The Port of Yingkou entered into foreign trade in 1864. On one of the five earliest trade ports in China, it continues to be an important gateway between northeast China and the world. It was one of the first Chinese cities to set up a customs function. In 2010, the Port of Yingkou's throughput exceeded 260 million tons, including more than four million TEUs of containerized cargo, making it the fastest-growing port on China's coast.
The Port of Yingkou boasts 78 berths that handle containers, steel, automobiles, ores, crude and refined oil, liquid chemicals, bulky equipment, coal, groceries, and food. The Port of Yingkou's container terminal can accommodate fifth-generation container ships.
The Port of Yingkou has shipping relationships with over 140 ports in 50 countries and regions around the world. Its major trading partners include Japan, Korea, and countries in Southeastern Asia, and over ten international shipping routes and more than 40 domestic container routes include the Port of Yingkou.
Located between two of China's major cities, Shenyang and Dalian, the Port of Yingkou is part of China's Coastal Base Project, receiving national attention for economic and industrial development. In addition to its road and rail connections, the Port of Yingkou is a little over 140 kilometers (89 miles) southwest of the Shenyang Taoxian Airport.
The Port of Yingkou contains more some 500 hectares of container yards and 400 hectares of logistics facilities. The Port of Yingkou includes temperature-controlled, bonded, distribution, and supervised warehouses. The Port of Yingkou is has convenient access to the Shenyang-Dalian and Harbin-Dalian highways and to China's rail network. The Port of Yingkou includes 200 hectares of ore yards and 400 hectares of coal yards. It also has one-time storage capacity for 1.6 million tons of grain.
The Port of Yingkou's Bayuquan area is the fifth basin for the port. It contains berths 51 through 63, with a total quay length of 2800 meters (9186 feet) and an almost five acre closed yard enclosed with mesh fencing. The Port of Yingkou is building Berths 64 through 67, adding 1100 meters (3609 feet) of quays and 192 hectares of open yards. The Pier 63 berth in the Port of Yingkou's Bayuquan area is equipped with a 335-ton gantry crane.
The Port of Yingkou Bonded Logistics Center is the first bonded logistics center in Northeast China. Opened in late 2009, the logistics center covers 50 hectares. To facilitate customs operations, it is located 600 meters (1968 feet) from the pier. The Port of Yingkou Bonded Logistics Center has a record of rapid turnover, low costs, and outstanding service for imports and exports. The center offers value-added services that include packaging, assembly, labeling, sorting, and marking.
The Yingkou Port Container Terminal Company was founded in 2009 to handle and store containers. Located at deep-water Berths 55 and 56, the terminal offers berthing distance of 430 meters (1411 feet) with alongside depth of 15.5 meters (51 feet). This Port of Yingkou container terminal can accommodate fifth- and sixth-generation container vessels. It has a 44-hectare container yard and storage capacity for 3.2 million TEUs of containerized cargo, including 378 reefer containers. The Port of Yingkou container terminal has a modern terminal operation system that ensures accurate real-time information for moving containers. The system provides real-time information to customers about vessels, containers, and fees.
The Yingkou Longgang International Freight Company Ltd. has a container rental services with a stock of 15,000 TEUs available to customers. The service works closely with shipping companies, shippers, other logistics companies, and agents to assure Port of Yingkou customers receive efficient cost-effective services.
The Yingkou Port Company Ltd. Food Branch offers loading/unloading services and timely movement of grail into silos and storehouses with capacity for moving three thousand tons per hour. The terminal for bulk food and grain cargoes has over three thousand container trailers and access to the grain-producing regions in Northeast China and east Inner Mongolia. Grains are loaded/unloaded by conveyor, and a gantry crane supports bulk cargo handling.
The Port of Yingkou's bulk grain silo has capacity for 100 tons of grain, and the warehouse has capacity for 600 thousand tons of grain. Additional silos are being constructed that will bring the total capacity to 1.9 million tons of grain. All silos are equipped with ventilation, fumigation, grain detection, de-dusting, and security monitoring systems.
The Port of Yingkou has two specialized bulk grain terminals designed to handle ten million tons of cargo per year. The terminals can accommodate vessels to 70 thousand tons and are capable of moving 1500 tons per hour. The ship unloader for soybeans and rapeseed can transfer cargoes to the silo at a rate of one thousand tons per hour. The Port of Yingkou's grain terminals are served by rail tracks connecting the wharf to silos and warehouses. Shipping partners for grains are primarily in domestic locations in South and East China.
The Yingkou Port Company Ltd. operates eight berths to load and unload steel. Cargoes include coil, square steel, billets, high-value coil, rebar, plates, pipe, heavy rail, and wire rod.
A partnership between the Port of Yingkou and Huangeng Yingkou Port Company Ltd. operates the coal-handling terminal. There are 11 production berths for bulk coal cargo that are equipped with 45 gantry cranes. Open yards covering 120 hectares are served by nine rail lines.
