The Port of Yokosuka offers 100 berths serving commercial, military, fishing, and ferry traffic. With the Nissan Oppama plant nearby, the Port of Yokosuka is an important shipping point for automobiles. The port’s fishing fleet lands tuna and other fish species. Ferries operating from the Port of Yokosuka take travelers and cargo to Tokyo, Isu Oshima, and Ōita on Kyūshū, Japan’s southern and third largest island.
The Yokosuka City Hall Port and Harbor Department is the port authority managing the Port of Yokosuka. Located in the Tokyo-Yokohama metropolitan area, the Port of Yokosuka serves the national capital region with easy highway access to the capital city.
The Port of Yokosuka harbor area covers over 5.5 thousand hectares and contains 100 berths at depths of more than 4.5 meters. In 2004, over 28 thousand ships visited the port carrying more almost 17 million tons of cargo, including 2.1 million tons of foreign cargo and 14.8 million tons of domestic goods. This included about 8.8 million tons of exports and 8.1 million tons of imports.
The Port of Yokosuka contains five major freight areas: Pursuit beach (with an anchoring area of 229 thousand square meters), Nagaura (395.9 thousand square meters), Newport (593.7 thousand square meters), Heisel (95.6 thousand square meters), and Hisashi village beach (1.1 million square meters). An additional 6.1 million square meter quarantine berth lies outside the main port area. Of the total 9.1 million square meters of anchoring area, 7.2 million square meters (over 78%) is at depths of 9 meters and above, 730.7 thousand square meters (8%) is at depths from 7.5 to 9 meters, and the remaining 1.2 million square meters (14%) is at depths from 4.5 to 7.5 meters.
The Pursuit beach handled most of the Port of Yokosuka’s 2004 cargo, including virtually all foreign trade and over half of all domestic trade. Of the total 10.2 million tons of cargo handled at Pursuit beach, 6.2 million tons was exports and 4.0 million tons was imports. Hisashi village beach handled a major portion of the total, 5.7 million tons of cargo, including 2.1 million tons of exports and 3.6 million tons of imports.
The Port of Yokosuka’s Nagaura Pier contains three berths. Handling vessels to 15 thousand DWT, the first berth is 200 meters long with alongside depth of 10 meters. The quay pier is 153 meters long with alongside depth 9 meters, and it can accommodate vessels to 10 thousand DWT. At 200 meters long with alongside depth of 5 meters, the inside pier accommodates vessels to 500 DWT. The main public mooring buoy has four berths, three of them handling vessels to 800 DWT, and one of them with capacity to handle vessels to 3 thousand DWT. The Nagaura Pier area contains the bulk of warehouses and storage sheds.
The Shinko Pier at the Port of Yokosuka is the primary point of export for automobiles. It has become the heart of the commercial harbor. With capacity for docking ten vessels at the same time, the berths are a total of 1015 meters long with alongside depths ranging from 4.5 to 10 meters. These berths can accommodate vessels from 700 to 5 thousand DWT.
At a total 390 meters long with alongside depths of 4.5 and 5.5 meters, the Port of Yokosuka’s Heisei Pier can accommodate five vessels at once, including two 700-DWT and three 2 thousand DWT vessels. The 1990 quay at the Heisei Pier has been strengthened to make it earthquake-proof.
The Kurihama Pier at Hisashi village beach in the Port of Yokosuka is considered the Tokyo entrance of the port, and it is located near the Yokohama-Yokosuka road and the nation’s highway network. With four quays at a total length of 700 meters and alongside depths ranging from 4.5 to 9 meters, the Kurihama Pier can accommodate six vessels at the same time ranging from 700 to 16 thousand DWT.