The Oslo Port Authority is responsible for the Port of Oslo. Its purpose is to facilitate the efficient operation of the port by supporting effective and environmentally-friendly ocean-going travel and commerce, controlling the port region’s traffic, and managing port property and equipment. The Port of Oslo’s facilities are among Scandinavia’s most modern, and the port continues to keep pace with technological advances. The Port of Oslo is ice-free, and tidal effects are negligible.
In 2008, over five thousand vessels called on the Port of Oslo, including 2522 foreign vessels and 2500 domestic vessels. That year, the Port of Oslo handled a total of 5.9 million tons of cargo, including 3.5 million tons of bulk cargo and 2.4 million tons of general cargo. This included 3.7 million tons of foreign cargoes and 2.2 million tons of domestic cargoes. Within the foreign cargoes, 3.0 million tons of cargoes were exports, and 713 thousand tons were exports. Imports were mainly general cargo (1.5 million tons) and liquid bulk (1.1 million tons), with dry bulk a small portion (319 thousand tons). Exports were for the most part general cargo. The Port of Oslo handled 897 thousand tons of cargo on car and passenger ferries.
During 2008, the Port of Oslo handled a total of 190.3 thousand TEUs of containerized cargoes, including 106.1 thousand inward-bound TEUs and 84.2 thousand outward-bound TEUs. Container cargoes amounted to 1.3 million tons. The Ormsund Terminal handled the majority of TEUs (131.3 thousand) and tonnage (882 tons).
In 2008, over 6.7 million passengers passed through the Port of Oslo, including 2.7 million foreign passengers and 4.0 million domestic passengers. Foreign passengers included 240 thousand on cruise ships and 2.4 million on ferries in international trade. Domestic passenger services included 183.7 thousand passengers on charter and sightseeing vessels, one million passengers on local ferries, and 2.9 million passengers on inter-municipal ferries.
The Port of Oslo is the country’s biggest port for general cargo, and it is a major passenger and container gateway in the heart of the industrial and commercial heart of the nation’s capital. Most of the imported goods and industrial cargoes through the Port of Oslo are destined for the local area, containing a third of Norway’s population.
The Port of Oslo contains a total of 9.9 thousand meters of quays with up to 11 meters alongside depth and covers 1.2 million square meters of land area. The port contains a total floor area in warehouses and other buildings of 82.5 thousand square meters.
The Port of Oslo’s South Port contains 13 quays at a total length of 4.1 thousand meters. Bekkelaget north and south serve containers and tugs and have 1270 meters of adjacent railway tracks. Kneppeskjaeret Quay is 238 meters long and has 275 meters of adjacent railway tracks, and it handles containers, cars, and roll-on/roll-off cargoes. The Ormsund Quay at the Port of Oslo is 282 meters long, and it handles roll-on/roll-off, lift-on/lift-off, and container cargoes. The Sjursoya Container Quay is 305 meters long. The Sorenga Pier is 880 meters long and handles roll-on/roll-off, bulk, and containerized cargoes. The South Port’s Tanker Pier is 336 meters long and serves oil and petroleum cargoes.
Gronlia south at the Port of Oslo’s South Port handles dry bulk and charter vessels, and the quay is 500 meters long. The Kongshavn Shipping Terminal has two quays. Kongshavn north is 140 meters long and serves cargoes of cement and lecabricks. Kongshavn south is 282 meters long and handles cement, shingle, and sand. At 524 meters long, Sjursoya north handles roll-on/roll-off cargoes like fertilizers, grain, and salt. The Port of Oslo’s Sjursoya south/west quay, at 80 meters long, handles dry bulk and methanol. The Bispekaia Quay (240 meters long) and Paulsen Quay (50 meters long) handle charter vessels. The Sjursoya service quay is 50 meters long and supports tugs.
The Port of Oslo’s West Port has 21 quays with a total length of 4.6 thousand meters. Largely serving charter and naval vessels, some of the quays handle cargoes. The two Filipstad quays total 721 meters in length and handle general cargo, containers, roll-on/roll-off, and lift-on/lift-off cargoes. Pier III is 192 meters long, houses the Port of Oslo’s grain silo, and handles local traffic. The Hjortnes Quay west and Pier II, a total of 541 meters long, handle international ferry traffic and roll-on/roll-off cargoes. The Brannskjaer Pier is 150 meters long and serves as a depot.
The Port of Oslo’s Revier Quay, Akershus Quay south, and Vippetangen Quay, a total of 880 meters long, handle cruise ships and naval vessels. The Tingvalla Quay, at 120 meters long, handles local traffic, and the City Hall Pier 4 handles local traffic, fishing boats, and charter vessels. City Hall Pier 3 handles sightseeing and charter vessels.
With a total length of 1275 meters in the Port of Oslo’s West Port, the Filipstad east, City Hall Pier 1 and 2, Akershus Pier and north Quay, and Langkaia Quay all serve charter vessels. The Akershus quays also support veteran vessels, and the Akershus Pier also handles training ships. The Langkaia Quay also berths a theater boat. The Honnorkaia Quay is used for receptions and local events. The Aker Brygge Quay, at 190 meters long, handles leisure craft.
The Port of Oslo is equipped to handle all types of cargoes. Its main cargoes, however, include oil, cement, salt, stone, timber, grain, animal feed, and newsprint. Container traffic is the fastest-growing part of the general cargo handled by the Port of Oslo, but half of the general cargo is still handled by ferries and other vessels. Half of Norway’s oil supplies come by tanker to the Port of Oslo.