The Port Authority of Naples ( Autorita Portuale di Napoli) is a public corporation established by law and the governing organization for the port area with budgetary, financial, and administrative responsibilities. The port authority's duties include planning, coordinating, controlling, and ensuring the safety of port operations; maintaining common and shared Port of Napoli areas, including the seabed; and regulating port services provided to port users for payment.
The Port of Napoli is one of Italy's best ports and one of the most important seaports in the Mediterranean region. In 2008, the Port of Napoli handled a total of almost 19.4 million tons of cargo, including 3.3 million tons in international and European Union traffic and 16.1 million tons of cabotage.
Cargoes handled at the Port of Napoli in 2008 included 6.1 million tons of roll-on/roll-off cargo, 4.7 million tons of solid bulk, 4.3 million tons of liquid bulk, and 4.2 million tons of containerized cargo (in 481.5 thousand TEUs). Liquid bulk cargoes were dominated by refined products (2.0 million tons) and gas (1.1 million tons). The Port of Napoli also welcomed 9 million passengers, including 2.3 million cruise passengers and 6.7 million line passengers.
The Port of Napoli contains four major mooring areas for coastal traffic: Immacolatella Vecchia Wharf, Piliero Quay, Port di Massa Quay, and Angioino Wharf. The Immacolatella Vechhia Wharf is 180 meters long and from 70-150 meters wide. The Piliero Quay is 250 meters long and 180 meters wide. The Porta di Massa Quay is 290 meters long and 15 meters wide, and the Angioino Wharf is 120 meters long. The cargoes that pass through the Port of Napoli include solid and liquid bulk, containers, mixed goods, and roll-on/roll-off traffic.
The commercial area in the Port of Napoli contains 30 wharves and quays that vary from 110 to 390 meters in length. The Port of Napoli contains seven coastal warehouses for bulk liquid products, mineral oils, vegetables, and chemical products. There are two terminals in Naples covering about 35 thousand square meters for timber and cellulose cargoes. Two terminals in the Port of Napoli handle wheat products. The Port of Napoli has three container terminals covering a total area of 200 thousand square meters. Two container terminals at Bausan and the Flavio Gioia Docks specialize in lift-on/lift-off cargo, and one container terminal at the Bausan Dock specializes in roll-on/roll-off traffic.
Most solid bulk cargoes through the Port of Napoli are handled at the Flavio Gioia, Vittorio Emanuele, Pisacane, and Carmine Docks and at the Vittorio Veneto and Villa del Popolo Quays. Much of the solid bulk consists of wheat and grain destined for the alimentary industry in the Campania, Umbria, and Marche regions. Cellulose is a quickly growing part of the solid bulk traffic in the Port of Napoli, and two companies are setting up logistics operations in the Port of Napoli to handle these cargoes.
The Port of Napoli's Solid Bulk Terminal at the Vittorio Veneto Quay is 250 meters long. The silos at the Villa del Popolo Quay can accommodate vessels to 40 thousand DWT on both sides, and the dock is equipped with four suction turbines for handling cargoes.
Liquid Bulk cargoes moving through the Port of Napoli are handled at the Petroli and Flavio Gioia Docks. Almost half of this cargo group is refined products like diesel, petrol, agricultural fuel, and jet fuel. The Liquid Bulk Terminal at the Petroli Wharf is 950 meters long.
Container traffic in the Port of Napoli is handled primarily at the Bausan and Flavio Gioia Docks and the Pollena Quay; however, the Vittorio Emanuele Dock also handles some of that cargo. The Port of Napoli has two specialized terminals for handling containers. Container traffic has increased every year over the past 10 years, and a new 660-meter quay will double the area available for container cargoes and allow the Port of Napoli to accommodate two of the latest generation container vessels at the same time.
The Container Terminal at the Granili Quay, Bausan Dock, is 960 meters long, and it is equipped with four 50-ton quay container cranes and three 110-ton mobile container cranes. The Vlavio Gioia Quay is 685 meters long and is equipped with two 100-ton mobile container cranes and one 60-ton mobile container crane.
More than any other type of cargo, roll-on/roll-off cargoes in the Port of Napoli have increased dramatically in the recent past, primarily as a result of new coastal lines to/from Sicily and the shift from highway to maritime transport. New international lines will soon open that will also increase ro-ro traffic dramatically. The terminal for roll-on/roll-off cargoes is served by a 720 meter long quay at Porta di Massa Quay, Immacolatella Vecchia Dock, and a 300 meter long quay at the Vittorio Emanuele Dock.
The shipyards and repair yards at the Port of Napoli are an important part of Naples' economy. The shipyards employ more than 1500 people and include three brick-built docks and four floating docks. Four large companies and 60 workshops are involved in repairing ships. From 2001 until 2005, the shipbuilding sector in the Port of Napoli grew by over 50%. The Naples shipbuilding industry manufactures small boats like catamarans, motor boats, and trawlers and repairs all types of vessels. The Port of Napoli's naval shipyard is primarily involved in the repair and maintenance of larger vessels. The shipyards in the Port of Napoli employ the latest technologies and offer the highest quality of services available in the region.
The Port of Napoli is a popular port for yachting, receiving more requests to moor more than five thousand units (only 2500 moorings are available). In order to meet this tremendous demand, the Naples port authority plans to reorganize and expand the yachting infrastructure in the Port of Napoli and create three tourist ports. Naples' new Porto Fiorito will have restaurants and bars as well as garaging facilities and other services. Mergellina will be redeveloped to create two thousand new mooring places in Naples. In the future, Naples' Luise Wharf will have two different uses: mixed mooring for yachts and small boats and mooring for small vessels. A new promenade will also be added in the Port of Napoli to support these new marina installations.
The Port Authority of Naples is responsible for the entire coastline stretching from La Pietra to Pietrarsa, which includes several beaches. The port authority has entered into several concessions to create and operate 21 bathing establishments at the Port of Napoli beaches of Posillippo, Marechiaro, and Bagnoli/Coroglio.
The Port of Napoli is a popular hub for passengers and tourists. Located in the center of the city of Naples, the passenger terminals are in a central and ideal position for visitors who want to explore the city. Passenger traffic includes people who are traveling the islands and places in the Gulf of Naples and cruise passengers.
The Port of Napoli's Maritime Station at the Porta Massa Quay is the berthing location for cruise ships. The company Terminal Crociere SpA manages the station, and the port authority is a 5% owner in the company. Naples' Maritime Station contains ten berths, seven mobile walkways, and 12 computerized check-in desks. Amenities include arrival and departure lounges, a luggage carousel, and shops, bars, and other services.
The Terminal Napoli in the Port of Napoli is a joint stock company that manages the cruise terminal, assists cruise vessels, and serves passengers. The company's offices are located in the Maritime Station. The terminal includes all berths near the Port of Napoli's Maritime Station. It has seven boarding berths that are a total of 1100 meters long with alongside depth of 11 meters and seven mobile gangways.
Passengers in the Port of Napoli also use ferries and hydrofoils to travel within the Bay of Naples. Hydrofoils, used for fast traffic, dock at the Beverello Dock in the Piazza Municipio and from Mergellina. Ferries use the Porta Massa Quay.