The Puerto de Manzanillo, when measured by volume of cargo, is México?s busiest port. The Administración Portuaria Integral (API) de Manzanillo S.A. de C.V. is the port authority for the Puerto de Manzanillo. API Manzanillo is a federal agency created in 1993 with a 50-year concession to administer, promote, build, develop, and maintain the Puerto de Manzanillo.
API?s mission is to make positive contributions to production chains for national and international traffic that also contributes to the region?s economic growth. Seeking to increase the port?s capacity, the Puerto de Manzanillo?s API made improvements in the early 2000s that included dredging the channels and turning basins to 16 meters, widening the north turning basin, constructing new docks, dredging waterfront areas to create new space for development, constructing a new cargo distribution center, and expanding the highway to Jalipa. The Puerto de Manzanillo serves 15 states within México and 26 shipping lines bound for 74 ports around the world.
In 1995, the Puerto de Manzanillo began privatizing its terminals, facilities, and services. Today, all the port?s services are operated by private companies, and the Puerto de Manzanillo continues to seek new investors for the port and for port infrastructure construction and maintenance.
The Puerto de Manzanillo is located in Mexico's State of Colima (Spanish) on the Pacific Ocean coast. The Puerto de Manzanillo is the main Pacific gateway for international trade with access to Mexico's most important industrial and commercial corridor in the country's western and central regions.
The Puerto de Manzanillo serves some of Mexico's most important industries including the country's biggest iron deposit mined by Pena Colorada and Colima's world leader in the production of pectin (Agro-Industria Danisco Cultor SA de CV). Agro-Industria Brun Foods SA de CV cultivates, cans, and exports pickles and other agricultural products and operates canning facilities for seven American and European companies.
Apasco SA de CV operates the company's most productive cement plant in Tecoman, producing about 2.5 million tons each year. Marindustrias (Spanish) is one of Latin America's most dynamic producers of maritime products, offering 40 products that include tuna, shark, and giant squid.
The Puerto de Manzanillo handles a wide variety of cargoes. Containerized cargo handled in the Puerto de Manzanillo includes perishables, powdered milk, electronics, clothing and footwear, appliances, electronics, chemicals, automotive and spare parts, and tequila. General cargoes in the Puerto de Manzanillo include fertilizers, paraffin, steel products, plywood, paper, vehicles, livestock, and automotive and spare parts. Agricultural bulk, which makes up a significant portion of the goods handled by the Puerto de Manzanillo, includes wheat, canola, oats, sorghum, and rapeseed. Mineral bulk cargoes include cement, gypsum, sulfur, mineral fertilizers, urea, iron pellets, and potassium nitrate.
Products imported through the Puerto de Manzanillo reach destinations throughout Mexico. Cargoes of powdered milk and rubber originate in New Zealand, Taiwan, and Japan to be delivered through the Puerto de Manzanillo to Mexico's Federal District. The Puerto de Manzanillo receives urea, phosphate, and turnip seed bound for the State of Jalisco from the United States, Canada, Russia, Chile, and Libya. Fertilizers, sulfur, and steel laminate products come to the Puerto de Manzanillo from Canada, the United States, Japan, Russia, and Libya to arrive in the State of Queretaro. The State of Sinaloa receives fertilizers, calcium phosphate, and aluminum through the Puerto de Manzanillo from Canada, China, South Africa, Chile, and Korea. Canada, China, Chile, South Africa, and Korea send canola seeds, apples, paraffin, and steel bars through the Puerto de Manzanillo for the State of Mexico. The Puerto de Manzanillo imports fertilizers from the United States and Chile to be delivered to the State of Sonora, and Japan sends steel bars bound for Nuevo Leon through the Puerto de Manzanillo.
Exports leaving the Puerto de Manzanillo are bound for destinations around the world. Cement and gypsum produced in Colima go to the United States and Baja California. Beer, resin, and steel products made in the Federal District are destined for Japan, China, Korea, and Taiwan. Nuevo Leon manufacturers of beer, steel and laminated products, polystyrene, and strontium carbonate that go through the Puerto de Manzanillo on their way to Japan, China, and Korea. Jalisco producers of glucose, sugar, acrylic fibers, carbon, automobiles, and copper send their products through the Puerto de Manzanillo to New Zealand, China, Korea, Guatemala, and the United States. Zinc and lead concentrates, strontium carbonite, and steel tubes made in Coahuila leave the Puerto de Manzanillo bound for China, Japan, Taiwan, Korea, and Ecuador.
