The Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) is the port authority for the Port of Nhava Sheva. The JNPT strives to make the Port of Nhava Sheva India's leading container port. It will do this by providing state-of-the-art equipment, technology, and terminal operating systems that conform to international standards. The JNPT will make sure the Port of Nhava Sheva offers competitive rates while also ensuring the safety and security of people, cargo, and equipment.
Commissioned in 1989, the Port of Nhava Sheva has grown consistently as one of the busiest container hub ports in south Asia. While the Port of Nhava Sheva began with single terminals for bulk cargos and containers, the Port of Nhava Sheva has diversified over the years by adding facilities for liquid bulk cargoes, cement, automobiles, and other cargoes. Today, the Port of Nhava Sheva handles almost 60% of India's container traffic.
The Port of Nhava Sheva is located in Mumbai Harbor southeast of Elephanta Island. The Port of Nhava Sheva shares its entry channel with Mumbai Port. The common channel is some 21 kilometers (33.9 miles) and is maintained at a depth from 10.1 to 11 meters (33 to 36 feet).
The channel for the Port of Nhava Sheva is 7.2 kilometers (11.6 miles) and is maintained at a depth of 11.5 meters (37.7 miles). At its entry, the channel is 350 meters (1.1 thousand feet) wide. The Port of Nhava Sheva contains 2000 meters (6.6 thousand feet) of quays for container ships and 445 meters (1.5 thousand feet) for liquid, bulk, and project cargo ships.
The Port of Nhava Sheva operates a fleet of boats to facilitate the movement of cargo ships. These include four pilot launches, eight tugs (ranging from 30- to 50-ton bollard pull). The Port of Nhava Sheva has two mooring launches and one high-speed harbor patrol launch.
In fiscal year 2010-2011, Port of Nhava Sheva handled an all-time high of 64.3 million tons of cargo, representing 5.8% growth from the prior year. This includes containerized cargo of 56.4 million tons, liquid cargo of 6.8 million tons, and miscellaneous dry bulk, breakbulk, and roll-on/roll-off cargoes of 1.1 million tons. Total shipments moving through the Port of Nhava Sheva included 32.8 million tons of imports, 30.2 million tons of exports, and 1.3 million tons of transshipments.
In the same period, the Port of Nhava Sheva handled 4.3 million TEUs of containerized cargo, a more than 5% increase from the 2009-2010 fiscal year and the most containers ever handled in Port of Nhava Sheva. This included 2.1 million TEUs of imports, 2.1 million TEUs of exports, and 115.3 thousand TEUs of transshipments.
In the 2010-2011 fiscal year, more than 3.1 thousand vessels visited the Port of Nhava Sheva. This included almost 2.5 thousand container vessels, 507 vessels carrying liquid cargoes, 71 dry bulk vessels, and 60 breakbulk vessels.
The Port of Nhava Sheva has a shallow-water berth and a port craft berth that handle feeder vessels with draught to nine meters (29.5 feet). The quay is 365.5 meters (1.2 thousand feet) long. The shallow-water berth can accommodate vessels to 30 thousand DWT, and the port craft berth can support vessels of 15 thousand DWT. Water depth at this Port of Nhava Sheva berth is maintained at from 7 to 9.5 meters (23 to 31.2 feet).
Anticipating the growth in traffic and cargo vessel size, the Port of Nhava Sheva has several development projects planned so that by fiscal year 2013-2014, the Port of Nhava Sheva can handle 77 million tons of cargo per year. In order to meet this goal, the Port of Nhava Sheva redeveloped its bulk terminal into a container terminal (GTIPL) and extended the container berths at other Port of Nhava Sheva facilities.
It will also deepen and widen the main Port of Nhava Sheva harbor channel. Improvements will be made in the Port of Nhava Sheva's connectivity to roads and rail and to internal port roads. Rail improvements will include developing a dedicated rail line from the Port of Nhava Sheva to Delhi. Road improvements will include work on the roads connecting the Port of Nhava Sheva to container freight stations and container yards that serve the port. A fourth terminal will be constructed in the Port of Nhava Sheva to handle containers and marine chemicals. Finally, back-up facilities will be added to the port, and new machinery and equipment will be deployed.
