The Port of Yantian (Chinese language) is one of China's fastest-growing seaports. In 2005, the Port of Yantian handled more than 7.6 million TEUs. The Port of Yantian has five 50-thousand tons berths and four berths over 100 thousand tons. The Port of Yantian serves more than 36 worldwide shipping companies and almost 80 vessel visits per week. Expansion plans are underway for six new deep-water berths. Two these began operations in 2006, and the remaining berths were scheduled to be completed in 2010.
Shenzhen Yantian Port Holdings Company, Limited is the port authority for the Port of Yantian. The company's primary charge is developing and operating the Port of Yantian. It also handles cargoes and builds and operates port facilities. The facilities that the Port of Yantian operates include storage facilities, industrial and service facilities, and transportation facilities. The Port of Yantian also operates a container repair business, an entrepot trading business, and technologies that facilitate the import and export of cargo.
A joint venture between the Shenzhen Yantian Port Group and Hutchison Port Holdings, the Yantian International Container Terminals is the leading Port of Yantian gateway for import and export containers traveling to the surrounding region. YICT is the Pearl River Delta's most advanced terminal.
The Port of Yantian's YICT serves over 30 of the world's leading shipping lines. YICT ensures consistent outstanding performance by assuring that its operational equipment and computer systems represent the state of the art and by maintaining a highly qualified professional staff.
YICT is a natural deep-water terminal with 16 berths and a 373-hectare yard. This Port of Yantian terminal's Operation Services and Development Department controls and coordinates all operations of the YICT. The Department plans, allocates, and controls vessel, truck, and container movements within the terminal.
Yantian Container Port
The Yantian Container Port (YCP) at the Pearl River Delta in China opened in 1994 to meet increasing export traffic from that area and from the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone. Located adjacent to Hong Kong, the deep-water facilities at the Port of Yantian Container Port range from 15 to 16 meters (49 to over 52 feet) in depth. The Port of Yantian Container Port has grown quickly, exceeding one million TEUs for the first time in 1998, just four years after opening. It is the fourth biggest container port in the world today.
The Yantian Container Port is primarily an export center. Only one in ten containers moving through this Port of Yantian facility is an import container, and most of the imported containers are empty. The YCP's low production costs and export efficiency make it extremely attractive to international exporters. About half of its exports go to North America, and almost a third goes to Europe.
Opening in early 2006, the Yantian Port Bonded Logistics Park attracts multi-national companies engaged in international trade. Customers deliver their goods for both import and export to the Port of Yantian logistics park where cargoes are processed, consolidated/deconsolidated, stored, shipped, distributed, and/or sold to third-party countries. The logistics park in the Port of Yantian offers efficient and timely customs clearance services.
The Port of Yantian's logistics park is adjacent to the Yantian International Container Terminal. It covers about 96 hectares divided into northern and southern sections. An overpass connects the north and south sections. To the north of Shenyang Highway, the Port of Yantian logistics park covers about 79 hectares. In the south, the park abuts YICT with about 17 hectares of Port of Yantian warehouse facilities and a container yard.
Supervisory customs channels connect the logistics park to the terminals in the Port of Yantian. A 24-hour electronic customs release system allows the park and the Port of Yantian to exchange information via the Internet, connecting the port and park with customs, shipping lines, businesses, and administrators inside the park. The logistics park in the Port of Yantian offers several special considerations to make customs processes more affordable for businesses, including exemptions from export duties and customs inspections inside the park.
Established by the Shenzhen Yantian Port Group (YPG), the Shenzhen Yantian Port Logistics Company Limited (YPL) is constructing a Modern Logistics Center (MCL) in the northern section of the Port of Yantian's Bonded Logistics Park. Covering an area of 500 thousand square meters (5.4 million square feet), the MCL should be operational by the end of 2011. The YPG's goal for the Modern Logistics Center is to integrate the Logistics Department and the Shenzhen Yantian Port Free Trade Zone Investment and Development Company Limited.
YPL will used this integration to focus on operating warehouses and container yards in the Port of Yantian and further develop other logistics areas. Today, YPL has three bonded warehouses covering 36 thousand square meters (387 thousand square feet), a customs supervisory warehouse of 31 thousand square meters (334 thousand square feet), a bonded laden container yard of ten thousand square meters (107.6 thousand square feet), and four general empty container yards of 140 thousand square meters (1.5 million square feet).
