The Port of Rotterdam Authority develops, operates, and manages the Port of Rotterdam facilities and industrial area. The Port Authority is a limited public company owned by the Municipality of Rotterdam and the Netherlands. The Port Authority for the Port of Rotterdam is responsible for promoting safe and effecting shipping in the port and developing, constructing, and managing the port area.
The Port Authority assures that the docks in the Port of Rotterdam are maintained at a depth that allows ships to enter the port and moor safely. It supervises all movements on the water and monitors port traffic. By developing and managing port properties, the Port Authority makes sure there is enough space for companies to operate in the Port of Rotterdam, and it builds and improves roads, rail, inland waterways, and underground pipelines.
Photo by Dick Elbers
The Port Authority is committed to sustainable economic development of the Port of Rotterdam by working with government and business, both local and international, to maintain a climate that attracts new businesses, retains established businesses, and strengthen the Port of Rotterdam's competitive position. Finally, the Port Authority conducts marketing and promotional activities to further the interests of the Port of Rotterdam and the community.
In 2010, the Port of Rotterdam was the fourth busiest port in the world based on cargo volumes. The Port of Rotterdam follows Shanghai (650 million tons), Ningbo/Zhoushan (627 million tons), and Singapore (502.5 million tons). The Port of Rotterdam was the only non-Asian port in the ten busiest ports of the world.
Photo by Quistnix
The Port of Rotterdam far out-performed other European ports. With 429.9 million tons of cargo in 2010, the second busiest European port was Antwerp which handled 178.2 million tons of cargo.
In 2010, the Port of Rotterdam handled a total of almost 430 million tons of cargo, including almost 305 million tons of imports and over 125 million tons of exports. Within this total was 84.6 million tons of dry bulk cargoes, 209.4 million tons of liquid bulk, 23.7 million tons of breakbulk cargo, and 112.3 million tons of containerized cargo.
Bulk cargoes handled in the Port of Rotterdam in 2010 included 84.6 million tons of dry bulk goods and 209.4 million tons of liquid bulk goods. Liquid bulk cargoes included crude oil (100.3 million tons), mineral oil products (77.6 million tons), and other liquid bulk (31.5 million tons). Dry bulk cargoes through the Port of Rotterdam included ores and scrap (39.8 million tons), coal (24.1 million tons), agribulk (8.4 million tons), and other dry bulk goods (12.3 million tons).
View of the Kop van Zuid neighborhood in Rotterdam
Photo by Debot
The Port of Rotterdam handled general cargoes that included over 112 million tons of containerized cargoes, 16.7 million tons of roll-on/roll-off cargoes, and 6.9 million tons of other general cargoes. In 2010, the Port of Rotterdam handled a total of 11.1 million TEUs of containerized cargo. This included 5.7 million TUEs of imports and 5.4 million TEUs of exports.
The Port of Rotterdam handled a total of 66.6 million tons of dry bulk cargoes, including 57.1 million tons of imports and 9.5 million tons of exports. The total cargoes of 24.8 million tons of coal was the largest share of dry bulk cargo, including 23.7 million tons of imports and 1.2 million tons of exports. The second biggest dry bulk cargo was iron ore and scrap totaling 23.3 million tons (with 20.2 million tons of imports and 3.1 million tons of exports).
In 2010, over 34.4 thousand ocean-going vessels called at the Port of Rotterdam. Of these, 29.8 thousand were cargo vessels, 17 were cruise ships, and 4.6 thousand were other ships. The Port of Rotterdam estimated that 108 thousand inland vessels called at port.
Photo by Ziko van Dijk
The Port of Rotterdam covers a total area of over 10.5 thousand hectares (26 thousand acres), including 5.1 thousand hectares of industrial sites and 5.5 thousand hectares of infrastructure and water surface. The port is 40 kilometers (25 miles) long and contains 89 kilometers (55 miles) of quays and 1500 kilometers (932 miles) of pipelines. When Maasvlakte 2 is completed, the port area will grow by 20%.
The Port of Rotterdam contains tank storage for 30 million cubic meters of liquids, including refinery storage for crude oil (12 million cubic meters), refinery storage for mineral oil products (6.7 million cubic meters), independent storage for mineral oil products (5.5 million cubic meters), independent storage for chemical products (2.3 million cubic meters), independent storage for vegetable oils and fats (1.1 million cubic meters), and independent storage for crude oil (800 thousand cubic meters).
The Port of Rotterdam has 300 thousand cubic meters of storage space for agribulk cargoes with additional floating storage as needed. More than 200 exporters and importers of fresh foods use the Port of Rotterdam. The port contains about three million square meters of capacity in conventional sheds. The Port of Rotterdam also has over 600 pallet places for climate-controlled storage (of 1.8 million cubic meters) and more than 250 thousand pallet places for cold storage (of 750 thousand cubic meters).
Photo by Joris
European Bulk Services is completing a 4.8-hectare site near the Laurenshaven Terminal that will add capacity for from 250- to 300-thousand tons of dry bulk cargoes like coal and minerals.
The Port of Rotterdam contains 122 jetties and 23 berths on buoys. It maintains 29 tug boats and 6 pilot boats. The Port of Rotterdam has ample cargo-handling equipment, including 162 multi-purpose cranes, 103 container gantry cranes, 25 floating cranes, 22 ship-to-shore bulk cranes, 12 container cranes (rail terminals), and ten sheer leg cranes.