The Port of Yingkou Bayuquan area coal terminal is located in the A basin and contains Berths 1 through 6 with total berthing distance of 1800 meters (5905 feet) and alongside depth of 18 meters (59 feet). Unloading operations can be completed within two hours, and loading operations can be finished within four hours. The 120-hectare company yard has capacity for three million tons of coal, with annual turnover of 35 million tons per year. The terminal is served by nine rail lines that can load/unload 350 cars per day.
The Port of Yingkou has become an important distribution for fertilizer in Northeast China. In 2010, the Port of Yingkou handled more than 1.3 million tons of bulk fertilizer cargoes. The chemical fertilizer yard covers 94 hectares, and loading/unloading capacity is 200 cars per day. In order to stimulate growth of the fertilizer terminal and traffic, the Port of Yingkou plans a modern logistics and trading platform for export of fertilizers.
The Yingkou Port Group Company Ltd. provides loading/unloading services for imports of sugar and raw sugar products. With annual loading/unloading capacity for 25 tons, the Port of Yingkou offers palletizing services and can process from 1300 to 1400 tons per 24-hour period. The Port of Yingkou distributes foreign trade imports of 30 million tons to the hinterlands and can process 2000 tons of cargo per 24-hour period. The bulk sugar terminal covers 2.2 acres. The Port of Yingkou is the biggest port in Northeast China for handling Central Plains Sugar.
The Port of Yingkou has a 20-ton ore terminal, a 30-ton ore terminal, and a 15-ton deep-water pier for ores that include imported iron ore, coking coal, and power plant coal. The Port of Yingkou Bayuquan ore terminal contains Berths 16, 17, and 18. Berth 16 has berthing distance of 340 meters (1115 feet) and alongside depth of 17.5 meters (57.4 feet). Berth 17 has berthing distance of 359 meters (1178 feet) with alongside depth of 20 meters (65.6 feet). Berth 18 has berthing distance of 452 meters (1483 feet) with alongside depth of 24.5 meters (80.4 feet).
The ore yard covers 40 hectares and can accommodate 440 tons of stockpiled ore at one time. The yard is equipped with a six thousand ton per hour stacker, a 3500 ton per hour reclaimer, and belt conveyors connecting the terminal with the railway. A second ore yard has three railway loading machines with capacity to move 3500 tons per hour. The Port of Yingkou is building a new ore yard in A Basin that will bring ore yard area in the Port of Yingkou to 80 hectares and total storage capacity to 900 tons of ore.
The nickel-iron processing industry in the Port of Yingkou area is booming, and the region has the biggest nickel mine in Northeast China. The Port of Yingkou's 50-hectare rear yard has annual capacity for 3.5 million tons of cargo.
The Port of Yingkou has a 300-thousand ton crude oil wharf on Fairy Island. The berth has capacity to handle 18 million tons of crude oil per year, and the terminal includes a handling area, pipeline area, and storage tank area. The terminal was completed in late 2008 and began operations in January 2009, ahead of schedule, when the first crude oil tanker arrived. The storage tank farm at the rear of the Fairy Island terminal covers an area of over 21 hectares and has total capacity to store 800 thousand cubic meters in six tanks. In late 2010, an additional 100 thousand cubic meter storage tank was added. Three tank projects are underway that will add 1.2 million cubic meters of capacity.
Huanjin Group operates crude oil storage tanks with capacity for 900 thousand cubic meters and refined oil storage tanks with capacity for 150 thousand cubic meters. Operating since early 2011, the Port of Yingkou Fair Island Basin No. 1 Berth and terminal have handled refined oil and liquid and liquid chemicals with throughput capacity for 600 thousand tons of cargo. The shoreline facility has extends for 965 meters (3166 feet) contains six working areas with annual capacity for five million tons. The rear tank farm has capacity for two million cubic meters, and additional capacity is being added with capacity for 900 tons of fuel oil.
The Yingkou Port Company Ltd. operates three berths and terminal for oil and liquid chemicals in the Port of Yingkou. The facility contains two 80-thousand tons berths, two 50 thousand ton berths, two 30-thousand ton berths, two five thousand ton berths, and two three thousand ton berths. Three basin railway trestles and six rail lines support the loading/unloading of chemicals and oil in the Port of Yingkou. Railway trestle 1 is used to unload oil, and Railway trestles 2 and 3 are used to load/unload chemicals and oil. Each of these is about 340 meters (1115 feet) long. In the Port of Yingkou's A Basin are an additional three railway trestles (each about 440 meters (1444 feet) long). By 2014, the Port of Yingkou will have total handling capacity for 17 million tons of oil and liquid chemicals.
The Yingkou Port Company Ltd. Automobile Terminal opened in 2004 to handle vehicles and electrical and mechanical equipment and for warehousing. The Port of Yingkou Automobile Terminal includes Berths 62 and 63, which are each 60 meters (197 feet) long with alongside depth of 14.5 meters (47.6 feet). The wharf apron covers almost five acres. Since 2006, Berths 57 through 63 have been used to handle ships carrying electrical and mechanical equipment including overweight equipment.