The Mokpo Regional Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Office is responsible for managing and operating the Port of Mokpo. As the port authority, the Office is modernizing and expanding port facilities to make it faster, easier, and more convenient for its customers and visitors. Since it opened in 1897, the Port of Mokpo has become the fourth busiest port in Korea after Busan, Incheon, and North Korea's Wonsan.
From June 2008 until June 2009, the Port of Mokpo welcomed 9686 vessels carrying a total of 14.2 million tons of cargo. Over 8200 coastal vessels called at port carrying 10.2 million tons of cargo, and more than 1400 ocean-going vessels arrived/departed carrying four million tons of cargo.
Cargoes throughputs in the Port of Mokpo included 462.3 thousand tons of containerized cargo in 83.2 thousand TEUs. Of the total, 370 thousand tons of cargo was on coastal ships, and 92.2 thousand tons of cargo was on ocean-going ships. Coastal vessels calling at the Port of Mokpo carried 224.2 thousand tons of containerized vegetables and 145.8 thousand tons of containerized animal products. Ocean-going vessels carried containers with 62.7 thousand tons of energy-related fuels, 21.3 thousand tons of tobacco, 5.9 thousand tons of paints and dyes, over 1600 tons of fruits, and 763 tons of grain products.
Ocean-going cargo throughput in the Port of Mokpo included a wide range of cargo categories. The dominant cargoes were medical instruments (1.3 million tons) and ore, slag, and ash (1 million tons). Other major ocean-borne cargoes handled in the Port of Mokpo included grain products (533.4 thousand tons), ginseng seed oil (329.9 thousand tons), fish (310.9 thousand tons), and plant products (206.6 thousand tons). Cargoes in volumes less than 100 thousand tons included beverages and vinegar, fuel, fruits and nuts, meat, tobacco, forage, grain, dyes and paints, inorganic compounds, trees and flowers, fruit products, and dairy products.
Coastal cargoes in the Port of Mokpo were dominated by ore, slag, and ash (4.4 million tons); grain (2.1 million tons; and fruits and nuts (1.3 million tons). Other major coastal cargoes through the Port of Mokpo were fish and meat (891.3 thousand tons), medical instruments (725.3 thousand tons), plant products (230.2 thousand tons), vegetables (224.2 thousand tons), animal products (157 thousand tons), and dyes and paints (118 thousand tons). Other coastal cargoes included vegetable exports; cocoa; fertilizer; grain products; sugar; inorganic compounds; fuel; fish; and soil, stone and salt.
The Port of Mokpo 2.7 kilometers of quays that can accommodate 14 vessels from 30 to 50 thousand DWT and ten floating piers that can accommodate 90 vessels under 100 tons. The Port of Mokpo also has almost 15 hectares of open storage area with capacity for 461 thousand tons of cargo.
The Port of Mokpo's Samhak Wharf contains four berths totaling 793 meters in length with total annual handling capacity for 1.4 million tons of grains, coal, and general cargoes. Berths 1 and 4 can each accommodate one five thousand ton vessel. Berths 2 and 3 can each handle one 30 thousand ton vessel.
The Daebul Wharf in the Port of Mokpo contains three berths, each handling one vessel of 20 thousand tons and each with annual cargo-handling capacity of 630 thousand tons. Thus, the Daebul Wharf has capacity for almost 1.9 million tons of cargoes produced in the Daebul Industrial Complex.
The Port of Mokpo's Passenger Wharves support a total of 83 passenger ships on 59 routes to Jeju, Hongdo, and the nearby islands. The planned international passenger terminal in the Port of Mokpo will support international routes with ports in China, Japan, and Northeast Asia.
The Port of Mokpo contains four exclusive wharves serving private interests shipping cement, oil, and iron. The Ssanyong Pier serves vessels of 10 thousand tons and has annual cargo-handling capacity for 756 thousand tons of cargo. The Port of Mokpo's Dongyang Pier, also serving 10 thousand ton vessels, has capacity for 635 thousand tons of cargo per year. The Samho Pier can accommodate one 10 thousand ton and one 20 thousand ton vessel and has annual cargo-handling capacity for a total of more than one million tons. The Oil Dolphin in the Port of Mokpo, accommodating two six thousand ton vessels, serves four oil refineries and can handle 1.5 million tons of cargo per year.
The Mokpo New Port is being developed as a hub port to accommodate increasing cargo volumes and trade with China. The Port of Mokpo New Port will also contribute significantly to the local and national economies. It will support the success of the Honam railroad, the Mang-wun International Airport, and the West Coast Highway in creating a comprehensive sea-air-land transportation network. The Port of Mokpo New Port will be located on Goha Island in Mokpo City. Scheduled for completion in 2011, it will contain 4.9 kilometers of quays and 5.1 kilometers of access roads.
The Port of Wando, located some 40 kilometers south-southeast of the Port of Mokpo on Wando Island serves as an open port to help meet increasing demands. There are three Port of Mokpo berths at Wondo. Berth 1 handles fishing boats and general cargo ships of less than 500 tons. Berth 2 serves passenger ships, government vessels, and public vessels of less than 6300 tons. Berth 3 is equipped to handle general cargo ships and container ships of less than 20 thousand tons. Combined annual cargo-handling capacity for Berths 2 and 3 is 707 thousand tons.