The Yeosu Regional Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Office is the port authority for the Port of Gwangyang and for Port Yeosu. The port authority has three major objectives: to increase the Port of Gwangyang's productivity and competitiveness by building the support facility located behind the harbor and reforming operations; to support the success of the 2012 Yeosu World Expo, create a marine culture, and increase tourism; and to create a positive environment for 21st Century vessel traffic.
The Yeosu Regional Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Office has seven specific goals to support its objectives. These goals include:
Located on the major shipping lanes that link Asia, Europe, and the United States, the Port of Gwangyang is in an ideal position to be an important hub for logistics. The Port of Gwangyang has a natural breakwater and naturally deep channels with a depth of 16 meters (52.5 feet) that can support today's mega-vessels to 300 thousand tons.
The Port of Gwangyang covers a water area of 14.5 hectares, and it contains 78 berths that accommodate some 43 thousand ships and handle about 200 million tons of cargo per year. Vessels calling at the Port of Gwangyang include oil tankers carriers of containers, bulk cargoes, chemicals, and liquefied natural gas.
The 4,231 square kilometer (45.5 thousand square mile) container terminal, combined with additional support and logistics facilities and the new Yulchon Songdo District near Seoul, gives logistics companies in the Port of Gwangyang a competitive advantage. The Port of Gwangyang is surrounded by closely-related facilities that include large-scale industrial complexes, the 96 thousand square kilometer (more than one million square mile) Port of Gwangyang Industrial Complex, the 31 thousand square kilometer (337 thousand square mile) Yeuso National Industrial Complex, and the POSCO Gwangyang Works. The Port of Gwangyang also is a base for fundamental industrial products that include petrochemical products, fertilizers, iron ore, coal, and steel products.
The Port of Gwangyang is also the starting point for the transcontinental railroad that includes the Trans-Korean Railroad (TKR), the Trans-Siberian Railway (TSR), and the Trans-China Railway and links the Korean peninsula with China, Russia, and Europe.
There are five districts within 90 thousand square kilometer (972 thousand square mile) Port of Gwangyang Free Economic Zone. The Gwangyang District includes the Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal. The Free Economic Zone also contains the Sindeok District, Yulchon District, Hwayang District, and the Hadong District. The Free Economic Zone contributes greatly to the infrastructure supporting logistics, manufacturing, housing, and tourism activities in the Port of Gwangyang and make it an important business center for Northeast Asia.
The Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal boasts a 100 percent on-dock system that supports today's mega-vessels carrying over ten thousand TEUs of containerized cargo. The terminal can make an average of 30 moves per hour, making it a highly productive facility. Supported by state-of-the-art information technology systems and automated gate-in and gate-out services enhance the logistics functions of the Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal. Global shipping lines like APL, CMA, Hanjin, Maersk, and Hyundai Merchant Marine Company provide worldwide and feeder services at the Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal.
Most of the planned development at the Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal have been completed. This includes fifteen 50-thousand ton berths and five 20-thousand ton berths with total capacity for 19.3 million TEUs of containerized cargo. An additional fourteen 50-thousand ton berths are planned to be completed by 2020 that will add capacity for 5.6 million TEUs. Existing berths offer total quay length of 17.6 kilometers (10.9 miles) with alongside depth of 16 meters (52.5 feet).
The Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal covers a total area of 274.6 hectares, and its container yards cover a total of 170.7 hectares. The Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal includes eight Container Freight Stations of one-half hectare. The Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal is equipped with 30 container cranes, and it has storage capacity for 123 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo with over 44.8 thousand terminal ground slots.
Planned to be completed by 2012, the east-side hinterland logistics complex supporting the Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal offers over one thousand square kilometers (11.7 thousand square miles) for lease. Logistics companies are served by support facilities, green areas, and a joint logistics center. This is supplemented by the almost two-thousand square kilometer (45.5 thousand square mile) west-side hinterland logistics complex. These hinterland logistics complexes cover a combined area of 196.2 hectares, including 107.7 hectares of lease property.
The Port of Gwangyang's management information systems provide round-the-clock real-time information for ship and cargo movements, facilities, and the port's import and export operations. The Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal information technology operation system ensures timely and cost-effective support for cargo-handling in the container yards. The Port of Gwangyang also has an integrated port logistics system that monitors in real time the status, movement, and processing of all cargo.
