In 1994, Italy passed the Port Reform Law setting up port authorities to replace earlier organizations that had managed the country's seaports, including the Autorita Portuale de Genova (Port Authority of Genoa).
While much of the operational management of Port of Genoa areas and terminals has been transferred to private operators, the Port Authority of Genoa is responsible for planning, coordinating, controlling, and assuring the safety of port operations; maintaining shared port infrastructure; and assigning and controlling port activities related to paid services for port users.
Photo by Alessandro Vecchi
The Port of Genoa Port Board is a corporation made up of the President of the Port Authority, the Commander of the Port, and members representing the Ministries of Finance and Public Works, the Liguria Region, the Province of Genoa, the City of Genoa. The Board also contains representatives of the Port of Genoa business community and port workers.
The Port of Genoa extends for 22 kilometers (13.7 miles) along the Italian coastline. The Port of Genoa covers a total area of about 700 hectares. Port of Genoa properties are accessed by gates located at the main traffic routes. The Port of Genoa is Italy's main cargo-handling port, and it is one of the Mediterranean region's most important seaports for container traffic.
The Port of Genoa is a one-stop multi-purpose seaport with over 20 private terminals that can accommodate any type of vessel and cargo. Cargoes handled in the Port of Genoa include containers, general cargo, liquid and solid bulk, metals, forestry products, perishable goods, petroleum products, and passengers. Several companies in the Port of Genoa also provide maritime services like vessel repair and environmental management.
More than 150 scheduled services connect the Port of Genoa to major ports worldwide. The Port of Genoa is located near important industrial production areas in Italy and Europe. The Port Authority of Genoa is committed to expanding the intermodal functions of the port and making the Port of Genoa a major connection point for freight handlers using rail and roadways between Northern Italy and Southern Europe.
View of Monte Gazzo and the Fincantieri shipyard.
Photo by Alessio Sbarbaro
In 2011, almost seven thousand vessels arrived in the Port of Genoa carrying more than 51.6 million tons of cargo and over 3.1 million passengers (more than 2.3 million on ferries and over 798.5 thousand on cruise vessels). The Port of Genoa handled more than 18.9 million tons of containerized cargo in nearly 1.9 million TEUs. Containerized cargoes represented 37% of all cargo handled in the Port of Genoa in 2011. Oil products represented 33% (17.0 million tons) of all cargoes in the Port of Genoa in 2011.
Other cargoes in the Port of Genoa included solid bulk (over 1.4 million tons), chemicals (almost 466.8 thousand tons), general cargo (431.6 thousand tons), vegetable oils (287.7 thousand tons), minerals (247.1 thousand tons), forestry products (more than 142.8 thousand tons), wine (75.6 thousand tons), and fruits and vegetables (almost 47.4 thousand tons). The Port of Genoa handled a total of over 885.7 passenger cars (797.2 thousand tons).
The Port of Genoa imported 33.6 million tons of cargo in 2011. The leading imports were oil products (almost 15.2 million tons) and containers (almost 916 thousand TEUs or 8.6 million tons), together representing over 70% of all imports. The Port of Genoa also imported almost three million tons of steel and steel products and nearly 1.4 million tons of solid bulk. Other imports included chemicals, passenger cars, general cargo, vegetable oils, minerals, forestry products, wine, and fruits and vegetables.
Exports leaving the Port of Genoa in 2011 totaled almost 18 million tons, including over 10 million tons of containerized cargo in 931.2 thousand TEUs. Other exports from the Port of Genoa included almost 1.9 million tons of oil products, 466 thousand passenger cars, 349.5 thousand tons of steel and steel products, 107.6 thousand tons of general cargo, almost 42.7 thousand tons of chemicals, over 35.1 thousand tons of solid bulk, and almost 9.3 thousand tons of vegetable oils.