The Port of Rotterdam has over 90 terminals specializing in different types of cargoes. There are 35 terminals for liquid bulk cargoes, 17 multi-purpose terminals, and 15 dry bulk terminals. The Port of Rotterdam contains nine container terminals for deep-sea, short-sea, and inland shipping. It also has seven roll-on/roll-off terminals. It contains three juice terminals and two fruit terminals. The Port of Rotterdam also has one terminal each for steel and paper, cars, and cruise vessels. The steel and paper terminal is an all-weather terminal.
The Port of Rotterdam is a gateway to a market of more than 500 million European consumers, and it handles over 400 million tons of cargoes every year. Over 500 liner services make scheduled calls at the Port of Rotterdam and connect it with more than a thousand ports around the world.
Photo by AlfvanBeem
Located directly on the North Sea, the Port of Rotterdam can handle the largest ocean-going vessels 24 hours a day throughout the year. With depth of 24 meters, the Port of Rotterdam has no locks. The Port of Rotterdam's terminals at Maasvlakte can be reached from the pilot station within an hour or two. Off the North Sea coast, the Eurogeul has been dug to accommodate the world's largest vessels, at 57 kilometers long and a depth of 23 meters. Maasvlakte 2 will be open soon, offering a depth of 20 meters to make the port accessible to container ships that cannot berth in other European ports.
The Port of Rotterdam handles all imaginable types of cargoes and is a vital link in the "supply chain" necessary to get products from factories to consumers. Cargoes are handled by specialized companies that work with chemicals, liquid and dry bulk, ores, refrigerated cargoes and food, vehicles, general cargo, and containers. Wherever possible, companies are clustered so that the Port of Rotterdam is really a collection of smaller specialized ports. There are also many companies in the region that specialize in storage, transshipment, transport, and industrial processing of cargoes.
The Port of Rotterdam distributes cargoes to inland Europe's huge market of consumers through five transportation modes: roads, railways, pipelines, inland ships, and coastal ships. All industrial and economic centers in Western Europe can be reached from the Port of Rotterdam within 24 hours of arriving at port.
Photo by Wikifrits
For many years, the Port of Rotterdam has been an important world center for oil and chemicals. Many leading international oil and chemicals companies have offices in the Port of Rotterdam. There are four world-class refineries in Rotterdam, over 40 chemical and petrochemical companies, three industrial gas producers, and 13 tank storage and distribution companies. These operations are connected through a network of over 1500 kilometers of pipelines.
The Port of Rotterdam is Europe's largest center for agri-business. It handles about 83 million metric tons of bulk cargoes each year, and dry agribulk cargoes make up some 10 million metric tons of that total. The Port of Rotterdam works with several major agricultural trading houses as well as a wide range of food processors and manufacturers, packagers, transport and storage companies, and service providers.
With a huge number of modern facilities, unrivalled sea access, and excellent inter-modal connections with a vast hinterland, the Port of Rotterdam handles every type of breakbulk cargo from steel and project cargo to forest products and automobiles, among many others. The Port of Rotterdam contains 27 breakbulk and roll-on/roll-off terminals that handle some 25.6 million tons of cargo each year.
Photo by Quistnix
The Port of Rotterdam is Europe's main container port, handling an average of almost 10 million TEUs every year. It is accessible to the latest generations of container ships and has dedicated container terminal facilities. Its hinterland connections, inland waterways, short-sea feeders, and rail services assure fast turn-around and reliable distribution of cargoes. The Port of Rotterdam is handling an increasing volume of fresh fruit, vegetables, and juices and has some seven thousand reefer points and about 2.5 million cubic meters of cold storage for those cargoes.
The new Maasvlakte 2 will soon offer companies using the Port of Rotterdam a new location in the European market. The land reclamation project will provide about one thousand hectares of space earmarked for container-related activities and for new companies. The Maasvlakte 2 facilities will increase the port and industrial complex by some 20% and triple the Port of Rotterdam's container-handling capacity.
The Port of Rotterdam is also working toward the future, constantly investing in new infrastructure, information technology, industrial sites while also improving the quality of life for people living near the port. The Port of Rotterdam is preparing to reclaim an additional two thousand hectares of industrial land for Maasvlakte 2 to provide space for the port's growing and future needs. Several projects are underway to improve existing port areas by redeveloping facilities, reclaiming land, and making more effective use of port-related services.
Photo by Natubes
The Port of Rotterdam is always investing in infrastructure (for example, new tunnels, wider roads, more underground pipelines, etc.). Today, the port is working on a dedicated freight railway line to directly link the Port of Rotterdam with the German hinterland. The Port of Rotterdam take special care to assure that development projects are consistent with maintaining a healthy land and water environment.
The Port of Rotterdam's existing facilities and industrial area is running out of room to operate. In fact, the port expects to run out of large sites between 2012 and 2014. Maasvlakte 2 is being constructed to meet rising demands and to help the Port of Rotterdam maintain its role as Europe's major seaport. Construction began in 2008, and the Port of Rotterdam expects to process the first containers in Maasvlakte 2 in 2013.
Photo by Robert Jaarsma
The municipality of Rotterdam has established its goal to have a highly-competitive port that strengthens both the regional and national economies and that improves the quality of life and environment. The Port of Rotterdam is projecting a throughput increase of as much as 40% by the year 2020. The municipality of Rotterdam recently published its new "Port Vision 2020" to outline six concepts that will help the city and the Port of Rotterdam prepare for that future. These include: