In September 2011, Port Klang conducted a three-day celebration of its 110th anniversary. Since it opened in 1901, Port Klang has been Malaysia's primary port. With links to over 500 ports worldwide, Port Klang is the thirteenth busiest container in the world.
Located near the Klang Valley, Malaysia's most populous region and a busy industrial and commercial center, Port Klang is important to the country's economic well-being. In 1993, the government selected Port Klang to be the National Load Center and a regional hub. Today, Port Klang has world-class facilities and services.
The Port Klang Authority (PKA) was established as a statutory corporation in 1963 to assume management and administration of Port Klang from the Malayan Railway Administration. In 1986, the first facilities were privatized when the container terminal that had been operated by the PKA was taken over by Klang Container Terminal Berhad, although PKA still has a 20% share in the company.
The success of this privatization led the PKA to extend the practice in Port Klang by privatizing operational services and facilities to Port Klang Management SDN BHD in 1992. In 1994, the new container terminal on the island of Palau Lumut was privatized to Kelang Multi Terminal SDN BHD.
With operational responsibilities divested, the Port Klang Authority now acts as a trade facilitator, landlord, and regulator for Port Klang with the core functions of promoting trade, planning and developing Port Klang, overseeing private operations, managing assets, and acting as the authority for the Free Zone.
When Port Klang's Westports is finished, the port will be able to handle 130.5 million tons and 8.4 million TEUs of cargo. Port Klang will expand its facilities to the south between Batu Laut and Tanjung Rhu primarily to support industrial shipping.
In 2010, almost 18 thousand vessels carried a total of more than 170.8 million tons of cargo through Port Klang. This included 147.1 million tons of containerized goods on 12.3 thousand container ships, 8.8 million tons of dry bulk on 380 vessels, 8.6 million tons of general cargo on 1.1 thousand vessels, and 6.4 million tons of liquid bulk cargo on 380 vessels. Port Klang handled almost 8.9 million TEUs of containerized cargo in 2010. In addition 771.4 thousand passengers traveled to/from Port Klang on almost two thousand vessels.
Port Klang contains 53 berths with a total length of 11.4 thousand meters (37.5 thousand feet). This includes 6.1 thousand meters (19.9 thousand feet) in 24 container berths, 1.5 thousand meters (4.9 thousand feet) in 11 berths for breakbulk cargoes, 2.1 thousand meters (6.8 thousand feet) in nine berths serving liquid bulk cargoes, and 1.6 thousand meters (5.1 thousand feet) in seven berths for dry bulk. There is also a 195-meter (643-foot) bunker berth and a 30-meter (98.4-foot) berth for passengers in Port Klang.
Port Klang contains a total of 219.3 thousand square meters (almost 2.4 million square feet) of conventional storage space. This includes 106.2 thousand square meters (26.2 acres) of open yards, 60.5 thousand square meters (14.9 acres) of Port Klang warehouses, 49.6 thousand square meters (12.2 acres) of covered storage, and almost three thousand square meters (32 thousand square feet) of transit sheds.
Port Klang has ample equipment to support the movement of cargo. Port Klang has 424 semi-trailers, 413 trailers, 163 rubber-tired gantry cranes, 60 quay cranes, 60 cargo trailers, 52 straddle carriers, 43 forklifts, 33 high stackers, 13 tug boats, 11 towing tractors, ten pilot boats, eight mobile cranes, seven container trailers, five cranes on rails, and one T-Rex crane.
Port Klang has four container terminals with capacity to handle 8.4 million TEUs per year. The three terminals are equipped with ample cargo-handling equipment like post-Panamax quay cranes.
Port Klang's Northport Container Terminal 1 has four berths for container vessels. Berth No. 8, at 213 meters (699 feet) long with alongside depth of 10.5 meters (34.4 feet), can accommodate vessels to 40 thousand DWT. With total length of 866 meters (2841 feet) and alongside depth of 13.2 meters (43.3 feet), Berths 9, 10, and 11 can handle ships to 60 thousand DWT.