The Voltri Terminal Europa (VTE) is the Port of Genoa's biggest container terminal. One of the Mediterranean region's most efficient terminals, the VTE can handle 1.5 million TEUs per year. In 2012, VTE handled over half of all containers moving through the Port of Genoa. The Port of Genoa's VTE has total quay length of 1430 meters (4.7 thousand feet) with alongside depth of 15 meters (49.2 feet). It contains about 110 hectares of yards, some of them dedicated to the Port of Genoa's Distipark Voltri service area that contains 1.8 acres of offices and almost five acres of warehouses. The VTE has a large area for truck movements and parking. The Port of Genoa's VTE terminal covers ten hectares in five modules. The facility is equipped with eight post-Panamax quay cranes and two super-post-Panamax quay cranes. It also has 23 transtainers. The VTE in the Port of Genoa has four berths that support the latest container vessels and three berths for roll-on/roll-off cargoes. The VTE has 600 outlets for refrigerated containers and eight rail tracks of 650 meters (1.2 thousand feet).
Photo by Andrzej_O
The Port of Genoa's SECH Terminal is operated by Terminal Contenitori Porto di Genova SpA. The terminal is located just a few hundred meters from highways and rail stations, giving it convenient connections for handling cargo. The SECH Terminal in the Port of Genoa has capacity to handle 500 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo per year. Its quay is 526 meters (1.7 thousand feet) long with alongside depth of 14.5 meters (47.6 feet). This Port of Genoa terminal covers 20.6 hectares and contains 154 outlets for refrigerated containers. It also has capacity to handle 405 TEUs of dangerous goods.
Photo by Twice25
The Port of Genoa's SECH Terminal is equipped with five quay cranes (four 45-ton super-post-Panamax and one 40-ton post-Panamax). It also has six 40-ton and two 35-ton rubber tyred gantry cranes as well as 35-ton six rail-mounted gantry cranes. The Port of Genoa's SECH Terminal has 15 42-ton reach stackers, 25 tractors, and eight forklifts. The terminal is served by three rail tracks, each with capacity for 18 wagons. The terminal gate has five gates for traffic in both directions. It also has a pontoon for handling general cargo that exceeds the lifting capacity of the quay cranes.
Located in the Port of Genoa at the Viale Africa Terminal Bridge, Pastorini Transport provides container services that include cargo handling, filling and emptying, transporting containers and over-sized cargo, and providing assistance to port terminals.
Thermocar Srl provides service for refrigerated containers in the Port of Genoa. Thermocar handles each stage in the logistics chain, assuring proper temperatures during loading, unloading, and storage of refrigerated goods in the Port of Genoa. Thermocar's customers include shippers moving cargo to the Port of Genoa from Spain, Holland, France, Poland, German, Austria, Hungary, and elsewhere in Italy.
Terminal San Giorgio is a Port of Genoa facility and a subsidiary of the Gavio Group. Terminal San Giorgio is the main multi-purpose terminal in the Port of Genoa. Located at Bridge Libya, this Port of Genoa terminal handles containers, break bulk cargo, project cargo, vehicles, and rolling stock. This Port of Genoa facility covers eight hectares of fenced secure property. The dock is 600 meters (about two thousand feet) long with alongside depth of 11 and 12 meters (36.1 and 39.4 feet). It also has one roll-on/roll-off ramp. Two internal rail lines serve the terminal. This Port of Genoa terminal is equipped with four mobile cranes (130-, 120-, 100-, and 80-ton capacity). It also has seven full-reach stackers, 12 forklifts, and eight tractors.
Viewed from the top of the Lantern (Lighthouse of Genoa).
Photo by Oliver Zena
The CSM SpA terminal in the Port of Genoa covers a total area of 4.7 hectares, including 2.4 hectares of warehouses and 2.3 hectares of open areas and yards. CSM operates a multi-purpose terminal that handles containers, general cargo, project cargo, and rolling stock. It also provides temporary storage for goods that have been seized by the Court of Genoa. This Port of Genoa terminal has a 300-meter (984.2-foot) dock, from 50 to 300 meters (164 to 984 feet) operated by Reboa GMT, and 30 meters (98.4 feet) from customs. The SCM SpA facility in the Port of Genoa is equipped with reach stackers with capacity for from three to 45 tons for filled containers, one 12-ton reach stacker for empty containers, two forklifts with 16- and 32-ton capacity, 15 trucks for handling containers, two tractors, and five trailers and freight containers.
