The Shanghai International Port (Group) Company, Limited (SIPG) is the sole operator of the public terminals in the Port of Shanghai. SIPG was incorporated in 2003 when the former Shanghai Port Authority was reorganized. In 2006, the SIPG became a share-holding limited company whose major shareholders include Shanghai's municipal government, China International Terminals Company Limited, and Shanghai Tongsheng Investment Group Corporation. Shanghai State-Assets Operation Company and Shanghai Dasheng Assets Company are minor shareholders in the Port of Shanghai's SIPG.
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The Port of Shanghai's SIPG is responsible for handling cargo; transporting domestic and international cargo by land and water; de-stuffing, maintaining, manufacturing, and leasing containers; managing information on warehousing, processing, distribution, and port logistics; providing facilities for international passengers; piloting and towing vessels; and forwarding freight; providing in-port services; leasing port equipment and facilities; and building, managing, and operating port and terminal facilities.
SIPG operates 125 berths in the Port of Shanghai with a total quay length of about 20 kilometers. Of the total, 82 Port of Shanghai berths can accommodate vessels of 10 thousand DWT and above. SIPG owns public bulk, breakbulk, specialized roll-on/roll-off, and cruise terminals within the Port of Shanghai. It operates a total of 293 thousand square meters of warehouses and over 4.7 million square meters of storage yards. It also owns 5143 units of cargo-handling equipment.
The Port of Shanghai occupies an enviable geographic location, enjoys near-ideal natural conditions, serves a vast economically-developed hinterland, and has ample inland distribution facilities and infrastructure. The Yangtze River Delta contains a collection of some of China's most economically active cities.
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Agricultural and industrial activities in the Jianghan Plain and the Sichuan Basin are densely populated and are a powerful base for long-term sustainable growth of the Port of Shanghai. Each year, import and export trade moving through the Port of Shanghai represents one-fourth of the value of China's foreign trade.
The Port of Shanghai's Yangtze River Strategy seeks to foster the port's container market and strengthen its cargo-consolidation network by increasing hinterland cargo sources and increasing exports. The SIPG will promote the upgrading of vessel size and standards in the Port of Shanghai and improve navigation and shipping capacity to create a regional cargo-gathering network that covers the whole Yangtze River Valley.
The Port of Shanghai's Northeast Asia Strategy aims to develop ship-to-ship transshipment operations, to establish the Port of Shanghai as an international shipping center, and to rapidly develop the SIPG. The strategy involves focusing the Port of Shanghai functions and services provided by the Yanghsan deep-water port and the Waigaoqiao and Wusongkou port areas to increase efficiency, establish an effective and economical barging system, and to integrate port operations. The SIPG will develop a cargo-gathering public feeder network in the Port of Shanghai for the Northeast Asia region and develop seamless connections between for the Yangtze and coastal and international transshipment. The theme of the marketing effort is the concept of 'The Port of Shanghai, Your Best Choice.'
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SIPG will implement an Internationalization Strategy to increase the Port of Shanghai's capacity for international operations, improve its management of international trade, and form a cross-regional, multi-national network that serves both the domestic and international markets.
Each month, over two thousand container ships leave the Port of Shanghai carrying their cargo to the world's major continents and markets. Containers are the heart of the Port of Shanghai's business.
Over the five-year period ending in 2006, container traffic through the Port of Shanghai increased from 6.43 million TEUs to 21.7 million TEUs. In 2009, the Port of Shanghai handled more than 500 million tons of cargo, including 29 million TEUs of containerized cargo, despite the worldwide financial crisis. The Port of Shanghai contains three major container areas: Wusongkou, Waigaoqiao, and Yangshan.
Port of Shanghai Container Terminals
In the Port of Shanghai's Wusongkou area is the Shanghai Container Terminals (SCT) Company Limited, a joint venture between the Shanghai Container Company Limited and Hutchison Port Holdings Limited. The SCT has three container terminals in the Port of Shanghai with 10 berths, 2.3 thousand meters (7.5 thousand feet) of quays, and 550 thousand square meters (326 acres) of container yards.
SCT offers its Port of Shanghai customers a wide range of dock services. In addition to operating the freight transfer station, SCT handles and washes containers, provides storage and transport for cargo, stores goods inland in the Port of Shanghai, acts as a shipping and freight agency, and a provides electronic data interchange.
In the Waigaoqiao Area at the Port of Shanghai is the SIPG Zhendong Container Terminal Branch, a wholly-owned subsidiary of SIPG. Located on the Yangtze's west bank about 85 kilometers (almost 53 miles) from the river's mouth, the terminal has a total of 1566 meters (5.1 thousand feet) of quays in five container berths. Opened in 2000, the terminal covers over 160 hectares, and it contains world-class technological facilities, equipment, and information management systems.
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The Port of Shanghai's Yangshan Deepwater Port contains the Shanghai Shengdong International Container Terminal Company, Limited, owned and operated by SIPG. The company manages and operates the terminals at the Port of Shanghai deepwater port and operates the nearby International Logistics Park.
Launched in 2005, the terminal and logistics park are equipped with the latest technology to assure production efficiency and management systems. Capable of handling more than 2.2 million TEUs of containerized cargo in the Port of Shanghai, the terminal has a 3000-meter-long (over 9.8 thousand foot) deep-water quay and 34 of the world's most modern container quay cranes as well as ample additional handling and transportation equipment and facilities.
Within the Port of Shanghai's Waigaoqiao Area is the Shanghai Pudong International Container Terminals Limited, a joint venture between the Shanghai Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone Stevedoring Company, Hutchison Ports Pudong Limited, COSCO Pacific (China) Investments Limited, and COSCO Ports (Pudong) Limited.
Located on the Yangtze's south bank in the Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, the Terminal has 900 meters (almost three thousand feet) of quays in three berths that can accommodate 5th and 6th generation container ships. The terminal covers a total area of 123-acre (550 thousand square meter) and includes a container yard with 8200 flat container slots that can stack 30 thousand TEUs simultaneously.
This Port of Shanghai terminal also has special-purpose areas for hazardous cargo containers and reefer containers, and it offers container stuffing and stripping sheds. This modern, technology-intensive Port of Shanghai terminal has a variety of equipment and machinery to support cargo handling and transport. This includes ten quay cranes, 73 container trucks, 36 RTGs, and 11 forklifts.
The Port of Shanghai Pudong International Container Terminal uses advanced systems for the movement of containers that include CTMS real-time production, marshaling container trucks, and an intelligent container yard. The Port of Shanghai Pudong International Container Terminals provides tailor-made services and a safe, affordable, easy-to-use, and reliable service platform.
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The Port of Shanghai's East Container Terminal Company Limited in the Waigaoqiao Area is a joint venture between SIPG and APMT Terminals. The terminal has a total of 1250 meters (4.1 thousand feet) of quay in six container berths. Four of the container berths support the main cargo-handling services, and two of the berths are for the inland feeder service.
Covering an area of more than 383 acres, the Shanghai East Container Terminal strives to be the world's leading container terminal providing its customers with world-class performance, efficiency, and reliability. The Port of Shanghai East Container Terminals Company offers supporting equipment that includes 13 quay cranes and 48 RTGs. During its first year of operation, this Port of Shanghai terminal handled a record of over one million TEUs of containerized cargo. The terminal has received many awards for performance.
The Port of Shanghai East Container Terminal Company's vision is to be the leading public container terminal in the world. Today, the terminal handles as many as 3.6 million TEUs per year with a goal of handling at least four million TEUs. The terminal has consistently been recognized for its high standards and performance by the China Port Association. In 2006, it was nominated to be the "Best Container Terminal (below four million TEUs) in Asia" by the Asian Freight and Supply Chain Awards.
