The Socialist Ports Company is the port authority for the Port of Benghazi, serving mostly general and bulk cargoes and containers. The major exports leaving the port are wool, hides, sheep and goats, hair fabrics, and wool rugs. Important imports include foodstuffs, textiles, pottery, tobacco, and chemical products.
The Port of Benghazi can accommodate vessels to 167.6 meters long with draft of 8.53 meters. There are two approaches to the Port of Benghazi from the southwest and from the north. Strong westerly winds sometimes cause heavy seas that make anchorage dangerous, particularly during the winter. Tidal range is about 0.6 meters.
The Port of Benghazi has seven berths. In the inner harbor, three berths at the Rasif Libya Wharf and Rasif Juliana Wharf total 494 meters in length. The Rasif Libya berths have alongside depth of 4.8 meters, and the berth at Rasif Juliana has alongside depth of 3.1 meters. The three outer harbor berths total 778 meters in length at a depth of 8.2 meters.
Three steel pontoon berths are used by small vessels to move cargoes directly into trucks for delivery to consignees. Maximum vessel length at the pontoons is 60 meters, and maximum draft is 4.3 meters. Three buoy berths are also available for lighter cargoes.
Containerized cargoes are handled at the general berths with other cargoes, and the Port of Benghazi can handle roll-on/roll-off cargoes. Two berths are dedicated for tankers. Rasif Juliana Wharf also has a buoy berth that can handle vessels to 107 meters long with draft of 7.3 meters.
The Port of Benghazi includes eight transit sheds covering about 17.5 thousand square meters, and ample open storage yards are available. Work is underway to add three thousand meters of quay and related facilities to the Port of Benghazi.