In 2008, 1871 commercial vessels and 30 cruise ships called at the Puerto de Manzanillo. The Puerto de Manzanillo handled 22.3 million tons of cargo in 2008, including 1.4 million TEUs of containerized cargo. The Puerto de Manzanillo welcomed almost 80.5 thousand passengers that year.
The Puerto de Manzanillo is Mexico's seventh busiest seaport, and it is a major transshipment point for trade with the United States and Central and South America. The Puerto de Manzanillo contains 14 docking sites for commercial trade, three sites dedicated for hydrocarbons, and two cruise facilities. The Puerto de Manzanillo contains 6.2 kilometers of (almost four miles) of internal roads and 24.7 kilometers (over 15 miles) of railways.
The Puerto de Manzanillo covers 437 hectares, including water, docks, and storage areas. The port has 19 docks, 14 hectares of storage areas, 13.5 kilometers of railway lines, and 5.4 kilometers of roads. Within the Puerto de Manzanillo, 14 docks are dedicated for commercial traffic, three docks handle hydrocarbons, and two docks are devoted to cruise traffic. Most infrastructure development has focused on the Interior Port San Pedrito, with specialized terminals and facilities and with an undeveloped area reserved for future growth of the port. Private operators also have 14 terminals and a double-stack train service in the Puerto de Manzanillo.
The Puerto de Manzanillo?s access channel is 500 meters (1640 feet) long and up to 14 meters (45.9 feet) deep. The northern turning basin contains three docking positions (13, 14, and 15 or Group B) that can receive vessels to 300 meters (984 feet) long with 16-meter (52.5-foot) draft. The southern turning basin contains three docking positions (4, 5, and 6 or Group C) accommodating vessels to 300 meters (984 feet) long with 14 meters (45.9 feet) draft.
Manzanillo has 14 privately-operated terminals and specialized installations for handling all types of cargo, providing world class productivity, allowing it to compete favorably with other ports on the Pacific Coast of Mexico.
The Puerto de Manzanillo?s SSA México operates a 25.9-hectare TECI container terminal has 1076 meters (3530 feet) of quays with four berths. The major shippers using the TECI terminal in the Puerto de Manzanillo include APL, Hamburg Sud, Hapag-Lloyd, MOL, MSC, NYK Line, K Line America, and CCNI.
Manzanillo SSA Mexico operates two public and two private berths at the TECI container terminal. Located in Group C, Berths 10, 12, and 13 each have berthing distance of 250 meters (820 feet), and Berth 11 has berthing distance of 300 meters (984 feet). Berths 10, 11, and 12 have maximum draft of 13 meters (42.7 feet), and Berth 13 has maximum draft of 13.5 meters (44.3 feet).
The TECI container terminal in the Puerto de Manzanillo has 25 hectares devoted to storage of containers with capacity for 19 thousand TEUs, including 344 reefer outlets. TECI also has 1.3 acres of storage for general cargo and 1.5 hectares of inspection area. This Puerto de Manzanillo terminal is served by three rail tracks, each of 500 meters (1640 feet). The truck gate has four inbound and four outbound lanes.
The TECI container terminal in the Puerto de Manzanillo is equipped with two super-post-Panamax, four post-Panamax, and three Panamax cranes. It has 32 rubber-tyred gantry cranes, 15 top- and side-loaders, 79 container chassis, and 104 bomb carts.
The Puerto de Manzanillo SSA Mexico also handles general cargo and steel products. The warehouse, with double access for delivery and receipt of cargo, has an area of 2300 square meters (24.8 thousand square feet). Equipment at this Puerto de Manzanillo warehouse includes forklifts with capacities from two to 27 US short tons. The terminal is also equipped with mechanical and remote control grabs, hopers for bulk grains and minerals, and rubber-tyred gantry cranes for its rail delivery operations. A variety of customers use the Puerto de Manzanillo SSA Mexico general cargo warehouse. They include Eurocan, Prologistik, Gearbulk, Penoles, Grupo Mexico, Serviaceros Planos, Honda, ISB Sola Basic, Mueller Industries, Subaru, Nexxtrade, Suzuki, Nissan (Spanish), Trafigura, Mitsui, and Unipress.
The four-acre Manjalba Container Terminal can serve three ships at the same time and can handle up to 120 containers per ship hour. The container terminal operated by Manjalba SA de CV is used to store containers.
The Puerto de Manzanillo has two multi-purpose terminals that handle general and containerized cargo.
Operadora de la Cuenca del Pacífico SA de CV (Spanish) operates an 8.5 hectare multi-purpose installation with capacity to store 2.8 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo. This Puerto de Manzanillo facility has capacity for 2800 TEUs of containerized cargo in addition to general cargoes.
