The Administracion Portuaria Integral de Veracruz, SA de CV, is the port authority for the Port of Veracruz. The port authority's vision is to become the leading port organization in creating business opportunities, and its mission is to promote and maintain profitable port business by efficient transfer of cargo and best use of the port infrastructure.
In 1991, the Federal Government took over the control and administration of the Port of Veracruz and brought in private stevedoring companies to improve cargo-handling operations. In 1993, the Mexican Congress passed the General Ports Act to regulate all aspects of the country's ports and to create the Integrated Port Administrations. The Administracion Portuaria Integral de Veracruz (APIVER) was established in 1994.
The APIVER is a variable capital corporation with a 50-year concession, extendable another 50 years, to manage and operate the Port of Veracruz facilities and buildings. Through third parties, APIVER manages port facilities, operates terminals, and port facilities.
The Port of Veracruz boasts state-of-the-art infrastructure and technology and the ability to load and discharge cargo in an efficient and timely manner. The Port of Veracruz has excellent connections to Mexico's important population centers by both road and rail.
In 2008, the Port of Veracruz served 1671 vessels carrying a total of 18.4 million tons of cargo, including 17.2 million tons of foreign cargo and 1.2 million tons of cabotage. The Port of Veracruz handled a total of 6.9 million tons of containerized cargo in over 716 thousand TEUs. All cabotage was incoming cargo from PEMEX, Mexico's oil giant. Foreign cargoes through the Port of Veracruz included 12.7 million tons of imports and 4.5 million tons of exports. Foreign cargoes consisted of 9.4 million tons of general cargo, 4.6 million tons of agricultural bulk, 2.3 million tons of mineral bulk, and 886.9 thousand tons of fluids.
Foreign imports handled by the Port of Veracruz in 2008 included general cargo (3.1 million tons), corn (2 million tons), petroleum coke (1 million tons), wheat (898.6 thousand tons), soya (719.6 thousand tons), full containers (684.8 thousand tons), steel (574.4 thousand tons), and fertilizers (566.8 thousand tons). Other foreign imports in volumes greater than 100 thousand tons were scrap, vegetable oils, sorgum, rice, canola, vehicles, pig iron, tallow, and benzene. The Port of Veracruz also imported over 240 thousand vehicles in 2008.
The Port of Veracruz exported over three million tons of containerized cargo in 2008. Other major exports (in volumes over 100 thousand tons) were automobiles (655 thousand tons), tubes (352.7 thousand tons), steel (241.8 thousand tons), sugar (123.3 thousand tons), fluids (109.4 thousand tons), and molasses (105.8 thousand tons). The Port of Veracruz exported over 414 thousand vehicles in 2008. Exports in volumes less than 100 thousand tons included clinker, calcium hydrate and calcium oxide, wheat flour, machinery, ethanol, and steel tanks.
With over three thousand meters of piers, The Port of Veracruz contains 11 berths ranging in length from 178 to 507 meters. The Containers Pier is over 507 meters long with alongside depth of 12.8 meters. The Cement Pier is 178 meters long alongside depth of 10.7 meters.