The Port of Livorno Harbour Authority (Italian) is responsible for planning, coordinating, promoting, developing, controlling, and assuring safety for harbor operations and industrial activities within the port area.
With capacity for handling 7.5 thousand vessels carrying 50 million tons of cargo and two million TEUs of containerized cargo, the Port of Livorno is one of the largest ports in the Tyrrhenian Sea basin, employing over 15 thousand people. The Port of Livorno handles all types of vessels and cargoes including lift-on/lift-off, roll-on/roll-off, liquid and dry bulk, and passengers.
In 2007, almost 33 million tons of cargo passed through the Port of Livorno, including 20.3 million tons of imports and 12.6 million tons of exports, making it one of Italy’s busiest ports. Cargoes included 12.3 million tons of roll-on/roll-off cargoes, 9 million tons of liquid bulk, 7.3 million tons of containers in 745.6 TEUs, 3.1 million tons of breakbulk, and 1.2 million tons of dry bulk cargo. The port also served 2.3 million passengers in 2007.
With capacity for two million TEUs of containerized cargo, the Port of Livorno’s container terminal covers 658 thousand square meters and includes a 1.6 thousand meter long quay. The port’s roll-on/roll-off terminal covers 477.1 thousand square meters and a quay of 1.7 thousand meters with storage capacity for six thousand cars and capacity to handle 1.2 million units each year. The Port of Livorno’s Multi-use Terminal has a 96-meter quay and terminal storage area of 25 thousand square meters.
The breakbulk terminal specializes in timber, non-ferrous metals, paper, sand, cellulose, clay, metal products, bentonite, and coal. Covering an area of 181.6 thousand square meters, the terminal has a storage area of 71.2 thousand square meters and capacity to store 160 thousand cubic meters of cargo. The copper and non-ferrous metals terminal has a 500-meter-long quay and can store 95.8 thousand square meters.
The Port of Livorno’s frozen food terminal covers 18 thousand square meters and includes storage capacity of 35 thousand square meters with capacity to handle about 200 thousand tons of cargo per year. The cereal terminals cover 63 thousand square meters and have a 336-meter-long quay and storage capacity for 115.6 thousand tons.
Finally, the Port of Livorno includes a terminal for liquefied natural gas (LNG) that has capacity for four billion cubic meters of LNG.
The Port of Livorno contains busy ferry and cruise traffic. The ferries move people to Sardinia, Corsica, Capri, Tunisia, and Barcelona. As the doorway to Tuscany, the Port of Livorno is vitally important to the regional cruise industry.
In 1999, over 300 cruise vessels brought 250 thousand passengers through the Port of Livorno. The port has since invested in modernizing and expanding the cruise passenger facilities, including new docks and buildings, to attract increased traffic, particularly from Northern Europe. With considerably more ferry traffic to Sardinia and Corsica, the Port of Livorno provided ferry passage to 1.3 million passengers on more than 1500 vessels in 1999.