema, sauna, and children's play area. It also has a grocer and shops. At 147 meters long and 24 meters wide, the Baltivia ferry can carry 250 passengers, 30 passenger cars, and 80 lorries.
The Port of Gdansk's state-of-the-art Westerplatte Ferry Terminal handles both passenger and cargo ferries. Located at the Obroncow Westerplatte Quay near the Port of Gdansk's entrance, the terminal is equipped to handle specialized roll-on/roll-off vessels, ferries, and passenger ships. It has three berths fitted with roll-on/roll-off ramps. Each berth can accommodate vessels up to 200 meters long. Berths 1 and 2 can handle vessels with maximum draft of 8.1 meters, and Berth 3 can handle vessels with maximum draft of 9.3 meters. The Port of Gdansk's Westerplatte Ferry Terminal has annual capacity for from 600 thousand to one million passengers, from 180 to 400 thousand passenger cars, and from 150 to 350 thousand heavy-duty trucks. Projects are underway in the Port of Gdansk to improve the Terminal's connection to road and rail transportation networks.
The Port of Gdansk's Westerplatte Ferry Terminal covers an area of 72 thousand square meters and includes 10.7 thousand square meters of parking yards with capacity for 375 passenger cars or 125 heavy-duty trucks, 12 buses, and 20 road trains. The passenger terminal covers over two thousand square meters and includes six passenger check-in stands, a pedestrian passage, and administrative facilities. This Port of Gdansk terminal's handling and storage yards cover 19.9 thousand square meters that can accommodate from 500 to 1100 passenger cards or from 140 to 360 trailers. It has eight thousand square meters of warehouse, a railway ramp, and rail tracks to the storage facility that can accommodate a 170-meter long set of train cars. It also has six customs and border clearance stations for vehicles.
Opened in 1996, the Port of Gdansk's Port Free Zone has grown rapidly. Managed by the Port of Gdansk Authority SA, the Port Free Zone stores imported goods for unlimited periods without customs guarantees, levies, duties, or taxes. The Port Free Zone in the Port of Gdansk covers 33.5 hectares, and it contains almost 38.6 thousand square meters of warehouses with capacity for 20 thousand tons of cargo and open stores of over 97.6 thousand square meters. The quay can accommodate vessels to 170 meters in length with maximum draft of 8.3 meters, and it has two berths of 566 and 600 meters long. The Port Free Zone operates 24 hours a day. In 2008, the Port of Gdansk's Port Free Zone handled a total 246 thousand tons of cargo including 50.2 thousand tons of imported fruit. It also handled 67.5 thousand vehicles imported from manufacturers like Audi, Volkswagen, Nissan, Toyota, Kia, Hyundai, Opel, and Skoda.
The Oliwskie Quay in the Port of Gdansk handles general cargo, particularly steel products and structures, passenger cars, grains, and cruise liners. The quay is 600 meters long, and it can accommodate vessels up to 225 meters long with maximum draft of 8.7 meters. This Port of Gdansk Quay has over 17 thousand square meters of warehouses with capacity for 15 thousand tons of cargo, open stores of more than 35.5 thousand square meters, and a five-thousand ton elevator.
The Port of Gdansk's Zbozowe Quay contains two grain elevators with capacity for up to 12 thousand tons of hard grains and up to 10 thousand tons of soya meal. The grain elevators have capacity to handle 80 thousand tons of grain per hour and 40 thousand tons of soya meal per hour. The Port of Gdansk's Zbozowe Quay is 155 meters long and can accommodate vessels of up to 140 meters in length with maximum draft of 6.4 meters.
The Wislane Quay in the Port of Gdansk is a universal quay that handles cargoes like coke, coal, grain, and general cargo that includes heavy-lift and oversized cargoes. The quay is equipped to automatically weigh and load/unload fodder and grain. The quay also handles and packages dry chemical fertilizers. In the Wislane Quay primary line is a bentonite terminal that handles, stores, and distributes the cargo. The Port of Gdansk's Wislane Quay is 1160 meters long and can accommodate vessels up to 225 meters long with maximum draft of 10.2 meters. It includes almost 28.9 thousand square meters of warehouse area, open stores of 91.3 thousand square meters, and an 8500-ton capacity grain elevator. It also contains two bunkers of almost four thousand square meters.
The Port of Gdansk's Szczecinskie Quay is home to the Port of Gdansk Container Terminal (GTK) that opened in late 1998. The GTK offers fast, efficient, and comprehensive services as well as access to the Port Free Zone. The terminal can accommodate ships up to 20 thousand DWT of up to 225 meters in length with maximum draft of 9.2 meters as well as ships that have automated lift-on/lift-off and roll-on/roll-off systems. The terminal's temporary storage warehouse offers abridged procedures for clearing containers. In 2008, this Port of Gdansk terminal handled almost 77.9 TEUs of ocean-borne containerized cargo, and future expansions are planned. The Szczecinskie Quay is 365 meters long, and it offers over 67.4 thousand square meters of open stores and 95 stations for refrigerated containers.
The Bytomskie Quay in the Port of Gdansk handles cargoes like malt and barley and serves primarily the Mateurop Poland Limited malt-processing company that operates at the quay. The quay also handles medical and technical gases for Linde Gaz Polska Sp. Z o.o. At 296 meters long, the Bytomskie Quay in the Port of Gdansk can accommodate vessels to 100 meters long with maximum draft of 5 meters. The quay also contains over 14.9 thousand square meters of open stores.
