Founded by the Croatian government in 2002, the Port of Rijeka Authority manages, develops, and operates the Port of Rijeka. It has granted concessions to a number of interests, including a market-oriented joint-stock company, Luka Rijeka JSC that handles much of the port’s ships including general and bulk cargoes, timber, fruits, wheat, cereals, and soya. The free zone in the Port of Rijeka was established in 1997 by the Port of Rijeka Authority. It includes three parts: the container terminal, warehouse complex, and the Rasa basin.
In 2007, the Port of Rijeka handled 13.2 million tons of cargo, including 7.6 million tons of liquid bulk, 3.1 million tons of dry bulk, 2.2 million tons of general cargo, and 325.6 thousand tons of timber. This included over 145 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo.
With alongside depth of 12 meters, the Port of Rijeka’s Cereal Terminal in the Rasa basin, Budapest dock, can accommodate vessels to 60 thousand DWT. The terminal specializes in handling and warehousing cereals and oil seeds. The silo can store up to 800 thousand tons per year, and has one-time storage capacity for about 56 thousand tons of cereals. It also has facilities for cleaning, drying, disinfecting, undusting, bagging, and weighing cereal cargoes.
The Port of Rijeka’s Frigo Terminal at the Orlando Pier in the Rasa basin can accommodate ships with up to 8 meter draught. The refrigerator was built in 1991 and has chamber capacity of 3.175 tons. The terminal covers about eight thousand square meters and can handle from 50 to 100 thousand tons of cargo. The terminal has two large cooling chambers for fruits and two chambers for frozen meat. Plans will add a refrigerator wagon for pallets with capacity for ripening.
The General Cargo Terminal in the Port of Rijeka is in two locations, the Rijeka and Susak basins. The terminal has 11 berths that can accommodate ships to 30 thousand DWT and 12 meters draft. Annual capacity is two million tons. The most commonly-handled cargoes include iron and steel products, cement, carton paper, and special bulk cargoes. Modernization and renovation of the terminal facilities is ongoing, and new mobile warehouses for general cargo are planned for the Zagreb pier area.
The Port of Rijeka’s Timber Terminal is located in Susak-Brajdica. With one-time capacity for 35 to 50 cubic meters of timber, total annual capacity is 500 thousand tons. Timber processing services, including natural drying, are available to prepare timber for overseas transport.
The Container and Roll-on/Roll-off Terminal at the Port of Rijeka has two berths, four container bridges, and a roll-on/roll-off ramp. Total terminal area is 122.2 thousand square meters, and it has facilities for cleaning and repairing containers. The container wharf is 514 meters long with alongside depth to 12 meters. Annual capacity is 80 thousand TEUs, and one-time storage capacity is five thousand TEUs. New container bridges have increased capacity to 80 boxes an hour. The terminal can handle three container vessels at the same time, and it can accommodate Panamax-size ships. Plans for increasing terminal size will increase the berths, extend the customs fences, and add surfaces to the railway yard. The Container Terminal has connections to hub ports and all of the major container destinations in the world.
The Port of Rijeka’s Bulk Cargo Terminal is located 13 kilometers from Rijeka. Handling coal and iron ore, the terminal has a depth of 18 meters and can accommodate vessels to 170 thousand DWT. Terminal modernization efforts are underway to facilitate continuous loading and unloading and decrease the circulation of ore dust. The ship-loader can move 600 tons per hour, and the ship-unloader has capacity for up to 3000 tons per hour. The annual maximum capacity for this terminal is 3.5 million tons of ore, and it has one-time storage capacity for 400 thousand tons of iron ore or 130 thousand tons of coal. The terminal is equipped to handle other kinds of bulk cargo as well. The terminal has direct rail connections to the hinterland, and plans are underway to further expand the warehouse and modernize cargo-handling equipment.
The Brsica Terminal in the Port of Rijeka handles live cattle and general cargo. Berthing depth at the general cargo port is 8.5 meters and 7 meters for the cattle berths. The Rasa-Stalije basin terminal handles and warehouses timber and timber products. Terminal Brsica has berths for two ship carrying as many as one thousand cattle, with maximum capacity for 60 thousand tons. The port provides for oversight by veterinarians and a focus on protecting the environment.
The Warehouse at Skrljevo are located about 10 kilometers from the Port of Rijeka’s basin and three kilometers from the Bakar basins. Built to supplement space, the warehouse area covers almost 390 thousand square meters, including 44 thousand square meters of roofed space and 130 thousand square meters of open space. The area is fenced and has toilet facilities and services to support workers. The warehouse are near the basin, and new warehouses are planned.