The Aqaba Ports Corporation (APC) is the port authority for the Port of Aqaba. The APC is responsible for developing, managing, maintaining, promoting, and securing the safety for the port and its customers. The Port of Aqaba covers a total area of two million square meters, including 1.7 million square meters of land and 380.8 square meters of sea. The port also contains an additional 178.1 thousand square meters for the oil refinery, grain silos, free zones, and military fridge. The main Port of Aqaba covers one million square meters.
At a strategic location between the continents of Asia, Europe, and Africa, the Port of Aqaba plays a vital role in Jordan’s economy. It is the country’s only seaport, handling 78% of Jordan’s exports and 65% of the country’s imports. The Port of Aqaba contains three main areas: the main port zone, the containers port zone, and the industrial port zone.
The Port of Aqaba’s Main Port Zone, near the town of Aqaba, contains 12 berths with a total length of 2120 meters. The berths are used for handling general cargoes and grain, exporting phosphate, and supporting roll-on/roll-off and lighter traffic.
The General Cargo Port includes nine berths of 1510 meters with alongside depth of 13 meters that can accommodate vessels to 70 thousand DWT. Each berth includes a 35-meter wide apron, a transit shed, partly-covered shed, and open storage. Berth 1 is dedicated to imported grain, with capacity to move about a thousand tons per hour from vessels by conveyor belt to the grain silos.
Also in the Port of Aqaba’s General Cargo Port are the local craft mid-basin and slipway containing three berths used for mooring pilot boats, tugs, lighters, and small ships less than 100 meters long with maximum draft of six meters. The phosphate loading station contains Berth A, 220 meters long with alongside depth of 11 meters, to accommodate vessels to 30 thousand DWT. In addition to loading/unloading up to a thousand tons per hour, the berth accommodates ships for bunkering, including those that import mineral and vegetable oils. Phosphate Berth B is 180 meters long with alongside depth of 14.4 meters. It can accommodate vessels to 120 thousand DWT and can load/unload up to 4400 tons per hour.
The Port of Aqaba’s Containers Port Zone is located five kilometers south of the main port area and contains seven berths of a total one thousand meters in length. The Mo’ta Berth, a floating berth 150 meters long with alongside depth of 23 meters, can accommodate vessels to 53 thousand DWT. Located to the north of the Container Terminal, the Mo’ta Berth supports the rice-processing plant and is also used for livestock.
The Containers Port Zone’s Moshterak Berth, a dolphin berth, is 120 meters long with alongside depth of 11 meters. It can accommodate vessels to 100 thousand DWT carrying cement exports and imports of vegetable oil and livestock.
The Container Terminal includes three berths of a total 540 meters in length with alongside depth of 15 meters that can accommodate vessels to 84 thousand DWT. The roll-on/roll-off berth is 40 meters long with alongside depth of 10 meters.
The Yarmouk Berth contains the Port of Aqaba’s Passenger Terminal. The floating berth is 150 meters long with alongside depth of 23 meters and is used for both passengers and roll-on/roll-off ships to 19 thousand DWT with draft of 9 meters. Built in 1986 by joint contributions from Jordan, Iraq, and Egypt, the Passenger Terminal provides a vital link between the east and west sides of the Gulf of Aqaba.
The Port of Aqaba Industrial Port Zone is located 18 kilometers south of the Main Port Zone. With a total length of 640 meters, they were created to handle oil, timber, and industrial products. The Oil Jetty, a four-dolphin berth, is used for export and import of oil and oil products. It is 150 meters long with alongside depth of 24 meters and can accommodate oil tankers to 406 thousand DWT. Supporting cargoes of livestock and timber, the Timber Berth is 80 meters long with alongside depth of 7 meters and can accommodate vessels to 14 thousand DWT.
The Port of Aqaba’s four Industrial Berths were built in 1981. The handle imports and exports of fertilizers, salt, sulfur, chemicals, and potash. Accommodating vessels to 70 thousand DWT, the west berth is 220 meters long with alongside depth of 15 meters. The west berth handles potash, sulfur, potash, salt, and dry bulk cargoes. The east berth is 190 meters long with alongside depth of 11 meters. Accommodating vessels to 40 thousand DWT, the east berth handles bulk fertilizers, ammonia, and chemical products.
The Port of Aqaba contains a variety of storage facilities. It contains 62 thousand square meters of closed storage, 41.2 thousand square meters of covered storage, 245 thousand square meters of open storage, and refrigerated storage with capacity for 500 tons of cargo. Storage facilities for specific cargoes include facilities for phosphate (310 ton capacity), grain (silos with capacity for 150 thousand tons), potash (150 thousand tons), rice (55 thousand tons), and cement (30 thousand tons).
In 2008, the Port of Aqaba welcomed over three thousand vessel calls. Of these, 1.8 thousand ships carried passengers, including 103 cruise ships. The remaining 1336 cargo vessels included 362 container vessels and vessels carrying dry bulk (347), liquid bulk (202), roll-on/roll-off cargoes (195), general cargo (93), and miscellaneous cargoes (34). The Port of Aqaba served 1.2 million passengers in 2008. It handled 17 million tons of cargo, including 9.2 million tons of imports and 7.8 million tons of exports.