The Port of Gdansk's Przemyslowe Quay houses handling facilities syenite, dry bulk cargoes (including inorganic fertilizers, salt, and sodium), and liquid cargoes like molasses, hydrochloric acid, and liquid fertilizers. The quay's bunker allows for loading dry bulk cargoes directly onto trucks. At 520 meters long, the Przemyslowe Quay in the Port of Gdansk can accommodate vessels to 200 meters long with maximum draft of 7.7 meters. It offers warehouses totaling over 11.8 thousand square meters with capacity for 64 thousand tons of cargo.
The Chemikow Quay in the Port of Gdansk houses a handling and storage terminal that caters to cargoes of inorganic fertilizers, phosphate raw materials, sulfuric acid, and molasses, and other bulk cargoes. This Port of Gdansk quay is 352 meters long and can accommodate vessels to 225 meters in length with maximum draft of 10.2 meters. Its warehouses cover over 11.8 thousand square meters and have capacity for 75 thousand tons of cargo.
Three quays are located in the Port of Gdansk's Gorniczy Basin. Operated by Port of Gdansk Cargo Logistics Limited, these quays specialize in handling coal, timber, grain, petroleum products, iron and steel products, and chemicals. Each quay can accommodate vessels to 225 meters long. The Weglow Quay is 780 meters long and can accommodate vessels with maximum draft of 9.1 meters. It includes five bunkers covering almost 12.6 thousand square meters. The Port of Gdansk's Rudowe Quay is 695 meters long, and it can accommodate vessels with maximum draft of 10.2 meters. It also contains over 1.6 thousand square meters of warehouse area, more than 34.6 thousand square meters of open stores, and one bunker of 3.1 thousand square meters. The Administracyjne Quay in the Port of Gdansk is 125 meters long, and it can handle vessels with maximum draft of 4.85 meters. It also has open stores of 8.3 thousand square meters.
Serving primarily Siarkopol Gdansk SA, the Obroncow Poczty Polskiej Quay in the Port of Gdansk handles dry bulk and liquid cargoes like granulated sulfur, heating and base oils, molasses, and aggregates. The quay is connected by pipeline to onshore tanks and by pipeline and funnel to rail cars and motor vehicles. The Port of Gdansk's Obroncow Poczty Polskiej Quay is 275 meters long and can accommodate vessels to 225 meters long with maximum draft of 10.2 meters. It offers open stores of 20 thousand square meters.
The Port of Gdansk's Liquid Fuel Terminal contains four berths that handle crude oil and crude oil derivatives, diesel, and heating oil. Fuels are delivered to refineries and plants via a system of pipelines and handling stations to plants in Poland and eastern Germany. The terminal handles about 34 million tons of cargo per year. This modern Port of Gdansk terminal offers fully-automated operation, advanced closed-system receiving technology, and fire and spill protection. Berth O at the Liquid Fuel Terminal in the Port of Gdansk can accommodate vessels to 150 meters long with maximum draft of 10 meters. Berths P, R, and T serve vessels with maximum draft of 15 meters. Berths P and R can accommodate vessels to 300 meters long, and Berth T serves vessels to 350 meters long.
The Port of Gdansk's Coal Terminal is a modern mechanized facility that can handle 50 thousand tons of cargo per day. Its storage yard, covering over 17.3 thousand square meters, can handle up to 600 thousand tons. The Port of Gdansk's Coal Terminal in the Northern Port is dedicated to handling coal exports, and the quays at the Inner Port's Gorniczy Basin handle both exports and imports of coal. The Coal Terminal is specifically equipped to handle coal directly from Port of Gdansk railcars to ships and from open storage yards. This Port of Gdansk terminal has equipment for dumping and loading, bunkering, conveying, and defrosting freight cars (allowing year-round terminal operations). The quay at the Coal Terminal in the Port of Gdansk is 765 meters long, and it can accommodate ships of up to 280 meters long with maximum draft of 15 meters. In includes open stores of over 17.3 thousand square meters with capacity for 600 thousand tons of cargo and five bunkers with a total area of more than 73 thousand square meters.
The Port of Gdansk's Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Terminal receives, stores, partially blends, and distributes liquefied propane-butane gas by tank car and trucks. The terminal is equipped with digged-in tanks with capacity for 13.2 thousand tons, pumps for the discharge of gas from ships, gas-heating and ‑carrying systems to storage tanks, pumps for moving gas from tank to reloading berths, and a gas-blending system. This Port of Gdansk terminal has capacity to handle 500 thousand tons of cargo per year. The LPG Terminal pier is 220 meters long, and it can accommodate ships up to 190 meters long with maximum draft of 9.5 meters.
The Port of Gdansk is in an excellent geographic and economic location and has the ability to handle all types of cargo. Its major strength is the capacity to develop ample deep-water facilities that can serve the biggest vessels sailing the Baltic Sea. With the strategic goal of being the major distribution port and container hub on the Baltic Sea, the Port of Gdansk plans to construct additional storage facilities for liquid fuels and oil facilities in its deep-water port and to expand its facilities for dry bulk cargoes in the Northern Port. Transportation networks are also being expanded that will greatly benefit the Port of Gdansk and enhance its competitive position.
The City of Gdansk plans to develop the Pomeranian Distribution and Logistics Centre, and the Port of Gdansk will designate areas adjacent to the center for the development of port services related to general cargo handling. The Port of Gdansk will also modernize and expand the Inner Port by privatizing its biggest operating company, Port of Gdansk Cargo Logistics Limited.
In 2009, the Port of Gdansk and the City of Gdansk signed an agreement to set up a company to implement a project that will expand the Gdansk Container Terminal so that it has capacity for two million TEUs per year. With this significant expansion comes the need for a nearby logistics and distribution center to complement terminal infrastructure and focus on cargo traffic between western Europe and Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine. The new Port of Gdansk logistics and distribution center will be linked into Europe's rail and road networks. It will perform value-added services including warehousing, storing, packing/unpacking, forwarding, distributing, and providing customs and banking services.