The Port of Yantai was opened for trade in 1861, and the harbor has been expanded several times since 1949 under the People’s Republic. Several large-scale expansions have been undertaken since 1973. During the 1990s, 12 new deep-water berths were finished, adding capacity for cargo-handling of 7.3 million tons.
In the late 20th Century, seven new deep-water berths were added to handle containerized cargoes, giving capacity for 2.6 million additional tons of cargo per year. In 2005, new facilities were completed and the area of coast line with deep-water facilities was increased by over one thousand meters. In 2004, another container berth and a multi-purpose berth were opened, adding capacity for handling 960 thousand tons of cargo per year.
Today, the Port of Yantai contains 46 berths, including 23 deep-water berths, with alongside depths up to 16 meters. The Port has a total of 7.3 thousand meters of wharf, 95 thousand square meters of warehouses, 1.5 million square meters of storage yards, and 26 kilometers of railways.
Container traffic in the Port of Yantai includes marine products, fruit, vegetables, vermicelli, marble, wine, and products from light industries and manufacturing. Bulk cargo handled includes cement, metals, chemicals, and oil.
The Port of Yantai plans to create one of the biggest, most modern ports in Northeast Asia. Its objectives include becoming a key port for breakbulk cargo, extensive trade with ports in South Korea and Japan, a focal point for container traffic on the Bohai Sea, and a modern roll-on/roll-off facility for passengers and domestic containers. By 2010, the Port of Yantai intends to achieve annual throughput of 100 million tons, 2 million TEUs of containerized cargo, and 5.2 million passenger visits.
The Yantai Port United Terminal Company is the only business handling breakbulk cargoes within the Port of Yantai. It offers wharves of 4 thousand total meters. The company operates 24 berths with alongside depth of 16 meters, 19 of which can accommodate vessels of ten thousand tons.
The terminal includes more than 1.3 million square meters of storage space and operations dedicated to liquid chemical cargoes and bulk cement. The total length of wharves is over one thousand meters, and newer facilities can handle two 100 thousand DWT and one 200 thousand DWT bulk ships at the same time. Six sets of cranes lend unloading capacity for 60 thousand tons a day.
The Port of Yantai’s Container Terminal Company, operated by the Yantai Port Group Company, owns two container berths on a 700-meter long wharf with alongside depth of 14 meters. The terminal includes a closed storage yard of 240 thousand square meters and 4500 square meters of warehouse. The terminal has capacity to handle 600 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo per year. In 2003, container volume reached 260 thousand TEUs.
he Yantai Port Ferry Terminal Company is also operated by the Yantai Port Group Company. The terminal includes the Yantai Port Ferry Station and Huanhai Road Ferry Station with 12 roll-on/roll-off berths providing primarily passenger service and vehicle transit between Yantai and Dalian. Its international ferry service moves passengers and containers between Yantai and the Port of Inchon, South Korea. Passenger traffic has been ongoing since 1873, and the port long ranked first of Shandong Province’s ports for carrying passengers. Since the 1989 modernization, traffic has increased to more than 380 thousand vehicles and over 3.8 passenger trips per year.
The Port of Yantai’s Western Port Company, established in 2005, includes five departments responsible for developing and operating the western area of the Port of Yantai. Within the jurisdiction of the Yantai Economic and Technological Development Zone, is developing facilities for handling bulk commodities, liquid chemicals, crude oil, and containers. Development started in 1982, with three phases of construction to created 21 new deep-water berths to accommodate ten-thousand DWT vessels and handle annual throughput of 12.2 million tons of cargo.
The Port of Yantai’s China Ocean Shipping Agency is the only large state-owned enterprise in the Port. Engaged in international shipping and freight forwarding, it is responsible for a wide range of activities including shipping, freight, containers, import and export of goods, booking of space and charters, storage, customs and inspections, tourism, and international multi-model transportation.
The Port of Yantai is one of the first ports in China to handle chemical fertilizers, and it has developed a solid reputation for chemical fertilizer bagging with capacity to bag 12 thousand metric tons per day. It is the largest port in North China for handling scrap steel and handles over a million tons each year. An important port for handling ore, the Port of Yantai has capacity to stack about 2.5 million tons or ore at once.
Additionally, the Port of Yantai has six berths for handling grains, 54.6 thousand square meters of warehouses, and 200 thousand square meters of yards with a total capacity for storing 600 thousand tons of grain at once. Further, the Port of Yantai has capacity to bag 20 thousand tons of grain per day.
The Port of Yantai has two groups of storage tanks for liquid chemicals with special rail platforms. Storage capacity is almost 30 thousand cubic meters, and the facility includes pipelines for edible oils that can move 300 tons per hour.
The Port of Yantai has increased its handling of coal exports for China over the years. Today, the port has four berths for coal-handling with storage capacity for 800 thousand tons of coal ore. The port’s bulk cement operation is run jointly with the Mitsubishi Cement Company. It has capacity to store as much as 30 thousand tons of bulk cement and daily capacity for loading seven thousand tons.
Container handling at the Port of Yantai is done by two companies, the Yantai Port Container Terminal Company (a state-owned company) and DPI Terminals Yantai Co. Ltd. under the Yantai Port Group. The Port Group handles domestic container services, and the Yantai Port Terminal handles international container traffic. With four specialized berths of over 1000 meters with alongside depth of 14 meters, the terminals include about 400 thousand square meters of yards and capacity to handle more than 1.6 million TEUs per year.