In 2006, YICT formed the Association of Yantian Port and Warehousing with warehousing companies in the Yantian District. This Port of Yantian association promotes better communication, coordination, and cooperation between the Port of Yantian and warehousing services. It has also helped further develop the Port of Yantian's warehousing industry.
YICT has brought the world's leading logistics companies to the Port of Yantian. Companies like DHL, UPS, Nippon Express, and Kerry Logistics have established bonded warehouses within the Port of Yantian. The bonded warehouses offer value-added services like customs clearance, packaging, and quality control. The bonded warehouses in the Port of Yantian serve a number of functions that include cargo consolidation, temporary storage of containers, transportation of containers, inventory and management services, domestic distribution of imported cargo, commodities display, and financial services for import and export trading.
The bonded warehouses in the Port of Yantian cover a total of over 10.3 hectares. They include the Liyou Warehouse (25 thousand square meters or 2.5 hectares), Kerry Logistics Warehouse (43 thousand square meters or 4.3 hectares), Nippon Express Warehouse (six thousand square meters or 0.6 hectares), Richest Link Logistics (Shenzhen) Company Limited (11 thousand square meters or 1.1 hectares), and the YPL Warehouse (18.5 thousand square meters or 1.9 hectares).
YICT's Export Supervisory Warehouse in the Port of Yantian covers five thousand square meters (53.8 thousand square feet). Located next to the Port of Yantian, the YICT Export Supervisory Warehouse complements the port's logistics services. The warehouse offers cargo consolidation, repackaging, and distribution. The Warehouse can collect cargo and warehouse it within a 24-hour period.
There are 14 Export Supervisory Warehouses covering a total of over one million square meters (10.8 million square feet) in the Port of Yantian. The YICT Export Supervisory Warehouse covers five thousand square meters (53.8 thousand square feet). The largest is the Guanlan Inland Container Depot covering 580 thousand square meters (6.2 million square feet). The Prologis Warehouse covers 91.2 thousand square meters (981.8 square feet), and the Star Shine / Man Fai Warehouse covers 90 thousand square meters (215.3 thousand square feet).
As the cargo volume moving through the Port of Yantian's International Container Terminal increases, the number and quality of the export supervisory warehouses are continually improving. Today, these Port of Yantian warehouses cover a total of 700 thousand square kilometers. Over ten international shipping forwarders have warehouses in the Port of Yantian. These include Maersk and UPS among many others.
There are also several depots around the Port of Yantian. The Shenzhen Hutchison Inland Container Depots (SHICD) is a member of the Hutchison Port Holdings companies. Established in 1997, the SHICD opened in the Guanlon, Baoan District, to offer one-stop customs clearance and direct loading on-board services in the Port of Yantian.
Cargo leaving the SHICD has been released by the on-site customs station and can be loaded when it arrives at the Port of Yantian International Container Terminal or other terminals in Shenzhen. SHICD facilitates imports and exports in South China. SHICD offers the full range of logistics services including cargo consolidation and warehousing and container storage. Additional services include inspection (quarantine, sanitary, and commodity), quality control, labeling, palletizing, wrapping, labeling, sorting, and knitting.
The Port of Yantian is served by the 23-kilometer (14.3-mile) Pingyan Railway. This dedicated Port of Yantian rail system connects with the Guangzhou-Shenzhen Railway at Pinghu and then to the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway and the Beijing-Kowloon Railway. Pingyan Railway also provides services to many inland cities.
The Port of Yantian is surrounded by a fast-moving highway and road network. The Port of Yantian's main road to the east, Port Avenue, connects to the Huiyan, Shenhui, Shenshan, and Yanba superhighways. To the west, the Port of Yantian's Port Avenue connects to the Meiguan, Guanshenzhu, and Jihe superhighways and to the National Highway 107 that joins the Pearl River Delta highway network. The local Mingzhu Interchange promotes the smooth flow of cargo around the Port of Yantian.
The Shenzhen Port Pilot Station in the Port of Yantian operates under the Shenzhen Municipality's Bureau of Communications. The station employs 74 pilots that can handle all types of vessels including mega-vessels, non-motor vessels, and specialized vessels in all conditions. Pilot services are available 24 hours a day.