The Port Authority of Venice was created in 1996 as an independent agency to plan, control, and promote port activities. The port authority strives to strengthen the maritime infrastructure and land access to the Port of Venice and to complement cargo-handling activities by providing logistics services, encouraging the development of trade consistent with the social and economic needs of the community and the nation.
In 2008, over 30.2 million tons of cargo passed through the Port of Venice, including 8.6 million tons of conventional cargoes, 3.7 million tons of containerized cargo (in 379 thousand TEUs), 2.6 million tons of roll-on/roll-off cargoes, and 4.3 thousand tons of liquid bulk cargoes. The commercial port area handled 15.0 million tons of cargo. The industrial port handled 4.3 million tons, and the oil port area handled 10.9 million ton of cargo. Conventional cargoes included iron works (2.7 million tons), other dry bulk (1.6 million tons), cast iron ? scraps (1.4 million tons), meals products (898 thousand tons), cereals (847.7 thousand tons), and coal (745.8 thousand tons). Of the 3641 vessels that anchored in the Port of Venice in 2008, 1415 vessels carried over 1.7 million passengers.
Today, the focus of commerce and industry for the Port of Venice is in the mainland harbor of Marghera Port, occupying about 1800 hectares. This includes a refinery and warehouse for petroleum and an oil pipeline. Much of the port is managed by third party business interests operating a dedicated area in Marghera Port of about 230 hectares. Private interests also operate two terminals of about 55 hectares for containerized cargo. The Port of Venice passenger sector serves cruise ships, ferries, and fast ships like hydrofoils. The passenger sector occupies about 50 hectares in the Old Town area of the Port of Venice.
Cargo-handling activities in the Port of Venice are largely performed by private parties, many of whom own the facilities. One major cargo group is cereals and flour, and the commodities include corn, soybeans, grains, oilseed, and flour.
Energy products entering the Port of Venice include coal, anthracite, litantrace, petroleum coke, and metallurgical coke. Private interests in the Port of Venice handles large volumes of diverse bulk cargoes that are destined for inland manufacturing companies. Bulk cargoes include bentonite, pyrite, fluorite, sulfur, cement, clay, salt, sand, bauxite, feldspar, gypsum, magnesium carbonate, and oxide.
Private companies also handle steel products in the Port of Venice that are moved in bulk and in packages. These products are often destined for companies in the Port of Venice's hinterland that receive the raw materials and manufacture finished products. Steel product cargoes handled in bulk include scrap, pig iron, and ferroalloys. Steel product cargoes handled in packages include plates, coils, sections, and steel beams. Rolling stock is handled by third-party operators and includes vehicles.
The Port of Venice's multi-purpose Intermodal Terminal Venezia SpA (TIV) is entirely private and specializes in fully integrated mixed loads, iron and steel, marble, and project cargoes. TIV is the Port of Venice's largest terminal in both space and number of berths available. More recently, the TIV has begun to handle containerized cargo.
Founded in 1997, the Terminal Reinfuse Marghera Srl is the traditional industrial site at the Port of Venice's Porto Marghera. The terminal specializes in handling solid fuels, minerals, and iron and steel products. Covering an area of about 100 thousand square meters, this Port of Venice terminal has more than two kilometers of interior track and good connections to the country's rail network. The terminal moves about 400 thousand tons of goods per year and primarily supplies industrial sites in northeast Italy.
The Port of Venice's Terminal Reinfuse Italia SpA (TRI) contains three platforms in Venice (at the Marghera bulk terminal), Genoa, and Savona-Vado. TRI is a leader for Italy in handling bulk goods in the Adriatic Sea and Tyrrhenian Sea areas, with many routes to countries of the Mediterranean, Turkey, and the Black Sea basin. The TRI has solid connections by road and rail with the national networks.
Terminal Venice Porto Marghera, containing the Commercial Pier B and Porto Marghera, is fully equipped to offer competitive services. This Port of Venice terminal contains a total storage area of 170 thousand square meters, including 20 thousand square meters of indoor storage, and a 60 thousand cubic meter cereal silo. The silo for storage of agricultural-food products is Europe's biggest, with capacity for 135 thousand cubic meters. The terminal handles roll-on/roll-off cargoes. In addition to handling agricultural products like cereals, the terminal handles bulk cargoes like coal, ferroalloys, and pig iron.
Transped SpA performs logistics services in the Port of Venice for handling industrial and general cargoes. Transped manages storage, packaging, assembly, and shipment of cargoes. The company has a large fleet equipped with ample specialized equipment and large facilities and warehouses in Porto Marghera. Vecon SpA operations in the Port of Venice involve containers, rolling stock, and packages.
Cruise terminals 107/108, 103, and 117 in the Port of Venice's passenger port offer a wide range of amenities and services for cruises sailing the Adriatic and Mediterranean Seas. Terminal 117 is the main cruise terminal for the Port of Venice.
Terminal 123 is dedicated to ferry passengers and roll-on/roll-off cargoes traveling between the Port of Venice and Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean. Regular ferry lines using Terminal 123 provide routes between the European community and the Eastern Mediterranean. Opened in 1999, the ferry terminal covers about 60 thousand square meters, and its two docks can accommodate two ships at the same time.
Terminal San Basilio 22 in the Port of Venice provides fast-vessel services, primarily hydrofoils and catamarans, to Croatia and Slovenia. The terminal covers 2.5 thousand square meters and has complete passenger services including baggage, check in, and border and customs controls. This service increased from over 76 thousand passengers in 1997 to over 111 thousand passengers in 2006.
The Port of Venice also offers mooring and facilities for yachts and maxi-yachts. The Venice Yacht Pier has been of increasing popularity, and it is planning to develop new berthing areas and improve existing berths. Since there are no large marinas in the Port of Venice, yacht berths are scattered in several zones. Most of the alongside berths are in the southeast area of Venezia near St. Mark's Square. Yachtsmen are advised to use an agency to help with arrangements before entering the Port of Venice.