Shanghai Mingdong Container Terminals (SMCT) Limited, in the Port of Shanghai's Waigaoqiao Area, is a 50/50 joint venture between SIPG and Hutchison Port Holdings Limited (HPH). Located at the estuary of the Yangtze River, the terminal covers almost 403 acres and contains four container berths and 1.1 thousand meters (3.6 thousand feet) of quays. With a location that allows vessels of 50 thousand DWT, the terminal contains two domestic feeder line berths with 190-meter (623-foot) long quays and alongside depths of 12.8 (42 feet) and 4.0 meters (13 feet).
This terminal is located in the Port of Shanghai's Yangshan deep-water port. The Port of Shanghai Mingdong Container Terminal has consistently improved production based on its efficiency, production management system, outstanding computer operations system, state-of-the-art facilities and equipment, and highly-qualified staff teams. The terminal is designed to handle 2.2 million TEUs per year.
The Port of Shanghai's SMCT handles both foreign and domestic containers and bulk cargoes. Its services include loading/unloading, transshipment, distribution, storage, container cleaning and repair, and cargo consolidation and division. There is a freight station and intermodal transportation within the Port of Shanghai, and the SMCT provides services that include related information and technical consultation.
Owned by SIPG, the Port of Shanghai Guandong International Container Terminal Company (SGICT), Ltd. is located in the heart of the port's northern area. Providing complete terminal services, the terminal can handle all types of big container vessels. The Port of Shanghai's SGICT contains a 2.6 thousand meter (8.5 thousand foot) quay with alongside depth of 17.5 meters (57.4 feet) with seven berths that accommodate container ships from 70 thousand to 150 thousand tons. This Port of Shanghai terminal is designed to handle over five million TEUs per year.
Photo by Alex Needham
Port of Shanghai Non-Container Terminals
The Port of Shanghai's non-container terminals support the economic development of the Yangtze River Valley. Primarily located on the Huangpu River that feeds the Yangtze, they serve as distribution centers for the Port of Shanghai's hinterlands.
The first terminal in China and the only terminal in the Port of Shanghai that handles roll-on/roll-off traffic is the Shanghai Haitong International Automobile Terminal, a joint venture between Anji Automotive Logistics Company, SIPG, Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha, NYK Holding (Europe), Wallenius Wilhemsen Terminals, and SAIC HK Limited. This Port of Shanghai terminal specializes in handling domestic and foreign trade of vehicles. The terminal is equipped with a state-of-the-art advanced management system for roll-on/roll-off cargoes.
Port of Shanghai Haitong International Automotive Logistics Company is a joint venture between Anji Automotive Logistics Company, Limited and SIPG. The company's professional logistics teams provide excellent service for organizing international shipping, foreign port services, customs clearances for imports and exports, component packing/unpacking, and storage and transfer of foreign trade.
The Port of Shanghai Haitong International Automotive Logistics Company also offers expertise in domestic water, highway, and railroad transportation. The company strives to create the most competitive supply chain service and become a dependable logistics supplier that exceeds its customers' expectations.
The Port of Shanghai Haitong International Automotive Terminal's berth is 219.4 meters (719 feet) long with alongside depth of 14 meters (46 feet), and it can accommodate 5th and 6th generation roll-on/roll-off vessels. This Port of Shanghai terminal covers more than 65 acres, and it has a yard that can park seven thousand cars. The terminal offers other services that include PDI, battery charging, and tire inflation. The Phase 2 terminal will cover an area of almost 25 acres in the Port of Shanghai and contain specialized facilities like warehouses for vehicles and components.
The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Coal Branch handles mostly coal, sand, and gravel, and it also acts as a shipping agency. Located in the Port of Shanghai's Pudong New Area near the Lujiazui Financial and Trade Zone, the terminals cover an area of almost 142 acres and have quays totaling over two thousand meters (6.6 thousand feet) in length. The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Coal Branch has four terminal management offices and 17 berths along the Huangpu River. The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Coal Branch offers storage yards of over 50 acres. The combined throughput of these berths is more than 30 million tons per year.