Port Klang's Northport Container Terminal 2 has five berths totaling 1.1 kilometers (1.8 miles) and can accommodate vessels to 80 thousand DWT. Each of the berths is 213 meters (699 feet) long with alongside depth of 13 meters (42.7 feet). Northport Container Terminal 3in Port Klang has three berths, each 178 meters (584 feet) long with alongside depth of 15 meters (15 feet) that can accommodate vessels to 120 thousand DWT.
Port Klang's Westports Container Terminal has six berths, each of them 300 meters (984.2 feet) long with alongside depth of 15 meters (49.2 feet). Berths 7 and 8 can accommodate vessels to 80 thousand DWT, and Berths 9, 10, 11, and 12 can accommodate vessels to 115 thousand DWT.
Port Klang handled 8.8 million tons of dry bulk cargo in 2010. Dry bulk imports in Port Klang were dominated by fertilizers, wheat, maize, wheat, feed meal, and soya beans. Dry bulk exports were dominated by palm kernel expeller. Palm kernel expeller is high-protein by-product of crushing palm kernels that is used in compound feeds.
The dry bulk terminal in Port Klang's Northport covers 13.2 hectares and has two cranes and a conveyor system connecting the berths to onshore warehouses. With water depth of 11 meters (36.1 feet), Northport's two berths handling dry bulk in Port Klang can accommodate ships to 45 thousand DWT.
Port Klang's Westports has two terminals devoted to dry bulk cargoes. Dry Bulk Terminal 1 handles mostly grain and sugar. It has two berths, each 200 meters (656.2 feet) long with alongside depth of 15 meters (49.2 feet). This Port Klang terminal is equipped with two gantry grab unloaders with capacity for handling two thousand tons per hour.
Port Klang's Terminal 2, the Westports Slag Terminal, includes a berth of 250 meters (820.2 feet) and alongside depth of 13.5 meters (42.7 feet), and it can handle vessels to 78 thousand DWT. Most common cargoes handled at Dry Bulk Terminal 2 are silica sand, fertilizer, and sand.
Port Klang also contains Westports Cement Terminal with a 285-meter (935-foot) jetty with alongside depth of 11 meters (36.1 feet) and the capacity to handle vessels to 35 thousand DWT. The Port Klang Cement Terminal uses eight loading/discharging pipes connecting the jetty to the consignee facilities, and it has capacity to pump 800 tons per hour.
Port Klang's Southport has two berths to handle dry bulk cargoes (maize, feed meal, and wheat) that can accommodate vessels of 23 and 20 thousand DWT.
Port Klang has six berths dedicated to breakbulk cargoes. Two of those berths are in Port Klang's Northport. Accommodating vessels to 60 thousand tons, the 457-meter (1499-foot) wharves have alongside depth of 12 meters (39.4 feet). These berths handle manufactured goods and iron and steel. The four breakbulk berths in Westports are each 200 meters (656.2 feet) long with alongside depth of 15 meters (49.2 feet) and can handle vessels to 80 thousand tons.
Port Klang handled 6.4 million tons of liquid bulk cargoes in 2010. The main liquid bulk cargoes handled at Port Klang's Northport include refined vegetable oils, chemicals, and petroleum products. Several major oil companies are located at Port Klang's Northport Liquid Bulk Terminal that handle diesel oil, industrial fuels, and unleaded gasoline. The two dolphin berths of 213 meters (698.8 feet) can accommodate vessels to 60 thousand DWT.
The Southport Liquid Bulk Terminal at Port Klang has two berths for the export of palm oil, coconut oil, and latex. Each berth is 177 meters (580.7 feet) long with alongside depth of 10.5 meters (34.4 feet), and they can accommodate vessels to 40 thousand tons.
Port Klang's Westports is equipped with pipelines between 250 and 1000 meters (820 to 3281 feet) long that transfer liquid bulk as fast as six thousand tons per hour from the berths. The five Westports liquid bulk berths are a total of 1361 meters (4465 feet). Liquid bulk berths 1 and 2 in Port Klang have alongside depth of 15 meters (49.2 feet). The outer and inner liquid bulk berths have alongside depth of 10 meters (32.8 feet), and liquid bulk berth 4 has alongside depth of 16.1 meters (52.8 feet).