The Port of Nhava Sheva operates three container terminals: the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Container Terminal (JNPCT), the Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal (NSICT), and the Gateway Terminals India Pvt. Ltd. (GTIPL). In total, the three container terminals in the Port of Nhava Sheva have quays of 1,992 meters (6.5 thousand feet) with capacity to handle more than 4.1 million TEUs. In 2011 and 2012, the Port of Nhava Sheva announced plans to construct fourth and fifth container terminals.
Port of Nhava Sheva container yards cover 142.3 hectares and have capacity for 85.9 thousand TEUs, and the terminals offer a total of 2,042 reefer plugs. Nine railway siding tracks serve the terminals. They are equipped with a total of 26 rail-mounted quay cranes, 87 rubber-tyred gantry cranes, and 11 rail-mounted gantry cranes. The Port of Nhava Sheva container yards are also served by a total of 370 tractor trailers and 17 reach stackers.
Operating since 1989, the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Container Terminal in the Port of Nhava Sheva has three berths with a total length of 680 meters (2.2 thousand feet) that can accommodate third-generation container vessels. Alongside depth is maintained at 13.5 meters (44.3 feet). The Jawaharlal Nehru Port Container Terminal is equipped with six post-Panamax and two super-post-Panamax rail-mounted quay cranes. It also has 18 rubber-tyred gantry cranes and five rail-mounted gantry cranes.
The container yard serving the Port of Nhava Sheva's Jawaharlal Nehru Port Container Terminal covers 35 hectares and has capacity for 30 thousand TEUs per year. An additional paved area adds 180 thousand square meters (44.5 acres) for container storage in the Port of Nhava Sheva. The container yard has 10 reach stackers, 120 tractor trailers, three fork lifts, and 280 reefer slots. Together with the shallow-water berth, the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Container Terminal in the Port of Nhava Sheva has capacity to handle 1.3 million TEUs per year.
P&O Ports of Australia operates the Port of Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal (NSICT). Jawaharlal Nehru Port entered into an agreement in 1997 with P&O Australia to operate and manage the two-berth Port of Nhava Sheva Container Terminal, introducing private participation in container handling for the first time in India. Fully operational by 2000, the new Port of Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal offers total quay length of 600 meters (almost two thousand feet) with alongside depth of 13.5 meters (44.3 feet). The berths can accommodate vessels to 85 thousand DWT.
Twenty-six hectares of land was reclaimed to create container years to give the Port of Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal capacity to handle as much as 15 million tons (1.2 million TEUs) of containerized cargo per year. The Port of Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal is equipped with six post-Panamax and two super-post-Panamax rail-mounted quay cranes, 29 rubber-tyred gantry cranes, and three rail-mounted gantry cranes. It contains a total of 6,222 ground slots, including 672 reefer points. The Port of Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal's container yard is equipped with about 134 tractor trailers, three reach stackers, and two empty handlers. It has two tracks of rail sliding.
Gateway Terminals India Pvt. Ltd. (GTIPL) is a joint venture between APM Terminals and the Container Corporation of India that was formalized in a license agreement in 2004. The then-existing Port of Nhava Sheva bulk terminal was redeveloped for containerized cargoes. The resulting GTIPL is operated by a consortium led by the Maersk Group. With total quay length of 712 meters (2.3 thousand feet) and alongside depth of 13.5 meters (44.3 feet), this Port of Nhava Sheva berth can accommodate vessels to 70 thousand DWT. The GTIPL began operating in 2006.