The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Zhanghuabang Company is four kilometers (2.5 miles) from the mouth of the Yangtze on the Huangpu River. Covering a land area of 49 acres in the Port of Shanghai, the terminal has three 10-thousand-ton berths and 540 meters (1.8 thousand feet) of quays.
The terminal handles about 1.8 million tons of cargo per year. This Port of Shanghai terminal specializes in handling steel products, large and heavy-lift equipment, and containers. It is the Port of Shanghai terminal best fitted for handling over-sized equipment and installations. In fact, SIPG Zhanghuabang has been used in many state-sponsored projects including the Shanghai Jinshan Petrochemical Works, the Quinshan Nuclear Power Station, Pudong International Airport, Shanghai Rail Transit and Tunnels, and many other important national efforts.
The SIPG Jungong Road Branch in the Port of Shanghai is located within the deep-draft channel of the Huangpu River about seven kilometers (4.3 miles) from Wusongkou. Covering an area of 62 acres in the Port of Shanghai, the terminal has four multi-purpose berths with total quay length of 743 meters (2.4 thousand feet) and contains over 33 acres of warehouses and storage yards.
Handling foreign cargoes of iron, steel, vehicles, pulp, equipment, containers, and bulk cargoes, this Port of Shanghai company also conducts container inspections and acts as a shipping agent. It is also involved in motor transportation, manufacturing of tools and rigging, and leases and exports management technology. Equipped with eight gantry cranes and a variety of cargo-handling machines, this Port of Shanghai terminal is served by a 6.3 thousand meter (20.6 thousand feet) long exclusive railroad.
The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Jungong Road terminal specializes in handling foreign bulk and breakbulk cargoes that include steel, iron, pulp, vehicles, equipment, and containers. Handling freight is the terminal's primary business, and they have developed a wide range of services to support that business. Services include a shipping agency, storage, motor transportation, lease/export of management technology, tool and rigging manufacture, and container inspection.
The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Baoshan Terminal specializes in handling, storing, and transporting both domestic and foreign bulk, breakbulk, and containers, including over-sized items and steel products. Designed to handle 2.9 million tons of cargo per year, this Port of Shanghai terminal offers a variety of services that include motor vehicle transportation, container inspection, and container freights. Located four kilometers (2.5 miles) from Wusongkou, the terminal is in the northeast part of Shanghai near the Bao Steels Group.
The SIPG Baoshan Terminal covers an area of 66.7 acres of land and water in the Port of Shanghai. It contains five berths - three for up to ten thousand tons and two for up to one thousand tons. The terminal is equipped with over 100 cranes, pallet forklifts, lorries, container forklifts and trailers capable of handling a wide range of loads. This Port of Shanghai terminal has over eight acres of storage area and a 25.6-acre container yard.
Serving the Hangzhou-Jiaxing-Huzhou region, the SIPG Longwu Branch in the Port of Shanghai is located on the upper Huangpu River. The facility has nine cargo vessel berths, including five container berths, and 20 500-thousand-ton inland barge berths.
Covering about 183 acres in the Port of Shanghai, the Longwu Branch is engaged in a number of activities that include cargo-handling, storage, distribution, and transfer. This Port of Shanghai terminal also offers freight agency services and manufacture and maintenance of equipment.
Operating since 1997, the Port of Shanghai's SIPG Luojing Subsidiary Company specializes in handling bulk cargoes. The SIPG Luojing Subsidiary Company in the Port of Shanghai was set up in 2007 as a co-investment by Hongkong Ruijue Investment Company, Bao Steel, and Ma Steel to specialize in handling ores and Pu-steel logistics services. Today, SIPG Luojing is a state-of-the-art ore terminal and a pioneer in handling industrial logistics between terminals and large steel factories.
