The Portos e Caminhos de Ferro de Mocambique, E.P. is the port authority for the Port of Beira. The Port of Beira is accessed through the Macuti Channel of about 11 meters depth which is normally open 24 hours a day, with some limits on nighttime navigation. Vessels must anchor at the bar to await assistance into port, as the River creates many constantly-changing banks and shoals.
In 2004, 208 ocean-going and 80 coastal vessels called at the Port of Beira carrying 826.7 thousand tons of containerized cargo. The Port of Beira’s container terminal handled 46.8 thousand TEUs containing 240.3 thousand tons of imports, 240.7 thousand tons of exports, and 48.5 thousand tons of coastal traffic. The Port of Beira also handled 837.7 thousand tons of general cargo, including 345.7 thousand tons of imports, 486.0 thousand tons of exports, and six thousand tons of coastal cargo.
The Port of Beira contains a total of 1994 meters of wharf that has 11 berths. Berth 1 is reserved for the fishing harbor. The Port of Beira’s Container and Multi-Purpose Terminal includes a 645-meter long berth with alongside depth of 12 meters serviced by two 36-meter gantry cranes. The terminal also contains two covered sheds that of a total 11 thousand square meters, and it has capacity to handle 100 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo per year. The Port of Beira’s container storage and stacking facilities include a 200 thousand square meter lighted container yard with 144 reefer points that can accommodate 3117 TEUs and some IMDG dangerous goods. The facilities include a fully-secured transit warehouse of 8.4 thousand square meters for stuffing and stripping containers. They also include 3.7 thousand square meters of covered storage areas and a dedicated storage area for granite.
The Port of Beira’s General Cargo Terminal has a 670-meter wharf with four berthing positions with alongside depth of 10 meters and capacity to handle 2.3 million metric tons of cargo per year. General cargo storage facilities include five warehouses covering a total of 15 thousand square meters and 12 thousand square meters of open paved area for ferro chrome, steel, granite, and other breakbulk cargo. There is an additional 175 thousand square meters of storage extension area available.
Berth 6 at the General Cargo Terminal specializes in refrigerated cargoes that include exports of citrus, vegetables, and other fresh goods. Berth 8 contains the coal terminal, and the oil terminal is located at berths 11 and the new upstream berth 12. Berth 12 can accommodate vessels to 60 thousand DWT with 12 meters draft.
The Port of Beira also has a dry dock for vessels up to 110 meters long, and it supports a ferry service that carries passengers between small harbors along the coast.