The Terminal Messina in the Port of Genoa is operated by Ignazio Messina & C. SpA. One of the Port of Genoa's oldest shipping companies, the Terminal Messina strives to provide high-quality comprehensive intermodal services for containers, general cargo, rolling stock, and special loads. Located at the Bridges Nino Ronco and Canepa in the Port of Genoa, the Terminal Messina covers an area of 25.3 hectares and has capacity for 6579 TEUs of containerized cargo with 24 reefer points. It can also store 305 dangerous goods containers.
The Port of Genoa's Terminal Messina has docks with total length of almost 1.7 kilometers (one mile) with five to six moorings with alongside depth 10 and 12 meters (32.8 and 39.4 feet). The terminal is served from five internal rail tracks, each of them 440 meters (1,443 feet). The warehouse is 1.1 hectares, and there is a parking area of 6.5 thousand square meters (70.2 thousand square feet). The Port of Genoa's Terminal Messina also has a 3.1-hectare area for rolling freight. The Terminal Messina in the Port of Genoa has seven shore container cranes, four transtainers, 54 front-end handlers, nine reach stackers, 20 tractors, and 59 trailers. This Port of Genoa terminal also has a one-hectare workshop for mechanical, electrical, and automotive engineering and carpentry.
The Port of Genoa's Terminal Forest is operated by the Campostano Group. Operating at a 200-meter (656.2-foot) platform at Somalia Bridge western extension, The dock has berthing distance of 193 meters (633.2 feet) with alongside depth of 10 meters (32.8 feet). The Terminal Forest covers 1.6 hectares has a 2.1-acre warehouse and two-acre yard with railway junction. This Port of Genoa terminal contains 1.7 acres of covered area. The terminal is equipped with seven 8-ton forklifts and two 4-ton forklifts.
View of Fincantieri shipyard and Cristoforo Colombo Airport in Sestri Ponente, an industrial suburb of Genoa.
Photo by Oliver Zena
The Genoa Port Terminal (GPT) is operated by the Spinelli Group of Rebora Industries Srl. The terminal has 1056 meters (3.5 thousand feet) of operating docks and covers a total area of 11.5 hectares, including the 4.8-hectare Service Center Derna where the Spinelli Group warehouses, consolidates, fills and empties, packages, and palletizes bulk cargo.
Genoa Metal Terminal Srl (GMT) is a world leader in raw materials logistics. Located at Genoa Bridge Eritrea and Magadishu Calata, the Port of Genoa Metal Terminal covers about ten hectares. Approved by the London Metal Exchange and the London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange (LIFFE), the terminal handles, stores, and transports non-ferrous metals, iron alloys, steel, scrap metal, chemicals, timber, and other goods. It also offers a variety of land transport and maritime services like loading/unloading of both conventional and containerized cargo, truck and rail transport, boat rentals, and customs assistance.
The Port of Genoa Metal Terminal contains four hectares of covered area. Its dock is 925 meters (3035 feet) long with alongside depth to 11 meters (36.1 feet). The terminal is equipped with one 150-ton crane, two 45-ton reach stackers, eight trucks with capacities from 16 to 32 tons, 25 trucks with capacities from 2.5 to 5 tons, and several tractors and semi-trailers. The Port of Genoa Metal Terminal has special equipment that includes four slingbars for containers, two swivel hooks with automatic coil capacity for 30 tons, eight hydraulic clamps for pulp and paper rolls, one 60-ton weighbridge, and five 4-ton steel furniture trucks. The main railroad line splits into two parallel lines in the center of the terminal. The Port of Genoa Metal Terminal also offers a range of services that includes container repair; drain and fill of containers; yacht handling; heavy lift; boat and container rental; and local, national, and international road transport.