Located on the Yangtze's south bank about 38 kilometers (24 miles) from the city center, this new high-tech Port of Shanghai area covers about 123 acres of land and has an unloading quay with alongside depth of 11 meters (36.1 feet). The unloading quay can accommodate huge vessels up to 180 thousand DWT (after load reduction), and the loading quay has alongside depth of 8 meters (26 feet) and can accommodate ships on either side. The company supports the Port of Shanghai's large steelworks on the Yangtze and area iron ore merchants. The storage yard has capacity for more than 1.1 million tons of cargo.
The SIPG Minsheng Controlled Company in the Port of Shanghai specializes in handling, storing, and transporting imports of bulk grains, oils, feeds, and exports of rice and other breakbulk and bulk cargoes. The terminal contains four 10-thousand-ton berths with alongside depth of 10 meters (32 feet) and total quay length of 738 meters (2.4 thousand feet). This Port of Shanghai terminal covers 42 acres and includes two silos with total capacity for 120 thousand tons of grains.
The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Nanpu Branch, in the Pudong New Area, owns and operates two terminals: the Bailianjing Terminal and the Tangkou Terminal. With easy access to water and land transportation networks, the Port of Shanghai's SIPG Nanpu Branch has four 10-thousand-ton deep-water berths, two one-thousand-ton berths, and over 10 acres of storage yard. The terminals handle about five million tons per year of iron and steel, wood, and other breakbulk and bulk cargoes.
The SIPG Xinhua Company in the Port of Shanghai is one of the biggest comprehensive organizations in the Pudong area that handles foreign freight. Operating nine 10-thousand-ton berths with alongside depth of 10.5 meters (34 feet) and total quay length of 1584 meters (5.2 thousand feet), the company operates a total area of over 104 acres.
The SIPG Xinhua Company handles over ten million tons of cargo in the Port of Shanghai each year. Cargoes include metallic ores, chemical fertilizers, and bulk cargoes that include heavy items, steel products, and building materials).
Shanghai Port International Cruise Terminal Development Company, Limited is located in the heart of the Port of Shanghai's Huangpu River District next to the popular and historic Shanghai Bund area and near the Pudong Lujiazui Financial Area. With buildings designed to be as architecturally beautiful as its surroundings, the is one of the Port of Shanghai's newest attractions.
Beginning operations in 2008, the Port of Shanghai international cruise terminal covers almost 41 acres. It has a 1197-meters (3.9 thousand feet) with alongside depth of 10 meters (32.8 feet). The cruise terminal in the Port of Shanghai can handle as many as one million passengers a year, and it can accommodate three 70-thousand ton cruise ships at one time.
A second cruise ship terminal is being constructed in the Port of Shanghai's northern Wusong estuary. Scheduled for use in the Shanghai Expo, the new Port of Shanghai terminal will have the advantages of deeper draft and greater width to accommodate up to four 60-thousand ton, 300-meter (984 feet) cruise liners simultaneously. The new terminal will offer anchorage for international cruisers on the Huangpu River.
The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Passenger Transport Corporation handles passenger traffic and domestic freight. Located in the North Bund Area, the waterfront terminal contains eight berths of a total 1.1 thousand meters that can accommodate vessels from 7 to 10 thousand DWT.
Port-related logistics services are vital to effective and efficient operations in the Port of Shanghai. The Shanghai International Ports Group (SIPG) plays an important role in the development of the Port of Shanghai's container, bulk, and breakbulk businesses.
Photo by Brian Kell
The result of a merger of over 20 businesses, SIPG Logistics specializes in providing outstanding services to the Port of Shanghai. It covers all aspects of logistics in the Port of Shanghai including international freight, shipping agency services, storage and stockpiling (including for hazardous cargoes), domestic multi-modal transport, heavy-lift transport, and development of logistics management software. The Port of Shanghai's SIPG Logistics also handles container services including stuffing, stripping, washing, and repairing containers in the Port of Shanghai. SIPG Logistics strives to offer its customers outstanding one-stop services.