Logis-ALL International Company operates a freezing/refrigeration warehouse and a composite transportation warehouse on a 2.8-hectare lot in the Port of Gwangyang. The freezing and refrigeration warehouse offers services that include storage, processing, packaging, reclassification, and labeling of frozen and refrigerated cargo. This Port of Gwangyang warehouse has two 75-square-meter (807-square-foot) freezer rooms and four 2360-square-meter (25.4-thousand-square-foot) refrigeration rooms. The Port of Gwangyang's composite transportation warehouse has total floor space of 2172 square meters (23.4 thousand square feet) and warehouse space of 1944 square meters (20.9 thousand square feet), including a 190-square-meter (two-thousand-square-foot) office space.
The Port of Gwangyang is served by the north-south Gyeongjeon and the east-west Jeolla lines. Additional rail lines are planned for the Port of Gwangyang. The 2.5-kilometer (1.6-mile) east-side entry railroad and freight railroad station connects with the Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal and has capacity to handle 200 thousand TEUs per year. The seven-kilometer (4.3-mile) east-west entry railroad and freight station contributes additional cargo-handling capacity in the Port of Gwangyang.
The Port of Gwangyang is served by three expressways, eight national highways, and 18 national supporting roads. Two more expressways and nine more national highways are planned for construction or expansion. The six-kilometer (3.7-mile) east-side driveway connects the Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal to the expressway, and the 11.4-kilometer (7.1 mile) west-side driveway connects the Gwangyang EUP Interchange and the Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal.
There are four international and domestic airports within an hour of the Port of Gwangyang. They are the Yeosu Airport, the Gwangju Airport, the Sacheon Airport, and the Muan International Airport. The 1948 Gwangju International Airport serves both passengers and cargo at two terminals. In 2011, the Gwangju airport served almost 1.4 million passengers. When its two international flights were transferred to Muan airport, Gwangju became a domestic service handling flights to Jeju and Gimpo. Completed in late 2007, the Muan International Airport replaced the old Mokpo Airport and will probably replace the Gwangju Airport in the future. Managed by the Korea Airports Corporation, the Muan International Airport served over 91 thousand passengers in 2011. Two airlines use the domestic Sacheon Airport for limited commercial flights. The Republic of Korea's Air Force Education and Training Command (Korean) has been located there since 1998 to train pilots and test aircraft. Serving the City of Yeosu, Yeosu Airport served over 627 thousand passengers in 2011.
The Port of Gwangyang's Joint Logistics Center offers the full range of logistics services like assembly, storage, processing, and distribution. The Joint Logistics Center in the Port of Gwangyang covers an area of 7.4 hectares and contains 3.3 hectares of floor space. The logistics building contains 2.8 hectares of space for lease, and it includes a 1.2-acre office building.
Pilotage is required for vessels over 500 gross tons. Pilots are provided to the Port of Gwangyang by the Yeosu District Pilot Association. Vessels should report to the Port Traffic Management Service from 12 to 24 hours in advance of movement.
The Port of Gwangyang's Marine Center, or the maritime business building, supports resident companies in the Port of Gwangyang's Free Trade Zone. The business center offers one-stop services including administrative processes, and it contains other amenities. The main facilities include shipping and Port of Gwangyang services like immigration, quarantine, quality control, and customs. It is home to the Korea Container Terminal authority, offices, and financial institutions. The Port of Gwangyang's Marine Center also has a large multi-purpose hall, meeting rooms, a restaurant, and a convenience store.
The Port of Gwangyang offers a rest center for freight car drivers that use the container terminal. Covering over one thousand square meters (11.7 thousand square feet), the rest center has a restaurant, bath, car wash, gas station, garage, and parking lot. SKCTA Company operates the Port of Gwangyang's rest center.
The Port of Gwangyang also offers the Seaman's Club for the convenience of ships' crews. Located in the Port of Gwangyang Container Terminal area, the three-story Seaman's Club has 2360 square meters (25.4 thousand square feet) of floor space that includes a recreation room, restaurant, sauna, convenience store, and the Korea Seafarer's Welfare and Employment Center.