The Terminal Frutta Genova Srl handles fruit and perishable products in the Port of Genoa. Its main activities include importing bananas and pineapples from Central America, apples and pears from Argentina, and citrus from South America and South Africa. Since 2009, Argo Financial Spa (a subsidiary of Group Gavio) has provided a platform for logistics for perishable products, but it has also expanded to handle containers, general cargo, and rolling stock in the Port of Genoa.
Photo by Andrzej_O
Located at the Bridge Somalia, the Port of Genoa Fruit Terminal covers seven hectares, including 1.4 hectares of covered refrigerated space. The Fruit Terminal in the Port of Genoa has berthing distance of 700 meters (almost 2.3 thousand feet) with alongside depths of 11 and 12 feet (36.1 and 39.4 feet). It also has one roll-on/roll-off ramp. The Port of Genoa Fruit Terminal is well equipped. It has cooling capacity for 13,400 pallets, and it has 90 outlets for refrigerated containers. It is equipped with five 6-ton crane platforms, one 80-ton mobile crane, a full-reach stacker, 24 electric stackers, 24 electric trucks, ten diesel double-fork forklifts, one electric trolley clamp, one 45-ton CVS forklift, five catalytic ethylene absorbers, 25 truck-reloading stations, and four banana-ripening cells. The Fruit Terminal in the Port of Genoa has one exclusive rail fitting.
Terminal Rinfuse Italia SpA operates four terminals in Italy. It operates the Port of Genoa's bulk cargo terminal (Terminal Rinfuse) handling coal, scrap metal, steel products, minerals, fertilizers, sand, bauxite, soybean meal, and fertilizers. Located at Bridge Rubattino, Ponte San Giorgio, and Bridge Idroscalo, the bulk cargo terminal in the Port of Genoa covers an area of 15.4 hectares. It has berthing distance of 1522 meters (almost five thousand feet) with alongside depth of 12 meters (39.4 feet). The Port of Genoa's bulk cargo terminal has storage capacity for 40 thousand cubic meters (52.3 thousand cubic yards) of feed and 30 thousand cubic meters (39.2 thousand cubic yards) of collection materials. In addition to special equipment for loading, the bulk cargo terminal in the Port of Genoa has eight cranes ranging in capacity from 12 to 80 tons. It contains 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) of conveyors with set-up, park, and recovery systems for loading block trains. This Port of Genoa terminal is served by 3.9 kilometers (2.4 miles) of rail tracks.
Rolcim SpA operates the Rolcim Terminal in the Port of Genoa where it imports, stores, and distributes gray and white cement. Rolcim imports products by contract with major national and international shippers. The terminal offers storage capacity for about 18 thousand tons of cargo in the Port of Genoa.
Porto Petroli di Genova SpA operates the Port Petroli terminal in the Port of Genoa. The terminal covers an area of 12.3 hectares that include a quay, wharf, and four piers. There is also the Monoboa buoy and an offshore unloading platform. The terminal handles crude oil and derivatives. The Port of Genoa's Port Petroli plans moorings, receives ships, assures safety compliance of vessels, loads and unloads, and attaches and detaches product lines to/from ships. Currently, the terminal handles about 20 million tons of oil products on 550 vessels per year.
The Port of Genoa's Port Petroli terminal can accommodate vessels with length to 330 meters (over one thousand feet) with maximum draft of 14.1 meters (46.3 feet) and summer deadweight of 260 thousand tons. The terminal provides services that include drinking water, bunkering, product sampling, personal maritime transport, and transport to/from offshore installations and interior berths. A complex pipeline network connects several refineries in northern Italy to the refinery in Aigle, Switzerland. Within the Porto Petroli, products are neither stored nor treated. Tanks in the Port of Genoa's Porto Petroli are used for storing water and for recycling oil.
