In 2003, the Imam Khomeini Port handled over 28.7 million tons in cargo, 13 million tons in oil and 15.5 million tons in non-oil cargo. Of the total 11.2 million tons of imported non-oil cargo, major imports were mineral materials, corn, soya, iron ware, wheat, and chemicals. Non-oil exports of 4.3 million tons were primarily chemicals.
The Imam Khomeini Port was established in 1940 with two berths. Today, it offers 40 berths and seven kilometers of wharf, serving hundreds of vessels every year. Port facilities include a container terminal; terminals for industrial concentrates; grains; general and break bulk; and barges and minerals. The Imam Khomeini Port also has a silo facility for grain.
Further, Imam Khomeini Port facilities are interlinked by 100 kilometers of railway, and it is linked to Tehran and other Iranian cities by road, rail, and air. Imam Khomeini Port covers 10.4 square kilometers and contains 300 thousand square meters of warehouse. The port has capacity to handle 35 million tons of cargo a year.
Cargo Terminal No. 1 has three sheds covering 12,600 square meters, and its yards cover 140 thousand square meters. This multi-purpose terminal is the main cargo-handling station for the port. Dedicated to general and break bulk cargo, Imam Khomeini Port's Cargo Terminal No. 2 covers 27 thousand square meters and has yards of 87.5 thousand square meters. Also handling general and break bulk cargo, Cargo Terminal No. 3 has three sheds with covered space of 27 thousand square meters and open yards of 111 thousand square meters.
Imam Khomeini Port's Export Terminal contains three warehouses covering a total of 13.5 thousand square meters and an open yard of 78.5 thousand square meters. The export terminal handles non-oil exports like metal products and building, plastic, and mineral materials. The terminal for industrial concentrates handles industrial powders only. It has complete equipment and facilities for loading and unloading iron ore and aluminum concentrate. The terminal can accommodate two ships at the same time and is directly connected to the rail network.
The Container Terminal at Imam Khomeini Port is equipped with state-of-art facilities and services. The terminal has capacity for handling 400 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo every year, including 350 TEUs of refrigerated cargo. The grain terminal and silo can handle annual imports of over 3 million tons of grain. With capacity for 70 thousand tons of grain, the silo is the country's only transit silo. With open warehouses, the facility can handle up to 170 thousand tons of grain. The Imam Khomeini Port also has three special purpose berths for handling aluminum and iron concentrate and for the import of raw materials for vegetable oils.
The Mehvar Talaie Storage Terminal at the Imam Khomeini Port is at Berth 34. With capacity to move 2-3 thousand tons per hour from ship to/from tanks, this Imam Khomeini Port facility contains 12 storage tanks with capacity for 13 thousand tons of cargo.
The Imam Khomeini Port constructed the transit silos terminal to move grain cargoes quickly and efficiently. With capacity for 75 thousand tons, the silos have open yard storage with capacity for 170 thousand tons, and its 30 silos have capacity for 30 thousand tons. Five single silos can store 37.5 thousand tons. The Imam Khomeini Port's transit silo terminal can move three thousand tons per hour and from four to six million tons of grain per year.
Oil is a major cargo at the Imam Khomeini Port, and the port contains over 60 tanks with capacity to store more than 202 thousand tons of oil at one time.
The Imam Khomeini Port contains 100 kilometers of railway within the port area. The rails link the berths and storage facilities, making for quick and easy direct transportation from vessel to destination within the country.