The Port of Nhava Sheva's GTIPL is equipped with ten post-Panamax rail-mounted quay cranes, three rail-mounted gantry cranes for rail transfers, and 40 rubber-tyred gantry cranes for yard operations. This Port of Nhava Sheva container yard is equipped with two reach stackers, two empty handlers, 90 tractor trailers, four small fork lifts, and 61 twin-lift spreaders.
In 2010-2011, a total 2,490 container vessels visited the three Port of Nhava Sheva container terminals. The Jawaharlal Nehru Port Container Terminal supported 722 of these. The Port of Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal welcomed 627 container vessels, and the Gateway Terminals India Container Terminal handled containers from 1,141 container vessels.
The three Port of Nhava Sheva container terminals handled a total of over 4.2 million TEUs of containerized cargo. The Jawaharlal Nehru Port Container Terminal handled 876.4 thousand TEUs; the Port of Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal handled a total of over 1.5 million TEUs; and the Gateway Terminals India handled over 1.8 million TEUs. Container imports were 404.6 thousand TEUs at the JNPCT, 726.1 thousand TEUs at the NSICT, and 960 thousand TEUs at the GTIPL. Container exports were 442.9 thousand at JNPCT, 789.4 thousand at NSICT, and 831.7 thousand at GTIPL.
The Port of Nhava Sheva's Inland Container Depot traffic with the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Container Terminal reached more than 199.2 thousand TEUs in 2010-2011, including 94.1 thousand in imports and 105.1 in exports. Inland Container Depot traffic with the Port of Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal totaled 385.2 thousand TEUs, including 189.8 thousand TEUs of imports and 195.4 thousand TEUs of exports. Inland Container Depot traffic with the Gateway Terminals India Container Terminal in the Port of Nhava Sheva was 422.3 thousand TEUs, including 256.4 thousand TEUs of imports and 165.9 thousand TEUs of exports.
The Port of Nhava Sheva is served by 14 container freight stations that cover more than 35 thousand acres and have capacity for over a million TEUS. The single largest facility, managed by M/s Continental Warehousing Corporation (Nhava Sheva) Limited, covers almost 143 million square meters (35 acres) and has capacity for 898 thousand TEUs. All Port of Nhava Sheva Container Freight Station operators assure quick turn-around by facilitating stuffing and destuffing of containers.
The 445 meter (1.5 thousand foot) Shallow-Draft Berth in the Port of Nhava Sheva can accommodate vessels to 170 meters (557.7 feet) in length with up to 9 meters (29.5 feet) of draught. The berth is used to handle feeder container vessels, dry bulk, and general cargoes. It can handle about 1.2 million tons of cargo per year.
In the 2010-2011 fiscal year, the Port of Nhava Sheva handled a total of almost 7.9 million tons of bulk cargoes, an increase of 2.9%. This included 870.7 thousand tons of cement and other dry bulk cargoes, 214.9 thousand tons of project cargoes, and 6.8 million tons of liquid bulk cargoes. Of that total, 4 million tons were imports and 3.9 million tons were exports.
Since 2002, the Port of Nhava Sheva's twin-berth Liquid Cargo Terminal has been operated jointly by Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) and Indian Oil Corporation (IOC). Total quay length at the Liquid Cargo Terminal in the Port of Nhava Sheva is 300 meters (984.2 feet), and it has a 40.5-meter (132.9-foot) wide jetty. Liquid cargo vessels are served at both sea- and shore-side quays that can accommodate 50 thousand and 30 thousand DWT tankers, respectively. Sea-side depth is maintained at 13.5 meters (44.3 feet), and the shore-side depth is 12 meters (39.4 feet). The Port of Nhava Sheva's Liquid Cargo Terminal has capacity for 5.5 million tons of cargo per year.
The Port of Nhava Sheva is connected to India's highways by the two-lane National Highway, SH-54, and Amara Marg. The National Highway Authority is currently widening the National Highway and the Amara Marg. The Port of Nhava Sheva is also connected to the Central Railway by a single-track rail line from Panvel Station. Indian Railways is currently doubling the amount of rail track serving the Port of Nhava Sheva.