The Getoil Srl operates a one-acre area in the Port of Genoa with insulated heated eight tanks providing storage capacity for ten thousand cubic meters (85.2 US barrels) of petroleum products. Four pipelines transfer products from the Calata dock in the Port of Genoa to the Getoil operation. The facility has auxiliary systems used to heat and mix product, load trucks, unload trains in the Port of Genoa. Getoil's business lines include marine bunkers and the import and marketing of fuel oil and bitumen.
Petroliq Srl and ENI SpA operates facilities in the Port of Genoa that can load four barges simultaneously or accommodate ships to 180 meters (590.5 feet) and two barges. The Petroliq facility covers 2.2 hectares and has total capacity for 80 thousand cubic meters (681.7 thousand US barrels) of product. Ten tanks store fuel and diesel oil, and four tanks store lubricating oil. The Petroliq dock in the Port of Genoa is 300 meters (984.2 feet) long with alongside depth of 9 meters (29.5 feet). The ENI facility covers 2.2 hectares and has total capacity for 42 thousand cubic meters (357.9 thousand US barrels) in ten storage tanks. The ENI dock in the Port of Genoa has berthing distance of 300 meters (984.2 feet) with alongside depth of 9 meters (29.5 feet). The ENI facility is served by a 300-meter rail track.
SAAR Depositi Portuali SpA operates a coastal warehouse in the Port of Genoa for handling a variety of bulk liquid cargoes that include vegetable oils and animal fats. The terminal is located at Paleocapa Bridge in the Port of Genoa. The terminal contains 97 steel tanks with total storage capacity for about 100 thousand cubic meters (852 thousand US barrels). The Port of Genoa's SAAR Depositi Portuali has two docks, one for large vessels over 190 meters (623.4 feet) long with a draft over 12 meters (39.4 feet).
Photo by Twice25
The second dock is for smaller vessels up to 120 meters (393.7 feet) long with a draft up to nine meters (29.5 feet). Serving some 11 thousand tanker visits per year, this Port of Genoa terminal has eight shelters for loading and weighing trucks and rail cars.
In the Port of Genoa's Calata Mogadishu, Sampierdarena Olii Srl operates a facility with four docks, all with alongside depth of 9.5 meters (31.2 feet). The dock at Mogadishu has berthing distance of 110 meters. The dock at the Somalia Bridge has berthing distance of 170 meters (557.7 feet). The docks Somalia Root Bridge and Eritrea Bridge each have berthing distance of 200 meters (656.2 feet). This Port of Genoa terminal covers an area of about 2.7 acres, and Sampierdarena Olii offers services that include loading, unloading, and reloading tankers; providing logistics services for tankers; providing qualitative and quantitative inspections; and providing cost estimates for tank container transport. The terminal has capacity for 35 thousand cubic meters (298 thousand US barrels). It contains three boilers designed to maintain the temperature of products, and six pipelines connect the docks to storage tanks.
Silomar SpA offers four moorings at the Port of Genoa's Ethiopia Bridge for unloading, handling, and storage, of liquid bulk cargoes that include mineral oils, petrochemical products, biodiesel, chemicals, and vegetable oils and fats. The dock is 695 meters (2280 feet) long with alongside depth of 10 meters (32.8 feet). The moorings at the Bridge Ethiopia Levante and the western Bridge Ethiopia each have berthing distance of 210 meters (689 feet). The mooring at the head of the Ethiopia Bridge has berthing distance of 145 meters (476 feet), and the mooring at the Massawa fell has berthing distance of 130 meters (426 feet). This Port of Genoa facility contains 84 storage tanks with capacity for 78 thousand cubic meters (665 thousand US barrels). The Silomar SpA facility covers an area of two hectares. Fourteen pipelines connect the terminal to the mooring points. In 2010, this Port of Genoa facility handled over 550 thousand tons of liquid bulk cargo.
The Stazioni Marittime (Maritime Station) in the Port of Genoa is the home of five passenger terminals, three serving ferry traffic and two for cruise traffic. It is operated by Stazioni Marittime SpA under a concession that extends to the year 2040. Located at Ponte Caracciolo in the Port of Genoa, the Maritime Station covers an area of 29 hectares and contains 12 mooring stations with alongside depth of 10.5 meters (34.4 feet).