Port Klang's Vehicle Transit Center, located at Westports, is a joint venture between Konsortium Perkapalan BHD, Mitsui OSK Line, NYK Line, and Klang Multi Terminal. The facility provides pre-shipment and pre?delivery inspections. A computerized vehicle tracking system is used to track shipments. The transit center's yard has capacity for 40 thousand vehicles, and the facility includes a body repair shop, a wrapping cover bay, and an accessory-fitting bay.
Port Klang has two terminals dedicated to serving passengers. One of the terminals serves cruise vessels, while the other is dedicated to ferries. Port Klang's cruise terminal, which serves the country's capital of Kuala Lumpur, is located on Pulau Indah and is operated by Port Klang Cruise Center. Many of the world's leading cruise lines like Royal Caribbean, Cunard, Princess Cruises, and Star Cruises visit the Port Klang Cruise Center each year.
The Port Klang Cruise Center can accommodate vessels to 50 thousand DWT, and it has three berths with a total length of 485 meters (1591 feet) and alongside depth of 10 meters (32.8 feet) for Berths 2 and 3. Berth one has alongside depth of 14 meters (45.9 feet). Including dolphins, the Port Klang Cruise Center berths are a total of 843 meters (2766 feet) long. The terminal has all the modern conveniences and services today's cruise passengers expect. The passenger cruise terminal at Port Klang's Southport serves ferry passengers traveling to/from Indonesia.
Port Klang is served by a sophisticated and efficient transportation network that supports the port's large cargo volumes. The corporate railway company Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) runs a daily service between Port Klang, Penang, and Bangkok. In addition, the inland Ipoh Cargo Terminal is connected to Port Klang by a 6-day per week rail service.
Port Klang is connected to Thailand by the North-South Expressway to Bukit Kayu Hitam on the border with Thailand. The 900-kilometer (1452-mile) highway runs along the western side of the peninsula and connects with the Klang Valley Expressway and Federal Highway Route 2, connecting Port Klang with its hinterlands.
Port Klang offers bunkering services that are committed to limiting accidental spills in the port. It has a new 1.3 million barrel bunker storage facility located in Westports that supports Port Klang's position as a major container hub.
Port Klang also offers ship-repair services that can address hulls and engines as well as electrical and electronic equipment. Divers are also available for underwater repairs and surveys.
Port Klang offers dry dock facilities at the Muhibbah Shipyard which can handle vessels up to 80 meters (262.5 feet) long or ten thousand DWT.
Port Klang provides fresh water from the mains to ships at the wharves in Northport and Westports. Water boats provide fresh water to Southport and port anchorages in Port Klang.
Port Klang was declared a free commercial zone in 1993 by the Malaysian Minister of Finance. Northport was gazetted in 1993. Port Klang's Southport was gazetted in 1994, and Westports was gazetted in 1996. Only commercial activities can be pursued in the Free Commercial Zone. Manufacturing activities are strictly prohibited in the Port Klang Free Commercial Zone. Activities that are allowed in the Port Klang Free Commercial Zone include transshipment, consolidation of cargo for shipment, trading, storage, regional distribution, sampling and inspection, packing/repacking, sorting and grading, labeling, and repair of goods in transit or storage.
Port Klang has two distribution parks that support the regional distribution of goods, re-export, cargo consolidation, back-to-back arrangement, and transit. They also offer the services of Port Klang's Global Procurement Office and its Asian Parts Centre.
The Northport Distripark (NDSB) is located in the Free Commercial Zone. Services offered at the NDSB range from conventional warehousing and storage to more complex facilities like temperature-controlled rooms.
Also located within the Free Commercial Zone is Port Klang's Westports Distribution Park (WPDP). This new 35.1-acre facility has one warehouse that covers 19 thousand square meters (4.7 acres). When it is finished, the WPDP will cover a total 186 thousand square meters (45.9 acres). WPDP is located for convenient access to Port Klang's terminals, and it is convenient to the port's multi-modal services. The new WPDP offers state-of-the-art high-ceiling storage, container freight stations, automated storage and retrieval systems, transtainers, and computerized gate controls.