The Manzanillo International Terminal (Terminal Internacional de Manzanillo SA de CV or TIMSA) is an 8.5 hectare multi-purpose facility owned by Hutchison Port Holdings. This Puerto de Manzanillo terminal is a key transshipment port and hub for Mexico's west coast located strategically to support trade between Asia and major Mexican cities and industrialized areas.
Frigorifico de Manzanillo SA de CV (Spanish) (Friman) began operating in the Puerto de Manzanillo in 2004 to handle chilled foods and fluids. Located in the San Pedrito harbor, the terminal covers 4.1 acres and contains 50 reefer outlets, a refrigerated walk with 18 gates and controlled temperature of 10°C (50°F). The facility has two chambers for refrigerating and freezing as many as 1200 tons of palletized cargo to -18°C (-0.4°F) and a module for inspections of animals and plants approved by Mexico's Secretary of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fish, and Feed (SAGARPA). The facility includes a sealed fumigation chamber with capacity for 250 pallets in racks for imports of Chilean fruits approved by SAGARPA to enter Mexico.
Other services offered by the Puerto de Manzanillo's Frigorifico de Manzanillo include cross-docking, segregation of goods, labeling cool and dry goods, storage of chilled and frozen goods, repair and strapping, and delivery of freight anywhere in Mexico. This Puerto de Manzanillo facility also consolidates and de-consolidates and washes containers and delivers empty containers to the shipping yard.
Servicios Alimenticios Mejorados (Spanish) (Enhanced Food Services SA) is a multi-modal corporation operating a 2.2-acre facility with 115 reefer outlets in the Puerto de Manzanillo with capacity to store up to three thousand tons of refrigerated products.
Exploracion de Yeso (US Gypsum Mexico (Spanish)) operates a 2.5-hectare gypsum-handling facility in the Puerto de Manzanillo that can load as much as 2000 tons per hour and can store 60 thousand tons of gypsum (or mineral plaster). Located at Dock 14, the terminal also receives general and containerized cargo. This Puerto de Manzanillo terminal has a 935-meter (3067-foot) conveyor system that can process up to 2100 tons per hour.
Cementos Mexicanos (CEMEX) in the Puerto de Manzanillo has a 3.1-acre terminal for handling and storing clinker (50 thousand tons capacity) and bulk cement (16 thousand tons capacity). The terminal has a 1.8-acre roofed warehouse and an 825 square meter (8880 square foot) open yard. This Puerto de Manzanillo facility has capacity for 23.5 thousand tons of cargo. Holcim APASCO operates Cementos Apasco SA de CV, a 1.7-hectare bulk cement warehouse that can store up to 25 thousand tons.
Two terminals handle agricultural bulk in the Puerto de Manzanillo offering a combined capacity for 95 thousand tons of cargo. Comercializadora la Junta SA de CV operates a 3.5-hectare grain terminal in the San Pedrito harbor that handles agricultural bulk products and containers in the Puerto de Manzanillo. The facility can store 50 thousand tons of bulk cargo and 1800 TEUs of containerized cargo. The facility can download as much as one thousand tons per hour. The Granelera Manzanillo operates a 2.7-acre agricultural bulk terminal in the Puerto de Manzanillo that has capacity to store 45 thousand tons and to unload 90 tons per hour.
Marfrigo SA de CV, or Maritime Services, operates the MARFRIGO Terminal and seafood facility in the Puerto de Manzanillo. The facility has a one-acre facility has three docking stations with berthing distance of 210 meters (689 feet) with three berths in Group A, 200 meters (656 feet) with three berths in Group B, and 122 meters (400 feet) with two berths in Group C. The terminal has a depth of seven meters (23 feet) with maximum draft of six meters (19.7 feet). The docks support the MARFRIGO seafood processing plant where five refrigerated chambers with a total area of 3681 square meters (39.6 thousand square feet) with capacity for 5500 tons.
The Terminal Pesquera in the Puerto de Manzanillo has storage capacity for 3500 tons of marine products in its freezer chambers.
The Puerto de Manzanillo's Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) operates an 11.8-hectare hydrocarbons terminal for receiving and storing fuel. A specialized facility at the terminal also handles liquid bulk products like fish oil and palm oil with capacity for 13.9 cubic meters (118.5 US barrels). The 2.8-hectare PEMEX Refining oil terminal has three berths.
The Colima State Government operates the new 2.3-hectare Terminal Turistica (Cruise Terminal) in the Puerto de Manzanillo. Located in the historic city center, the terminal can moor two Panamax cruisers simultaneously at its 225- to 380-meter (738- to 1247-foot) berths.