The maritime station is in the foreground, the ferry terminal in the center and in the background, the lantern, symbol of the city
Photo by Twice25
The Port of Genoa's historic Cruise Terminal Ponte dei Mille was built in 1930 and renovated in 1991 to be one of the Mediterranean region's most technologically advanced cruise terminals. The terminal covers an area of four acres and can berth three cruise ships simultaneously. The Cruise Terminal Ponte Andrea Doria in the Port of Genoa is a modern terminal of about 2.3 acres that contains two berths that can accommodate any size of cruise vessel. The Ponte Parodi Cruise Terminal was completely redesigned when the city's waterfront was redeveloped. Covering an area of 2500 square meters (26.9 thousand square feet), the terminal has a 300-meter (984.2-foot) berth.
The Ferry Terminal Descent Chiapella is one of Europe's most advanced ferry terminals. Designed to meet the growing traffic demands related to travel in between the Port of Genoa and Mediterranean islands, Barcelona, and the coast of North Africa, the Ferry Terminal Descent Chiapella covers a total area of 16 hectares and has 12 berths dedicated to ferry traffic. The terminal building has a total area of about 2.6 hectares spread over several floors. This Port of Genoa facility can support the latest generation of cruise ferries.
The terminals and many services in the Port of Genoa are operated by private companies. Tirrenia di Navigazione SpA is one of Europe's biggest ship owners, and its ferries offer freight and passenger services between the Port of Genoa and Arbatax, Olbia, Porto Torres, and Tunis. The company provides daily passenger connections between the Port of Genoa and Porto Torres and Olbia (three times a week off-season). The company also provides freight services four times a week between the Port of Genoa and Termini Imerese in Palermo, Sicily, and three times a week between the Port of Genoa and Tunis in the Tunisian Republic.
Rimorchiatori Riuniti Porto di Genova Srl has operated in the Port of Genoa since 1922. The towing service has 14 tugboats that help ocean-going vessels maneuver the Port of Genoa safely. The company also operates a dry dock for vessel repair.
The Port of Genoa is the majority shareholder of Ship Repair Porto di Genova SpA which plays a major role in the traditional activity of ship-building and ship repair. More than 50 companies participate in the Port of Genoa ship-building industry. The ship building and repair area consists of five dry docks where repairs are made to passenger ferries, cruise ships, container carriers, tankers, barges, pontoons, and mega-yachts. Dry Dock 1 has berthing distance of 170 meters (558 feet) with alongside depth of 7.6 meters (24.9 feet) and can accommodate vessels up to 20 thousand DWT. Dry Dock 2 has two mooring stations with a depth of 6.6 meters (21.7 feet). The outer mooring is 108 meters (354.3 feet) long and can accommodate ships to seven thousand DWT. The internal mooring offers berthing distance of 68 meters (223.1 feet) has a heated, covered area that allows work on large yachts in any weather or season. Dry Dock 3 has berthing distance of 200 meters (656.2 feet) with alongside depth of 9.03 meters (29.6 feet) and can accommodate vessels to 30 thousand DWT. Dry Dock 4 has berthing distance of 267 meters (876 feet) with alongside depth of 11.4 meters (37.4 feet) and can accommodate ships to 100 thousand DWT. Dry Dock 5 has berthing distance of 249 meters (817 feet) with alongside depth of 8.9 meters (29.2 feet) and can accommodate vessels to 80 thousand DWT.
The total area for these docks is about ten hectares containing about 1500 meters (4.9 thousand feet) of fully-equipped quays with pumping stations and electric cranes with capacity for up to 40 tons. Docks have mooring winches, distribution systems for fresh and salt water, compressed air, and electricity. The dry dock facilities in the Port of Genoa are the first in Europe to adopt a water processing system that reduces pollution. The Port of Genoa is also planning to construct a new floating dock that can accommodate the ever-evolving generations of ocean-going vessels.