The Shanghai Jihai Shipping Company is a domestic joint venture between SIPG, Shanghai Haihua Ship Company, and the China Shanghai Ocean Shipping Agency. Shanghai Jihai Shipping has 80 ships with total capacity for carrying 11.5 thousand TEUs of cargo. Its main focus is working with liner service for international container shipping on inland feeder routes on the Yangtze River and the coast.
The Port of Shanghai Jihai Shipping Company is a shipping service, an agency for water transport of cargoes, and an international cargo transport company. Shanghai Jihai Shipping has long-term cooperative arrangements with worldwide companies like Maersk, Hanjin, Happag-lloyd, and many others. It also has ties to inland freight forwarding companies and other feeder route operators.
Shanghai Puyuan Shipping in the Port of Shanghai is dedicated to the reduction of seaborne loads. It also provides coastal and offshore shipping services. Shanghai Puyuan Shipping operates "Xin Shuang Feng Hai," a load-reducing platform and three ships. The company's goal is to achieve load reductions for large-quantity bulk cargo on the Luhuashan Sea, for international transport, and for freight transport on the coasts and on the middle and lower Yangtze River. This Port of Shanghai company has achieved outstanding performance, including over 1800 successive days without an accident.
SIPG Yangtze Ports Logistics (SIPGYL) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of SIPG that specializes in logistics in the Yangtze River region. SIPGYL owns 100 ships, and its shipping network covers the entire Yangtze River region. It has affiliated terminals in Yibing, Changsha, Chongqing, Jiujang, Wuhan, Jiangyin, Nanjing, and many more locations. It also establishes large logistics parks where clients can get timely and excellent services.
Shanghai Haihua Shipping Company (HASCO) in the Port of Shanghai covers a wide range of services including shipping agency, freight forwarding, feeder service for the coastal areas and the Yangtze River, leasing of containers, and seaman's labor. Since it was created in 1989, HASCO has maintained an outstanding reputation for punctuality, affordability, and quality in serving the international shipping market.
Providing professional pilotage service for the Port of Shanghai, the Shanghai Port Pilot Administration Station provides the mandatory pilots for foreign vessels using the Port of Shanghai. It is the largest, most technically advanced station in China. There are 210 pilots within its total 500 employees. The Station has 23 auxiliary boats and ships that offer pilotage for some of the largest vessels that use the Port of Shanghai.
A subsidiary of SIPG, Shanghai Harbor Fuxing Shipping Service is the biggest tugboat provider in China. In addition to piloting tugboats for the Port of Shanghai, the company offers heavy-lift hoisting and shipping, domestic transport of general cargoes, ship building and repair, transport of general cargoes for international vessels, and general cargo-handling, storage, and transport services.
Operating modern full-swing tugboats, derrick barges, and sea-going barges, Shanghai Harbor Fuxing Shipping Service operates mainly in the Port of Shanghai, but its services also cover domestic coastal ports and ports on the Yangtze River. The company has an excellent reputation for handling and transporting bulk and heavy-lift cargoes used to construct the Qinshan Hetianwan Nuclear Power Station, the Yangshan Deepwater Port, and the Shanghai chemical industry area. The company is instrumental in the development of the Port of Shanghai's container industry.
Since 1993, the Shanghai Harbour Engineering Corporation has been a general contractor for port-building and channel projects in the Port of Shanghai. Shanghai Harbour Engineering is also a general contractor for the construction of housing, municipal works, highways, and concrete prefabricated structures in the region. The Company owns three floating pile drivers and a floating concrete mixer.
Other floating and land construction assets owned by the Port of Shanghai Harbour Engineering Corporation include towboat, pontoon crane, sea-going lighter, and an imported tyre crane. The Port of Shanghai's Harbour Engineering Corporation has won many awards for its achievements including the "White Magnolia Award for Shanghai Quality Construction Project," the "Silver Prize of State for Quality Project," and the "Zhantianyou Civil Engineering Award."